Kandungan Nutrisi Lumpur Sawit Hasil Fermentasi dengan Jamur P. chrysosporium

Noferdiman Noferdiman, Ahmad Yani

Abstract


The nutritious content fermentation of palm oil sludge by P. chrysosporium

ABSTRACT. This research is aimed at observing the nutritious content of palm oil sludge fermentation by P. chrysosporium. The experimental design used completely randomized design in factorial (3 x 3). The first factor is the inoculum dosage, namely : (D1). 3 %, (D2). 6 % and (D3). 9 % of substrate weight. The second factor is the length of fermentation, namely : (L1). 4 days, (L2). 8 days and (L3). 12 days. Every treatment is repeated for three time. The data found is scrutinized by mode print and it is followed by distance test of multiple Duncan (Steel and Torrie, 1989). The variables observed in research are dry materials, crude fiber, crude protein, cellulose and lignin. The research on the influence of inoculum dosage and the length of fermentation on dry materials content and crude protein shows insignificant interaction (P>0.05). On the other hand, crude fiber, cellulose and lignin show significant interaction (P<0.01). The inoculum dosage of 6 % and the fermentation length of 8 days is the best combination treatment and it can reduce the crude fiber amounting to 40.86 %, an increase of crude protein amounting to 30.75 % and a decrease of cellulose and lignin amounting to 39.78 % and 36.40 % respectively.


Keywords


fermentation; P. Chrysosporium; palm oil sludge

Full Text:

PDF

References


Beguin, P., and Aubert, J.P. 1992. Cellulases. Encyclopaedia of Microbiol. Vol 1., Academic Press, Institut – Paris.

Blanchette, R.A. 1994. Degradation of the lignocellulose complex in wood. Can. J. Bot. 73 : 999 – 1010.

Cavallazi, J.R.P. , M. de S. Brito., M.G.A. Oliveira, S.G. Villas Boas and M.C.M. Kasuya. 2004. Lignocellulolytic enzyme profile of three Lentinus edodes (Berk.) Pelger strains during cultivation on eucalyptus bark-based medium. Food Agriculture and Environment, 2 (1) ; 291 – 297.

Direktorat Jenderal Perkebunan. 2012. Statistik Perkebunan Indonesia, Departemen Pertanian Jakarta.

Fauzi, Y., Yustina, E.W.. Iman, S., Rudi, H. 2006. Kapala sawit. Penerbit Penebar Swadaya, Jakarta.

Garraway, M.D. and Evans, R.C. 1984. Fungal nutrition and physiology. John Wiley & Sons., Singapore.

Hatakka, A. 2001. Biodegradation of lignin. In : Steinbuchel A. [ed] Biopolymers. Vol 1 : Lignin, Humic Substances and Coal. Germany : Wiley VCH., pp. 129 – 180.

Henriksson, G., P. Ander., B. Petersson., and Petersson G. 1995. Cellobiose dehydrogenase (cellobiose oxidase) from Phanerochaete chrysosporium as wood degrading enzyme. Studies on cellulose, xylan and lignin synthetic. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol.42 : 792 – 796.

Hutagalung dan Jalaludin. 1982. Feeds for farm animal from the oil palm, Serdang, Malaysia.

Kartiwa W.H. 2003. Upaya pemanfaatan enzyme pada pulping biologis. Laporan Penelitian. Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Industri Selulosa, Bandung. Departemen Perindustrian dan Perdagangan.

Kapich, A.N., B.A. Prior, A. Botha, S. Galkin, T. Lundell and A. Hattaka. 2004. Effect of lignocellulose containing substrates on production of ligninolytic peroxidases in submerged cultures of Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Enzyme Microbial. Technol. 34 : 187 – 195.

Lekito, M.N. 2002. Analisis kandungan nutrisi Lumpur minyak sawit (Palm Oil Sludge) asal pabrik pengolahan di Kecamatan Prafi Kabupaten Manokwari Propinsi Papua. Jurnal Peternakan dan Lingkungan, Vol.08 No.1. Februari 2002, hal. 59 -62.

Mandels, M. 1982. Celulases. In G.T. Tsao Ed. Annual Reports on Fermentation Processes 5 : 35 – 78.

Mathius, I.W. 2003. Perkebunan kelapa sawit dapat menjadi basis pengembangan sapi potong. Warta Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pertanian, Vol.25, No.5 : 1 – 4.

Musnandar, E. 2004. Pertumbuhan jamur Marasmius sp. pada substrat kelapa sawit untuk bahan pakan ternak. Majalah Ilmiah Angsana Vol. 08. No.3, Desember ; 25 - 30.

Noferdiman. 2004. Ujicoba limbah sawit dalam ransum ayam broiler. Majalah Ilmiah Angsana Vol. 08. No.1, April ; 17 – 26.

Nofiana, I. 2006. Pengaruh suhu, pH awal medium, kadar substrat dan jumlah inokulum pada proses delignifikasi sabut kelapa (Cocos nucifera L.) oleh Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Tesis, Pascasarjana ITB., Bandung.

Rodriguez, C.S., A. Dominguez and A. Sanroman. 2001. Utilization of lignocellulosic wastes for lignin peroxidase production by semi solid state cultures of Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Appl. Environ. Mirobiol. 65 : 483 – 488.

Steel, R.G. dan H.J. Torrie. 1989. Prinsip dan prosedur statistik. Suatu pendekatan biometrik. Alih bahasa : B. Sumantri. PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama, Jakarta.

Susanto, A. 2002. Pemanfaatan tandan kosong kelapa sawit sebagai media tumbuh jamur edibel. Warta PPKS. Vol. 10 (1) : 15 -19.

Tien, M., and T.K. Kirk. 1989. Lignin degrading enzyme from Phanerochaete chrysosporium : Purification, characterization and catalytic properties of a unique H2O2 requiring oxygenase. PNAS. 81 ; 2280 – 2284.

Vallie, K., J. Barry., Brock., K. Dinesh., Joshi., and Michael. 1992. Degradation of 2,4 toluen by the lignin degrading fungi Phanerochaete chrysosporium. Journal Appl. And Env. Microbiol. 8 : 221 – 228.

Wikipedia Indonesia. 2008. Enzim. http://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/enzim. Diakses tanggal 4 Maret 2008.

Wood, D.A., S.E. Matcham and T.R. Fermor. 1988. Production and function on enzymes during lignocellulose degradation. In : Zadrazil, F. and P. Reninger (Eds). Treatment of lignocellulosics white rot fungi. London : Elsevier Applied Science., pp : 43 – 49.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.17969/agripet.v13i2.820

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c)




Creative Commons LicenseISSN: 1411-4623E-ISSN: 2460-4534
Copyright© 2000-2020 | ISSN: 1411-4623 | EISSN: 2460-4534 
Jurnal Agripet is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

 

Published by: 
Animal Husbandry DepartmentThe Faculty of Agriculture, Syiah Kuala University 
associated with Animal Scientist's Society of Indonesia (HILPI)
Jl. Tgk. Hasan Krueng Kalee No. 3, Kopelma Darussalam,
Banda Aceh, 23111, Indonesia.
Phone: +62-81383736633
Email: samadi177@unsyiah.ac.id & info.agripet@gmail.com


Online Submissions & Guidelines Editorial Policies | Contact Statistics Indexing | Citations