HETEROSIS DAN DAYA GABUNG PADA PERSILANGAN HALF DIALLEL CABAI BESAR DAN CABAI KERITING (Capsicum annuum L.)

Yesy Mardianawati, Yesy Mardianawati, Muhamad Syukur

Abstract


The aim of this research was to study estimation the heterosis and heterobeltiosis of fifteen hybrids,the general combining ability (GCA), and the specific combining ability (SCA) of six chili inbred lines of hybridization between big and curly pepper (Capsicum annuum L.). This research was conducted at Genetic and Plant Breeding Laboratory and IPB Experimental Field, Leuwikopo, Dramaga, Bogor, from September 2012 to March 2013. The experimental design used was randomized complete block design (RCBD) single factor with three replication. Plant materials were six chili indred lines, fifteen hyrids from hybridizaion half diallel crosses, and two commercial hybrid. Genotype IPB C5 showed the highest GCA for harvesting time, fruit weight, and yield. Genotype IPB C120 showed the highest GCA for plant heigh and fruit length. Genotype IPB C159 x IPB C111, IPB C159 x IPB C2, IPB C120 x IPB C5, IPB C111 x IPBC2, and IPB C19 x IPB C5 had positive heterosis, heterobeltiosis, and SCA values for some variables observed. All these genotypes had advantages that were not significantly different from the comparison of varieties TM 999 and Princeess on all characters observed.


Keywords


combining ability; heterobeltiosis; heterosis; hybrid

Full Text:

PDF

References


Arif, A.B., S. Sujiprihati, dan M. Syukur. 2012. Pendugaan parameter genetik pada beberapa kuantitatif pada persilangan antara cabai besar dengan cabai keriting (Capsicum annuum L.). J.Agron. Indonesia. 40(2):119-124.

Batool, A., I.R. Noorka, M. Afzal, and A.H. Syed. 2013. Estimation of heterosis, heterobeltiosis and potence ratio over environment among pre and post green revolution spring wheat in Pakistan. Journal of Basic & Applied Sciences. 9:36-43.

Beche, E., C.L. da Silva, E.S. Pagliosa, M.A. Capelin, J. Franke, G. Matei, and G. Benin. 2013. Hybrid performance and heterosis in early segregant population of Brazilian spring wheat. AJCS. 7(1):51-57.

Biabani, A., M.Y. Rafli, G. Saleh, M. Sahbanimofrad, and M.A. Latif. 2012. Combining ability analysis and evaluation of heterosis in Jatropha urcas L. F1-hybrids. AJCS. 6(6):1030-1036.

[BPS] Badan Pusat Statistik. 2013. Luas Panen, Produksi dan Produktivitas Cabai, 2009-2012 [internet]. [diunduh 15 Mei 2013]. Tersedia pada: http://www.bps.go.id.

Daryanto, A., S. Sujiprihati, dan M. Syukur. 2010. Heterosis dan daya gabung karakter agronomi cabai (Capsicum annuum L.) hasil perilangan half diallel. J. Agron. Indonesia.38(2):113-121.

Greenleaf, W.H. 1986. Breeeding Vegetable Crops. Bassett MJ, editor. The Avi Publishing Company Inc. Westport.

Hafsah, S., S. Sastrosumarjo, S. Sujiprihati, Sobir, dan S.H. Hidayat. 2007. Daya gabung dan heterosis ketahanan pepaya (Carica papaya L.) terhadap penyakit antraknosa. Bul. Agron. 35(3):197-204.

Iriany, R.N., S. Sujiprihati, M. Syukur, J. Koswara, dan M. Yunus. 2011. Evaluasi daya gabung dan heterosis lima galur jagung manis (Zea may var. saccharata) hasil persilangan dialel. J.Agron. Indonesia. 39(2):103-111.

Khan, K., and S. Ali. 2011. Heterosis study of certain important yield contributing parameters in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Agro Crop Sci. 2(2):23-26.

Kumar, B.S., and M. Prakash. 2011. Heterosis for biometric and biohemical component in mugbean (Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek.). Karnata J. Agric. Sci. 24(4):523-524.

Marliyanti, L., M. Syukur, dan Widodo. 2013. Daya hasil 15 galur cabai IPB dan ketahanan terhadap penyakit antraknosa yang disebabkan oleh Colletotrichum acutatum. Bul. Agrohorti. 1(1):7-13.

Payakhapaab, S., D. Boonyakiat, and M. Nikornpun. 2012. Evaluatin of heterosis and combining ability of yield component in chillies. Journal of Agricultural Science. 4(11):154-161. doi:10.5539/jas. v4n11p154.

Prajapati, D.B., and A.V. Agalodia. 2011. Heterosis and inbreeding depression in chili (Capsicum annuum L.). Journal of Spices and Aromatic Crops. 20(2):72-76.

Shrestha, A.L., B.P. Luitel, and W.H. Kang. 2011. Heterosis and heterobeltiosis studies in sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum L.). Hort. Environ. Biotechnol. 52(3):278-283.doi:10.1007/s13580-011-0106-8.

Sitaresmi, T., S. Sujiprihati, and M. Syukur. 2010. Combining ability of several introduced and local chili pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) genotypes and heterosis of the offsprings. J. Agron. Indonesia. 38(3):212-217.

Sujiprihati, S., R. Yunianti, M. Syukur, dan Undang. 2007. Pendugaan nilai heterosis dan daya gabung beberapa komponen hasil pada persilangan dialel penuh enam genotipe cabai (Capsicum annuum L.). Bul. Agron. 35(1):28-35.

Syukur, M., S. Sujiprihati, dan R. Yunianti. 2012. Teknik Pemuliaan Tanaman. Penebar Swadaya. Jakarta.

Syukur, M., S. Sujiprihati, R. Yunianti, dan D.A. Kusumah. 2011. Pendugaan ragam genetik dan heritabilitas karakter komponen hasil beberapa genotipe cabai. J. Agrivigor. 10(2):148-156.

Syukur, M., S. Sujiprihati, R. Yunianti, dan D.A. Kusumah. 2010a. Evaluasi daya hasil cabai hibrida dan daya adaptasinya di empat lokasi dalam dua tahun. J. Agron. Indonesia. 38(1):43-51.

Syukur, M., S. Sujiprihati, R. Yunianti, and Undang. 2010b. Diallel analysis using hayman method to study genetic parameter of yield components in pepper (Capsicum annum L.). HAYATI J. Biosci. 17(4):183-188. Doi:10.4308/hjb.17.4.183.

Syukur, M., S. Sujiprihati, R. Yunianti, dan K. Nida. 2010c. Pendugaan komponen ragam, heritabilitas dan korelasi untuk menentukan kriteria seleksi cabai (Capsicum annuum L.) populasi F5. J. Hort. Indonesia. 1(3):74-8.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


ISSN / E-ISSN1907-2686 / 2597-9108
Copyright © 2018 Program Studi Agroteknologi
Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala.