Uji Sifat Fisik Ransum Ayam Broiler Bentuk Pellet yang Ditambahkan Perekat Onggok Melalui Proses Penyemprotan Air

Yuli Retnani, Nining Hasanah, Rahmayeni Rahmayeni, Lidy Herawati

Abstract


The physical characteristic test of broiler ration pelleted that added of onggok as binder with water spraying process

ABSTRACT. Pellet is a kind of solidified and mechanically compressed feed. Problem frequently rise is that pellet shape is easily damaged, brittle, and broken during production, transportation and storage processing. The purpose this study was to know the influence of onggok addition as binding agent with 5% water spraying on the physical characteristic of pellet form ration.

The data were analyzed by analyzed of variance and the significant experiment results would be examined by orthogonal contrast test. The treatments consist from the first experiment were: A1 = basal ration + 0% spraying water, A2 = basal ration + 5% spraying water, A3 = basal ration + 10% spraying water and A4 = basal ration + 15% spraying water. The best result from the first experiment would be used for the second experiment, the treatments second experiment were: R1 = basal ration + 5% spraying water + 0% onggok, R2 = basal ration + 5% spraying water + 2% onggok, R3 = basal ration + 5% spraying water + 4% onggok and R4 = basal ration + 5% spraying water + 6% onggok.

The parameters were water content, water activity, specific gravity, loose bulk density, compressed bulk density, angle of repose, modulus of fineness, average particle sizes and the durability of pellet form. The conclusion of the experiment that added of onggok as binder significant influenced of the characteristic physical pellet, i.e.: increased loose bulk density, compressed bulk density, modulus of fineness, average particle sizes, and durability of pellet, but decreased specific gravity, water content, angle of repose and water activity.


Keywords


onggok; binding agent; physical characteristics; pellet

Full Text:

PDF

References


Direktorat Bina Produksi. 1997. Kumpulan SNI Ransum. Direktorat Jenderal Peternakan. Departemen Pertanian, Jakarta.

Dozier, W.A., 2001. Pellet quality for most economical poultry meat. J. Feed International. 52(2) : 40-42.

Jahan, M.S., Asaduzzaman, M. and Sarkar, A. K., 2006. Performance of broiler fed on mash, pellet and crumble. Int. J. Poultry Sci. 5(3) : 265-270.

Khalil. 1999a. Pengaruh kandungan air dan ukuran partikel terhadap sifat fisik pakan lokal: kerapatan tumpukan, kerapatan pemadatan tumpukan dan berat jenis. Media Peternakan Vol 22 (1): 1-11.

Khalil. 1999b. Pengaruh kandungan air dan ukuran partikel terhadap sifat fisik pakan lokal: sudut tumpukan, daya ambang dan faktor higroskopis. Media Peternakan Vol 22 (1): 33-42.

Meyer, K.H., 1961. Natural and Synthetic High Polymers. Interscience, London.

NRC., 1994. Nutrient Requirements of Poultry. 9th ed. National Academy of Science, Washington DC.

Steel, R.G.D. dan Torrie. J.H., 1991. Prinsip dan Prosedur Statistika. Penerbit PT. Gramedia Pustaka Umum, Jakarta.

Syarief, R., dan Halid, H., 1993. Teknologi Penyimpanan Pangan. Penerbit Arcan, Jakarta.

Thomas, M., van Zuilichem, D. J., and Van der Poel, A. F. B., 1997. Physical quality of pelet animal feed 2. Contribution of process and its conditioins. J. Anim Feed Sci and Thech. 64 (2): 173-192.

Winarno, F.G., Fardiaz, S., dan Fardiaz, D., 1980. Pengantar Teknologi Pangan. PT. Gramedia, Jakarta.

Wirakartakusumah, M.A., 1981. Kinetics of starch. Thesis. University of Wisconsin, Madison.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.17969/agripet.v10i1.632

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c)




Creative Commons LicenseISSN: 1411-4623E-ISSN: 2460-4534
Copyright© 2000-2020 | ISSN: 1411-4623 | EISSN: 2460-4534 
Jurnal Agripet is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

 

Published by: 
Animal Husbandry DepartmentThe Faculty of Agriculture, Syiah Kuala University 
associated with Animal Scientist's Society of Indonesia (HILPI)
Jl. Tgk. Hasan Krueng Kalee No. 3, Kopelma Darussalam,
Banda Aceh, 23111, Indonesia.
Phone: +62-81383736633
Email: samadi177@unsyiah.ac.id & info.agripet@gmail.com


Online Submissions & Guidelines Editorial Policies | Contact Statistics Indexing | Citations