Perlakuan Benih Menggunakan Rizobakteri Pemacu Pertumbuhan terhadap Pertumbuhan Vegetatif dan Hasil Tanaman Cabai Merah (Capsicum annuum L.)

Mardiah Mardiah, Syamsuddin Syamsuddin, Efendi Efendi


Seed Treatment Using Rhizobactery Growth Promoters to Vegetative Growth and Yield of Red Chili Plant (Capsicum annum, L.) 

ABSTRACT. This research aims to determine the effect of seed treatment using plant growth promoter rhizobactery to vegetative growth and yield of two varieties of red chili in the field. The experiment using factorial randomized block design. Factors under study consists of varieties chili PM888 and PM999. Meanwhile, type of rhizobactery consists of Bacillus lichiniformis, Necercia sp., Actinobacter sp., Bacillus larvae, and Pseudomonas capacia. Seed as control is not treated with rhizobactery. Each treatment combination was replicated 3 times. Each experimental unit represented by 5 sample plants. Observed parameters comprise of vegetative growth and reproductive parameters. Result data from observation were analyzed using ANOVA, followed by different test between treatment with Honestly Significant Difference test on the significant level α = 0,05. The results showed that PM888 variety is superior compared with PM999 respect to the response of these varieties for seed treatment with rhizobactery based on the evaluation of the parameters of vegetative growth. While based on production parameters, the number of fruit per plant, PM888 variety significantly more fruit if seed treated using rhizobactery isolate of P. capacia . Meanwhile, rhizobactery species that effectively increase the number of fruit per plant in PM999 variety is P.capacia and P. dimuta. Result of weight measurement of fruit per plant showed that almost all rhizobacteries which effectively increase weight of fruit per plant PM888 variety, except rhizobactery of species Actinobacter sp. As for PM999 variety, there are 4 species rhizobactery which effectively increase the weight of fruit per plant, namely P. capacia , P. dimuta , Necercia sp , and Flavobacterium sp.


Fruit Weight; Fruit Total; Isolate; Reproduction; Species

Full Text:



Adesemoye, A.O., Obin M, Ugoji EO. 2008. Comparison of plant growth-promoting with Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Bacillus subdtilis in three vegetable. Brazilian Journal of Microbiology, 39:423-426.

Antoun H, Prevost D. 2006. Ecology of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria. In: Siddiqui, Z.A. (Ed.), PGPR: Biocontrol and Biofertilization. Springer, Dordrecht, p. 1-38.

Arshad, M. and W.T. Frankenberger, Jr. 1993. Microbial production of plant growth regulators. p. 307-347. In F.B. Meeting, Jr. (Ed.). Soil Microbial Ecology. Applications in Agricultural and Environmental Management. Marcel Dekker, Inc. New York. Balai Penelitian Tanah. 2005. Inventarisasi dan Pengelolaan.

Bae, Y.S., Park KS, Kim CH. 2004. Bacillus spp. as biocontrol agenst of root rot and Phytophthora blight on ginseng. Plant Pathol. J.20 :63-66.

Bae, Y.S., Park KS, Lee YG, Choi OH. 2007. A simple and rapid methode for functional analysis of plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria using the development of cucumber adventious root system. Plant Pathol. J.(23(3): 223-225.

Bano, N., Musarrat J. 2003. Characterization of a new Psemomonas aeruginosa strain NJ-15 as a potential biocontrol agent. Current Microbiology,46: 324-328.

Bennet, M.A. 2002. Application of biologicals to enhance vegetable seed production and quality. seminario semillas/articu-lo09.pdf. [24 Mei 2015]

BPS [Badan Pusat Statistik]. 2013. Direktorat Jenderal Hortikultura, Departemen Pertanian 2013. Produktivitas Sayuran di Indonesia.

Diby, P. 2004. Phisiological, biochemical and moleculer studies on the root rot (caused by Phytophthora capsici) suppression in black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) by rhizosphere bacteria. [Disertasi]. University Calicut. India.

Duriat, AS, Widjaya, A, Hadisoeganda, W, Soetiarso, T.A, Prabaningrum, L. 1999. Teknologi Produksi Benih Cabai Merah. Balai Penelitian Tanaman Sayuran. Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian. Lembang, Bandung.

Egamberdiyeva, D. 2005. Biological control of phytopathogenic fungi with antagonistic bateria. Biocontrol of bacterial plant disease, 1st Simposium 2005. Centre of Agroecology, Taskent State University of Agriculture, University str.1, 700140 Tashkent, Uzbekistan.

Egamberdiyeva, D. 2008. Plant growth promoting properties of rhizobacteria isolated from wheat and pea grown in loamy sand soil. Turk J. Biol. 32: 9-15.

Holt, J.G, Krieg. N.R, Sneath, P.H.A, Staley, J.T, dan William, S.T. 1994. Bergey’s Manual of Determinative Bacteriology. Lippicolt William and Wilkins, New York.

Kumar, R.S, Ayyadurai N, Pandiraja P, Reddy AV, Venkateswarlu Y, Prakash O, Sakthivel N. 2005. Characterization of antifungal metabolite produced by a new strain Pseudomonas aeruginosa PUPa3 that exibits broad-spectrum antifungal activity and biofertilizing traits. Journal of Applied Microbiology, 98:145-154.

Nelson, LM. 2004. Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) : prospects for new inoculants. Crop Manage, doi.10.1094/CM-2004-0301-05-RV.

Patten, CL, Glick BR. 2002. Role of Psemlowonas putida indoleacetic acid in development of the host plant root system. Applied and Environ-mental Microbiology, 68:3795-3801.

Ping, L., Boland W. 2004. Signals from the underground: bacterial volatiles promote growth in Arabidopsis. Plant Sci 9:263-266.

Press, CM., Loper JE, Kloepper JW. 2001. Role of iron in rhizobacteria-mediated induced systemic resistance of cucumber. Phyttophatology, 91:593-598.

Raj, S.N., Shetty HS, Reddy MS. 2005. Plant growt promoting rhizobacteria: Potential green alternative for plant productivity. ZA Siddiqui (ed.), PGPR: biocontrol and biofertilization, 197-216. Springer, Printed in the Netherlands.

Reed, ELM, Glick BR. 2004. Applications of free living plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria. Anton. Leeuw.Int.J.G. 86:1-25.

Schaad, NW, Jones JB, Chun W. 2001. Laboratory Guide for Identification of Plant Patogenic Bacteria. APS Press, The American Phytopathological Society, St Paul Minnesota. p.270.

Sutariati, G.A.K. 2006. Perlakuan benih dengan agens biokontrol untuk pengendalian penyakit antraknosa dan peningkatan hasil serta mutu benih cabai. [Disertasi]. Sekolah Pascasarjana, Institut Pertanian Bogor, Bogor. p.163

Thakuria, D., Talukdar NC, Goswami C, Hazarika S, Boro RC, Khan MR. 2004. Characterization and screening of bacteria from rhizospheer of rice grown in acidic soil of Assam. Curr Sci 86:978-985.

Thuar, A.M., Olmedo CA, Bellone C. 2004. Greenhaous /timmusk.pdfstudies on growth promotion of maize inoculated with plant growth promoting rhizobacteria(PGPR). pdfmanuscripts [25 Juni 2015].


  • There are currently no refbacks.

ISSN / E-ISSN1907-2686 / 2597-9108
Copyright © 2018 Program Studi Agroteknologi
Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala.