Exploration of potential wild medicinal mushrooms from Pocut Meurah Intan forest park, Aceh, Indonesia



Mushroom is one of living things with abundant diversity and has various beneficial potentials; one of them is as medicine. The use of mushrooms as medicine has long been known primarily as traditionally made herbs and the knowledge has been passed down for generations. The Pocut Meurah Intan Forest Park as a conservation forest, stores a variety of mushrooms in it. Data about the type of mushroom that has medicinal potential existed in the forest park has never been published so it is important to do so. This study aims to record the types of mushrooms that have benefits as medicines. The method used is an exploratory survey through a trail or tracking path then identified as a medicinal mushroom base on literature studies. The results of the study found 15 species of mushrooms that have potential as medicine, namely Cookeina tricholoma, Sarcoscypha coccinea, Tremella fuciformis, Auricularia auricula-judae, Flammulina velutipes, Schizophyllum commune, Scleroderma citrinum, Boletus edulis, Trametes versicolor, Lentinus tigrinus, Lentinus squarosulus, Ganoderma applanatum, Ganoderma resinaceum, Thelephora ganbajun and Lycoperdon echinatum. This shows that Pocut Meurah Intan Forest Park has great resources and potential that can be utilized for the benefit of the surrounding community, and it needs to be preserved so that diversity is maintained and can be used by future generations.


Potency of Mushrooms; Medicinal; Wild Macrofungi

Full Text:



Dighton, J. 2003. Fungi in ecosystem Processes (New York: Marcel Dekker, Inc.).

Akgul, H.; Sevindik, M.; Coban, C.; Alli, H.; and Selamoglu, Z. 2017. New approaches in traditional and complementary alternative medicine practices: Auricularia auricula and Trametes versicolor. J. Trad. Med. Clin. Natur. 06 (04).

Kalač, P. 2016. Edible mushrooms: chemical composition and nutritional value, 1st Ed. (Cambridge: Academic Press).

Ajith, T. A. and Janardhanan,K. K. 2002. Antioxidant and antihepatotoxic activities of Phellinus rimosus (Berk) Pilat. J. Ethnopharma. 81 387–391.

Miles, P. G. and Chang, S.T. 2004. Mushrooms: Cultivation, nutritional value, medicinal effect, and environmental impact (USA: CRC Press).

Trudell, S. andAmmirati, J. 2009. Mushrooms of the Pacific Northwest 1st Ed. (USA: Timber Press).

Mortimer, P. E.; Xu, J.; Karunarathna, S. C. and Hyde,K. D. 2014. Mushrooms for trees and people: a field guide to useful mushrooms of the Mekong region (China: The World Agroforestry Centre).

Lamaison, J.L. and Polese, J. M. 2005. The great encyclopedia of mushrooms (Slovakia: Konemann).

Lawrence, E. and Harniess, S. 2000. An instant guide to mushrooms and other fungi (London: Gramercy).

Roberts, P. and Evans, S. 2011. The book of fungi : A life size guide to six hundred species from around the world (Chicago: The University of Chicago Press).

Groves, J. 1979. Edible and poisonous mushrooms of Canada (Ottawa: Research Branch Agriculture Canada).

Pohleven, J.; Korosec, T. and Gregori, A. 2015. Medicinal Mushrooms (Slovenia: Mycomedia).

Hall, I. R.; Stephenson,S. L.; Buchana, P. K.; Yun, W. and Cole, A. L. J. 2003. Edible and Poisonous mushrooms of The World (Cambridge, UK: Timber Press).

Venkatachalapathi, A. and Paulsamy, S. 2016. Exploration of wild medicinal mushroom species in Walayar valley , the Southern Western Ghats of Coimbatore District Tamil Nadu. Mycosphere 7 118–130.

Bascones-Martinez, A.; Mattila, R.; Gomez-Font, R. and Meurman, J. H. 2014. Immunomodulatory drugs: Oral and systemic adverse effects. Oral Med. Patho. 19 24–31.

Wasser, S. P. 2002. Medicinal mushrooms as a source of antitumor and immunomodulating polysaccharides. J. Applied Micro. Biotech. 60 258–274.

Park, K. J.; Lee, S.; Kim, H.; Yamazaki, Chiba, M. K.; and Ha, H. 2007. The neuroprotective and neurotrophic of Tremella fuciformis in PC12h Cells. Mycobiol. 35 11–15.

Moreno, R. B.; Ruthes, A. C.; Baggio, C. H.; Vilaplana, F.; Komura, D. L. and Iacomini, M. 2016. Structure and antinociceptive effects of β-D-glucans from Cookeina tricholoma. Carbo. Pol 141 220-228.

Molnar, P.; Osz, E.; Turcsi, E. and Deli, J. 2019. Carotenoid composition of the mushroom scarlet elf cup (Sarcoscypha coccinea). Heliyon 5 3–8.

Reza, A.; Choi, M. J.; Damte, D.; Jo, W. S.; Lee, S. J.; Lee, J. S. and Park, S. C. 2011. Comparative antitumor activity of different solvent fractions from an Auricularia auricula-judae ethanol extract in p388d1 and sarcoma 180 cells. Toxicol. Res. 27 77–83.

Yi, C.; Zhong, H.; Tong, S.; Cao, X.; Firempong, C. K.; Liu, H.; Fu, M.; Yang, Y.; Feng, Y.; Zhang, H.; Xu, X. and Yu, J. 2012. Enhanced oral bioavailability of a sterol-loaded microemulsion formulation of Flammulina velutipes, a potential antitumor drug. Int. J. Nano. 7 5067–5078.

Mirfat, A. H. S.; Vikineswary, S.; Ahmad, M.; Salahuddin, H.; Abdullah, N. and Sabaratnam, V. 2014. Antimicrobial activities of split gill mushroom Schizophyllum commune Fr. Am. J. Res. Comm. 2 113-124.

Łopusiewicz, Ł. 2018. Scleroderma citrinum melanin : isolation , purification , spectroscopic studies with characterization of antioxidant , antibacterial and light barrier properties. World Sci. News 94 115–130.

Jaworska, G.; Pogoń, K.; Skrzypczak, A. and Bernaś, E. 2015. Composition and antioxidant properties of wild mushrooms Boletus edulis and Xerocomus badius prepared for consumption. J. Food Sci. Tech. 52 7944–7953.

Wu,S.; Wang,G.; Yang,R.; and Cui, Y. 2016. Anti-inflammatory effects of Boletus edulis polysaccharide on asthma pathology. Am. J. Transl. Res. 8 4478–4489.

Knežević, A.; Stajić, M.; Sofrenić, I.; Stanojković, T.; Milovanović, I.; Tešević, V. and Vukojević, J. 2018. Antioxidative, antifungal, cytotoxic and antineurodegenerative activity of selected Trametes species from Serbia. PLoS ONE. 13 1–18.

Janjušević, L.; Karaman, M.; Šibul, F.; Tommonaro, G.; Iodice, C.; Jakovljević, D. and Pejin, B. 2017. The lignicolous fungus Trametes versicolor (L.) Lloyd (1920): a promising natural source of antiradical and AChE inhibitory agents. J. Enzyme Inhib. Med. Chem. 32 355–362.

Sevindik, M. 2018. Investigation of antioxidant/ oxidant status and antimicrobial activities of Lentinus tigrinus. Adv. Pharmacol. Sci. 2018 1-4.

Abdullah, N.; Mhd Omar, N. A.; Kuppusamy, U. R.; Abdulla, M. A. and Sabaratnam, V. 2011. Nutritional composition, antioxidant activities, and antiulcer potential of Lentinus squarrosulus (Mont.) mycelia extract,” Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine : eCAM.

Loyd, A. L.; Richter, B. S.; Jusino, M. A.; Truong, C.; Smith, M. E.; Blanchette, R. A and Smith, J. A. 2018. Identifying the ‘Mushroom of immortality’: Assessing the Ganoderma species composition in commercial reishi products. Front Microbiol. 9 1–14.

Xu, D. P.; Zheng, J.; Zhou, Y.; Li, Y.; Li, S. and Bin-Li, H. 2016. Extraction of natural antioxidants from the Thelephora ganbajun mushroom by an ultrasound-assisted extraction technique and evaluation of antiproliferative activity of the extract against human cancer cells. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 17 1–15.

Jeong, H.; Yang, B. K.; Jeong, Y. T.; Kim, G. N.; Jeong, Y. S.; Kim, S. M.; Mehta, P. and Song, C. H. 2007. Hypolipidemic effects of biopolymers extracted from culture broth , mycelia , and fruiting Bodies of Auricularia auricula-judae in dietary-induced hyperlipidemic rats. Mycobiol. 35 16–20.

Wasser, S. P. 2014. Medicinal Mushroom Science: Current Perspectives, Advances, Evidences, and Challenges. Biomed. 37 345–356.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.24815/jn.v20i3.16916


Indexed and harvested by:


©2001 Jurnal Natural (JN), Indonesia, Banda Aceh: www.jurnal.unsyiah.ac.id/natural | eISSN 2541-4062 | pISSN 1411-8513 | Contact: jurnal.natural@fmipa.unsyiah.ac.idThe JN site and its metadata are licensed under CC BY