ISOLATION OF ESSENSIAL OIL OF NUTMEG (Myristica fragrans Houtt) and ANTIOXIDANT ACTIVITY TEST WITH DPPH

Binawati Ginting, Ratna Maira, Mustanir ., Hira Helwati, Lydia Septa Desiyana, Rohmat Mujahid

Abstract


The essential oil of the nutmeg plant (Myristica fragrans Houtt) has been obtained from roots, bark, fruit, mace and seeds using Stahl steam distillation. Each essential oil have tested for antioxidant activity with DPPH. Antioxidant activity of essential oil from each nutmeg plant to DPPH with concentration 25, 50 and 100 ppm. Each essential oil did not show strong antioxidant activity but the result of nutmeg isolation had strong antioxidant activity with IC50 that was 80,555 ppm. Based on GC-MS analysis of essential oil of nutmeg isolate obtained myristicin compound with 96.52% area and time Retention 22.127. Myristicin is one of the main components of essential oils of nutmeg plants that play an important role as antioxidants.

 

Keywords: Nutmeg plant (Myristica fragrans Houtt), Essential Oil, DPPH, Antioxidant radicals

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24815/jn.v18i1.6604

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