Persentase Fertilitas dan Daya Tetas Ayam Cemani dan White Leghorn Berdasarkan Ukuran Bobot Telur

Tatan Kostaman, Soni Sopiyana, Bayu Dewantoro Putro Soewandi, Komarudin Komarudin

Abstract


ABSTRAK. Fertilitas dan daya tetas sangat penting secara ekonomi untuk semua tempat penetasan, oleh karena itu harus diberikan perhatian khusus. Tujuan dari penelitian adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh ukuran bobot telur terhadap persentase fertilitas dan daya tetas ayam Cemani dan White Leghorn. Telur tetas (299) dari ayam Cemani dan White Leghorn diperoleh dari kompleks kandang Balitnak dan dibagi menjadi 3 kategori ukuran bobot telur (kecil, sedang, dan besar). Data bobot telur tetas, fertilitas, dan daya tetas dianalisis berdasarkan Rancangan Acak Kelompok pola faktorial 3 x 2. Faktor pertama adalah ukuran bobot telur dan faktor kedua adalah jenis ternak, menggunakan prosedur General Linear Model dari SPSS versi 22. Jika terdapat pengaruh, maka diuji lanjut dengan uji Duncan. Sementara itu, untuk mengetahui hubungan antara ukuran bobot telur terhadap fertilitas dan daya tetas dihitung dengan persamaan regresi. Penelitian menunjukkan ukuran bobot telur secara signifikan (P<0,05) memengaruhi bobot telur tetas, fertilitas, dan daya tetas. Telur ukuran sedang memberikan persentase fertilitas dan daya tetas yang lebih baik dibandingkan dengan telur ukuran kecil dan besar. Begitu juga untuk persamaan regresi memperlihatkan ada korelasi positif antara ukuran bobot telur terhadap fertilitas dan daya tetas, di mana ukuran bobot telur sedang mempunyai nilai R tertinggi. Pemilihan telur ukuran sedang akan bermanfaat untuk memaksimalkan persentase fertilitas dan daya tetas.

 

(Percentage of fertility and hatchability of cemani and white leghorn chickens based on size of egg weight)

ABSTRACT. Special attention to the trait of fertility and hatchability is very important because these two characteristics have economic value in all hatcheries. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of egg weight size to the fertility and hatchability percentage in Cemani and White Leghorn chickens. The sample used in this research was the hatching eggs of Cemani and White Leghorn chickens (299 eggs) that obtained from the Balitnak chicken station. The eggs are divided into 3 egg weight size categories (small, medium and large). Data on weight of hatching egg, fertility, and hatchability were analyzed based on a 3 x 2 factorial randomized block design. The first factor was egg weight size and the second factor was breed. Data analysis used the General Linear Model procedure from SPSS version 22. If the effect is significantly different, then Duncan's test will be continued. Meanwhile, the correlation between size of egg weight and fertility is analyzed by regression. The results showed that the size of the egg weight was significantly (P<0.05) on the hatching egg weight, fertility, and hatchability. The best percentage of fertility and hatchability is eggs in the medium category. Fertility and hatchability of eggs have a positive correlation with egg weight measurements, where the measurement of egg weight in the medium category has the highest R value. The choice of medium size eggs will be beneficial to maximize the percentage of fertility and hatchability.

Keywords


ukuran; bobot telur; fertilitas; daya tetas; ayam cemani; ayam white leghorn; size; egg weight; fertility; hatchability; cemani chicken; white leghorn chicken

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahyodi, F., Nova, K., Kurtini, T., 2014. Pengaruh bobot telur terhadap fertilitas, susut tetas, daya tetas, dan bobot tetas telur kalkun. Jurnal Ilmu Peternak Terpadu, 2(1): 19-25.

Alabi, O.J., Ng’ambi, J.W., Norris, D., 2012. Effect of egg weight on physical egg parameters and hatchability of indigenous Venda chickens. Asian J. Anim. Vet. Adv. 7(2): 166-172. DOI: 10.3923 /ajava. 2012.166.172

Astomo, W., Septinova, D., Kurtini, T, 2016. Pengaruh sex ratio ayam Arab terhadap fertilitas, daya tetas, dan bobot tetas. Jurnal Ilmu Peternak Terpadu, 4(1): 6-12.

Bobbo, A.G., Yahaya, M.S., Baba, S.S., 2013. Comparative assessment of fertility and harchability traits of three phenotype of local chicken in Adamawa State. IOSR J. Agric. Vet. Sci. 4(2): 22-28.

Brillard, J.P., 2003. Practical aspects of fertility in Poultry. World Poult. Sci. J. 59: 441-446.

Darmawati, D., Rukmiasih., Afnan, R.,2016. Daya tetas telur itik Cihateup dan Alabio. Jurnal Ilmu Produksi dan Teknologi Hasil Peternak, 04(1): 257-263.

Demeke, S., 2004. Egg production performance of local and White Leghorn hens under intensive and rural household conditions in Ethiopia. Livestock Research for Rural Development. 16(2): 22-29.

Duman, M., Şekeroğlu, A., 2017. Effect of egg weights on hatching results, broiler performance and some stress parameters. Braz. J. Poult. Sci. 19(2): 255-262. DOI: 10.1590/1806-9061-2016-0372.

Ewonetu, K.S., Kasaye, A., 2018. Effect of egg weight on post-hatch performance of White Leghorn chicken breed from day-old to laying age. J. Poult. Res. 15(2): 16-22.

Herlina, L.O., Nafiu., Pagala, M.A., 2016. Bobot tetas dan fertilitas pada ayam kampung dan hasil persilangannya. JITRO, 3(3): 32-37.

Iqbal, J., Khan, S.H., Mukhtar, N., Ahmed, T., Pasha, R.A., 2016. Effects of egg size (weight) and age on hatching performance and chick quality of broiler breeder. J. Appl. Anim. Res. 44(1): 54-64. DOI: 10.1080/09712119.2014.987294.

Islam, M.S., Howlider, M.A.R., Kabir, F., Alam. J., 2002. Comparative assessment of fertility and hatchability of Barred Plymouth Rock, White Leghorn, Rhode Island Red and White Rock hen. Int. J. of Poult. Sci. 1(4): 85-90. DOI: 10.3923/ijps.2002. 85.90.

Ismoyowati., Saleh, D.M., Rosidi. 2010. Egg production and quality of kedu chicken based on plumage color. In: 5th Int. Semin. Trop. Anim. Prod. Yogyakarta. pp. 385-390.

Jewitt, A., 2015. Ayam Cemani Chicken-The Indonesia Black Hen [Internet]. [place unknown]: Whytbank Publishing.

King’ori, A.M. 2011. Review of the factors that influence egg fertility and hatchability in poultry. Int. J. Poult. Sci. 10(6): 483-492. DOI: 10.3923/ijps. 2011.483.492.

Kusumasari, D.P., Mangisah, I., Estiningdriati, I., 2013. Pengaruh penambahan vitamin A dan E dalam ransum terhadap bobot telur dan mortalitas embrio ayam Kedu hitam. Anim. Agric. J. 2(1): 191-200.

Mussaddeq, Y., Daud, S., Akhtar, S., 2002. A study on the laying performance of cross (FAY × RIR) chicken under different plans of feeding. Int. J. Poult. Sci. 1(6): 188-192. DOI: 10.3923/ijps.2002.188.192.

Paputungan, S., Lambey, L.J., Tangkau, L.S., Laihad, J., 2017. Pengaruh bobot telur tetas itik terhadap perkembangan embrio, fertilitas dan bobot tetas. Jurnal Zootek. 37(1): 96-116.

Patra, M.K., Sanchu, V., Ngullies, E., Hajra, D.K., Deka, B.C., 2016. Influence of egg weight on fertility and hatchability of backyard poultry varieties maintained under institutional farm conditions. Indian J. Anim. Sci. 86(8): 869-872.

Pisenti, J.M., Delany, M.E., Taylor R.L.J., Abbott, U.K., Abplanalp, H., Arthur, J.A., Bakst, M.R., Baxter-Jones, C., Bitgood, J.J., Bradley, F.A., Cheng, K.M., Dietert, R.R., Dodgson, J.B., Donoghue, A.M., Emsley, A.B., Etches, R.J., Frahm, R.R., Gerrits, R.J., Goetinck, P.F., Grunder, A.A., Harry, D.E., Lamont, S.J., Martin, G.R., McGuire, P.E., Moberg, G.P., Pierro, L.J., Qualset, C.O., Qureshi, M.A., Shultz, F.T., Wilson, B.W., 1999. Avian genetic resources at risk: An assessment and proposal for conservation of genetic stocks in the USA and Canada. California USA.

Ramaphala, N.O., Mbajiorgu, C.A., 2013. Effect of egg weight on hatchability and chick hatch-weight of COBB 500 broiler chickens. AJAVA, 8(7): 885-892. DOI: 10.3923/ajava.2013. 885.892.

Rashid, M.M., Islam, B.C., Roy, M.N., Jakobsen, K., Lauridsen, C., 2005. Nutrient concentrations of crop and gizzard contents of indigenous scavenging chickens under rural conditions of Bangladesh. Lives Research for Rural Development. 17(2).

Rofii, A., Saraswati, T.R., Yuniwarti, E.Y.W., 2018. Pengaruh pemberian duckweed dan virgin coconut oil (VCO) dalam pakan terhadap performa produksi dan daya tetas telur ayam Cemani. Jurnal Ilmu Peternak Terpadu, 2(1): 1-6.

Sa’diah, I.N., Garnida, D., Mushawwir, A., 2015. Mortalitas embrio dan daya tetas itik lokal (Anas sp.) berdasarkan pola pengaturan temperatur mesin tetas. Jurnal Ilmiah Peternakan Terpadu, 4(3): 1-12.

Sembiring, R.K., 1995. Analisis Regresi Edisi 2. Penerbit Institut Teknologi Bandung, Bandung.

Senbeta, E.K., 2017. Effect of egg size on hatchability and subsequent growth performance of Fayoumi chicken. J. Agric. Sci. 9(7): 116-122. DOI:10.5539/jas.v9n7 p116.

Sola-Ojo, F.E., Toye, A.A., Ayorinde, K.L., Afolayan, O.F., 2011. Relationship between egg weight, hatch weight and subsequent body weight in Fulani Ecotype chicken. Global J. Agric. Sci. 10(2): 103-109.

Steel, R.G.D., and J. H. Torrie. 1991. Principles Procedures of Statistics A Biometrical Approach. Translated by Bambang Sumantri.1993. Principles and procedures of statistics: A biometric approach. Gramedia. Jakarta.

Susanti, I., Kurtini, T., Septinova, D., 2015. Pengaruh lama penyimpanan terhadap fertilitas, susut tetas, daya tetas dan bobot tetas telur ayam arab. Jurnal Ilmiah Peternakan Terpadu. 3(4): 185-190.

Susanto, E., Suliswanto., 2013. Pengaruh berat telur terhadap daya tetas telur ayam kampung. Jurnal Ternak, 4(2): 27-30.

Tjahjadi, H., 2010. Potensi usaha peternakan ayam Cemani (studi kasus peternakan ayam Cemani di Temanggung). Thesis Master, Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor, Indonesia.

Tugiyanti, E., Iriyanti, N., 2012. Kualitas eksternal telur ayam petelur yang mendapat ransum dengan penambahan tepung ikan fermentasi menggunakan isolat produser antihistamin. Journal Aplikasi Teknologi Pangan. 1(2): 44-47.

Ustadha, C., Sutopo, K.I.S., 2016. Pengaruh perbedaan bobot telur terhadap bobot tetas dan mortalitas ayam kedu jengger merah dan ayam kedu jengger hitam. Agromedia. 34(2): 65-71.

Yuniarinda, C., Kurnianto, E., Kismiati, S., 2019. Pengaruh bobot telur terhadap daya tetas dan bobot tetas itik Magelang generasi ke-4 di satuan kerja itik Banyubiru-Ambarawa. JITP. 7(2).

Zakaria, A.H., Plumstead, P.W., Romero-Sanchez, H., Leksrisompong, N., Osborne, J., Brake, J., 2005. Oviposition pattern, egg weight, fertility, and hatchability of young and old broiler breeders. Poultry Science, 84(9): 1505-1509. DOI: 10.1093 / ps/ 84.9.1505.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.17969/agripet.v20i2.16411

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Jurnal Agripet

License URL: http://www.jurnal.unsyiah.ac.id/agripet/about/submissions#copyrightNotice


Creative Commons LicenseISSN: 1411-4623E-ISSN: 2460-4534
Copyright© 2000-2020 | ISSN: 1411-4623 | EISSN: 2460-4534 
Jurnal Agripet is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

 

Published by: 
Animal Husbandry DepartmentThe Faculty of Agriculture, Syiah Kuala University 
associated with Animal Scientist's Society of Indonesia (HILPI)
Jl. Tgk. Hasan Krueng Kalee No. 3, Kopelma Darussalam,
Banda Aceh, 23111, Indonesia.
Phone: +62-81383736633
Email: samadi177@unsyiah.ac.id & info.agripet@gmail.com


Online Submissions & Guidelines Editorial Policies | Contact Statistics Indexing | Citations