Karakterisasi Sumberdaya Kambing Lokal Khas Kejobong di Kabupaten Purbalingga Propinsi Jawa-Tengah

Akhmad Sodiq

Abstract


Characterization of local goat of kejobong at local government of purbalingga, central java

ABSTRACT. The purposes of this study were to identify the quantitative morphogenitical characteristics (external body dimensions) and qualitative characteristics (coat-colour), the population size, its distribution and diversity of morphogenitical characteristics, the population status in term of conservation, and to find out the model of conservation. The target of this study were goat-husbandry of local goat at Kejobong (13 villages) Local Government of Purbalingga, Central Java, Purbalingga Regency. Livestock On-Farm Trials (LOFT) by simple random sampling was implemented in this study. Sample sizes were determinate by Nomogram Harry King, and were involved of 931 head of local goat of Kejobong. Descriptive (qualitative and quantitative) analyses, variance analyses by General Linear Model (GLM) procedure of SPSS, analysis of the population status according to the Global Data Bank for Farm Animal Genetic Resources for Domestic Animal Diversity of FAO were applied.

This study revealed that: (1) based on the size of external body dimensions, the Kejobong local goat appears the termediate between Kacang and Peranakan Etawah goats; (2) ) Based on the quantitative and qualitative characteristics, the Kejobong local goat assumed as a crossbreed-goat resulted from crossing between Kacang and Peranakan Etawah breeds. Dominant black and total black coat colour were predominants 74.45 and 56.49 percent among their population, respectively; (3) The Kejobong local goats were founded in all regions (13 villages) with the total populations about 15.317 heads. There was highly diversity in term of the characteristic of external body dimensions. This finding force to conduct the in-breed selection in order to improve their productivity; (4) Based on the Global Data Bank for Farm Animal Genetic Resources, the population status of local goat at Kecamatan Subdistric (15.317 heads) and the total population of black coat (8.623 heads) were classified into Not at Risk category. Board of Agriculture National Research Council (1993) classify that the population status into rare if the size of population ranges from 5.000 until 10.000 heads, it is imply that the total population of black coat goat (8.623 heads) include in rare category; (5) The policy of livestock conservation consists of the in-situ and ex-situ methods. In the level of implementation of the sustainability conservation, there were some aspects could be take into account such as agreement between government (political will and coordination), community (group farmer, empowering capital and marketing), and universities. 


Keywords


goat; local goat of kejobong; external body dimension; coat colour; conservation

Full Text:

PDF

References


Astuti, M., 2006. Kompilasi Hasil Pendataan Plasma Nutfah Ternak Indonesia. Makalah Pertemuan Nasional Pelestarian dan Pengembangan Plasma Nutfah Indonesia. Yogyakarta, 28-29 Agustus 2006.

Binowo, F., 2006. Karakteritik Morfologi Kambing Induk dan Pejantan Peranakan Etawah di Outreach Pilot Project (OPP) Daerah Sumber Bibit Kecamatan Kaligesing Kabupaten Purworejo. Laporan Hasil Penelitian. Fakultas Peternakan, Unsoed. Purwokerto.

Blackburn, H. and Mezzadra., 2006. Policies for the Management of Animal Genetic Resources. Proceedings of 8th World Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Production, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil, August 13-18, 2006.

Board of Agriculture National Research Council, 1993. Managing Global Genetic Resources. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., USA.

Devendra, C., 2000. Challenges for research and development of goats. Proceedings International Conferences on Goats. France, 19-21 May 2000.

Devendra, C. and McLeroy, 1982. Goat and Sheep Production in the Tropics. Intermediate

FAO, 2000a. Primary Guidelines for Development of National Farm Animal Genetic Resources Management Plans. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Rome, Italy.

FAO, 2000b. Secondary Guidelines for Development of National Farm Animal Genetic Resources Management Plans: Recording for Medium Input Production Environment. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Rome, Italy.

FAO, 2000. World Watch List for Domestic Animal Diversity. Scherf, B.D. (Ed). Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Rome, Italy.

Iniquez, L., Sanchez M. and Ginting, S. 1993. Long-term Production of Sumatran Sheep in an Integrated Sheep and Rubber Plantation System. Dalam: Tomaszewska, M.W. dkk (eds). 1993. Produksi Kambing dan Domba di Indonesia. Sebelas Maret University Press. Surakarta. Hal 1-5.

Mahmilia, F. dan Tarigan, A., 2004. Karakteristik Morfologi dan Performan Kambing Kacang, Kambing Boer dan Persilangannya. Makalah Lokakarya Nasional Kambing Potong. Dirjen. Peternakan, Jakarta.

Ponzoni, R.W., 1997. Genetic Resources and Conservation. In: Piper, L., and A. Ruvinsky (Eds). The Genetic of Sheep. CABI Publishing, CAB International, Wallingford, UK

Setiadi, B., Priyanto,D. dan Subandriyo, 1999. Karakteristik Morfologik dan Produktivitas Induk Kambing Peranakan Etawah di Daerah Sumber Bibit Kabupaten Purworejo. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Kiat Usaha Peternakan. Purwokerto, Agustus 1999.

Setiadi, B., Priyanto, D. dan Martawijaya, M. 1997. Komparatif Morfologik Kambing. Laporan Hasil Penelitian. Balai Penelitian Ternak Ciawi, Bogor.

Simon, D.L., 1999. Genetic Resources and Conservation. In: R. Fries and A. Ruvinsky (Eds). The Genetic of Cattle. CABI Publishing, CAB International, Wallingford, UK.

Sodiq, A., 2005. Small Ruminants: Implication and Research Strategies on Rural Poverty Reduction. Journal of Rural Development. 1(7):1-7 (2005).

Sodiq, A. and Tawfik, E.Z., 2003. The Role and breeds, management systems, productivity and development strategies of goats in Indonesia. Journal of Agri. and Rural Dev. in the Tropics and Subtropics, 104(1):71-89

Sponenberg, D.P., 2000. Genetic Resources and Conservation. In: Bowling, A.T. and A. Ruvinsky (Eds). The Genetic of Sheep. CABI Publishing, CAB International, Wallingford, UK.

SPSS Inc., 1999. SPSS for Windows: Base Systems User’s Guide Release 9.0. Michigan Avenue, Chicago.

Subandriyo, 2006. Konservasi Sumber Genetic Ternak melalui Pendekatan Perwilayahan dan Swadaya Masyarakat. Makalah Pertemuan Nasional Pelestarian dan Pengembangan Plasma Nutfah Indonesia. Yogyakarta, 28-29 Agustus 2006.

Suyono, 2006. Plasma Nutfah dan Sumber Hayati Keanekaragaman Ternak Lokal Khas Jawa-Tengah. Makalah Pertemuan Nasional Pelestarian dan Pengembangan Plasma Nutfah Indonesia. Yogyakarta, 28-29 Agustus 2006.

Wiener, G., 1994. Animal Breeding, the Tropical Agriculturalist. Macmillan Education Ltd. London.

Yulistiani, D., Tiesnamurti, B., Adiati, U., Priyanti, A. dan Setiyanto, H. 1999. Optimasi Teknologi Usaha Ternak Kambing dan Domba sebagai Upaya Meningkatkan Efisiensi Usaha. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Peternakan dan Veteriner. Bogor, 1-2 Desember 1999.

Yuniatmoko, F., 2006. Karakteristik Morfologi Kambing Peranakan Etawah di Outreach Pilot Project Kecamatan Kaligesing Kabupaten Purworejo. Skripsi. Fakultas Peternakan Unsoed. Purwokerto.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.17969/agripet.v9i1.619

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c)




Creative Commons LicenseISSN: 1411-4623E-ISSN: 2460-4534
Copyright© 2000-2020 | ISSN: 1411-4623 | EISSN: 2460-4534 
Jurnal Agripet is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

 

Published by: 
Animal Husbandry DepartmentThe Faculty of Agriculture, Syiah Kuala University 
associated with Animal Scientist's Society of Indonesia (HILPI)
Jl. Tgk. Hasan Krueng Kalee No. 3, Kopelma Darussalam,
Banda Aceh, 23111, Indonesia.
Phone: +62-81383736633
Email: samadi177@unsyiah.ac.id & info.agripet@gmail.com


Online Submissions & Guidelines Editorial Policies | Contact Statistics Indexing | Citations