Evaluasi Kualitas, Karakteristik Fermentasi dan Kecernaan In Vitro Silase Campuran Sorgum Stay Green-Gliricidia sepium dengan Penambahan Berbagai Level Asam Laktat

Widhi Kurniawan, Syamsuddin Syamsuddin, Wa Laili Salid, Purnaning Dhian Isnaini

Abstract


ABSTRAK. Silase gabungan rumput-leguminosa merupakan inovasi yang dapat diaplikasikan untuk menyediakan pakan dan bisa digunakan sepanjang tahun. Kandungan protein silase campuran tersebut dapat mencapai tingkat optimal sebagai pakan konsentrat hijau (green concentrate). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengevaluasi kualitas, karakter fermentasi dan kecernaan in vitro silase campuran sorgum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) and gamal (Gliricidia sepium) dengan menambahkan dosis asam laktat yang berbeda. Silase dibuat dengan mencampur bahan penyusun yang terdiri dari sorgum dan daun gamal dengan perbandingan 1:1 dan penambahan asam laktat konsentrasi 20% (v/v). Penelitian terdiri atas 3 perlakuan yaitu; A0: (kontrol) tanpa penambahan asam laktat, A1: penambahan asam laktat sebanyak 2% (b/v), A2: 2,5% (b/v), dan A3: 3% (b/v) dengan 4 ulangan tiap perlakuan. Proses ensilase menggunakan cairan rumen kambing selama 21 hari. Parameter penelitian yang diamati adalah kualitas silase dan kecernaan in vitro. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa dosis penambahan asam laktat sebanyak 2% menghasilkan silase paling optimal dengan pH (3,94), bahan kering (26,62%), dan nilai Fleigh (100,89), namun tidak berpengaruh terhadap kandungan protein kasar, kecernaan bahan organik, kecernaan bahan kering dan kecernaan protein kasar. Kesimpulan pada penelitian ini adalah penggunaan asam laktat organik dengan dosis 2 hingga 3% (b/v) konsentrasi 20% (v/v) mampu meningkatkan karakteristik, kualitas fermentasi tetapi tidak mempengaruhi nilai KcBK, KcBO dan KcPK silase campuran sorgum stay green (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) and gamal (Gliricidia sepium). 

 

(Quality evaluation, fermentation characteristic and in vitro digestibility of stay green sorghum-Gliricidia sepium mix silage on different level of lactic acid utilization) 

ABSTRACT. The grass-legume combined silage is an innovation that can be applied to provide feed and can be used throughout the year. The content of the mixed silage protein can reach optimal levels as a green concentrate feed. This study aims to evaluate the quality, fermentation characteristics and digestibility of in vitro silage of a mixture of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) and gamal (Gliricidia sepium) by adding different doses of lactic acid. Silage is made by mixing a constituent consisting of sorghum and gamal leaves in a ratio of 1: 1 and the addition of lactic acid concentration of 20% (v / v). The study consisted of 3 treatments namely; A0: (control) without the addition of lactic acid, A1: addition of 2% (w / v) lactic acid, A2: 2.5% (w / v), and A3: 3% (w / v) with 4 replications each treatment. The ensilage process used goat's rumen fluid for 21 days. The research parameters observed were silage quality and in vitro digestibility. The results showed that the addition dose of lactic acid as much as 2% produced the most optimal silage with pH (3.94), dry matter (26.62%), and Fleigh value (100.89), but had no effect on crude protein content, digestibility organic matter, digestibility of dry matter and digestibility of crude protein. The conclusion of this study is the use of organic lactic acid with a dose of 2 to 3% (w/v) concentration of 20% (v/v) can improve the characteristics, quality of fermentation but does not affect the value of KcBK, KcBO and KcPK silage stay sorghum mixture green (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) and gamal (Gliricidia sepium).


Keywords


silase; sorgum; legume; kualitas; kecernaan; silage; sorghum; quality; digestibility

Full Text:

PDF

References


Afriyanti, M., 2008. Fermentabilitas dan kecernaan in vitro ransum yang diberi kursin bungkil biji jarak pagar (Jatropha curcas L.) pada ternak sapi dan kerbau. Skripsi. Fakultas Peternakan. Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor.

Amer, S., Hassanat, F., Berthiaume, R., Seguin, P., Mustafa, A.F., 2012. Effects of water-soluble carbohydrate content on ensiling characteristics, chemical composition and in vitro gas production of forage millet and forage sorghum silages. Anim. Feed Sci.Tech. 177: 23-29.

Bestari, J., Thalib, A., Hamid, H., Suherman, D., 1998. Kecernaan in-vivo ransum silase jerami padi dengan penambahan mikroba rumen kerbau pada sapi peranakan ongole. Jurnal Ilmu Ternak dan Veteriner. 4(4): 1-6.

Daning, D.R.A., Foekh, B., 2018. Evaluasi produksi dan kualitas nutrisi pada bagian daun dan kulit kayu Calliandra callotirsus dan Gliricidia sepium. Sains Peternakan. 16(1): 7-11

De Angelis, M., Gobbetti M., 2004. Environmental stress responses in Lactobacillus: A review. Proteomics. 4(1): 106-122.

Demirel, R., Akdemir, F., Saruhan, V., Demirel, D.S., Akinci, C., Aydin, F., 2011. The determination of qualities in different whole-plant silages among hybrid maize cultivars. Afr. J. Agri. Res. 6(24): 5469-5474.

Firsoni, J., Sulistyo., Tjakradiraja, A.S., Suharyono., 2008. Uji Fermentasi in Vitro terhadap Pengaruh Suplemen Pakan dalam Pakan Komplit. Pusat Aplikasi Teknologi Isotop dan Radiasi BATAN. Fakultas Peternakan Institut Pertanian Bogor. Hal: 233:240.

Kasmaei, K.M., 2016. Methods to Study the Relationship between Forage Composition and Silage Fermentation and Aerobic Stability. Doctoral Thesis. Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Science Department of Animal Nutrition and Management. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences Uppsala.

Kung, L., Shaver, R., 2001. Interpretation and use of silage fermentation analysis reports. University of Wisconsin Board of Regents.

Kurniawan,W., Syamsuddin., Sandiah, N., 2018. Karakteristik Fermentasi Silase Kombinasi Rumput Gajah dan Daun Indigofera dengan Proporsi Berbeda. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Inovasi Teknologi Peternakan dalam Mendukung Terwujudnya Ketahanan Pangan Nasional, Kendari. 82-87.

Kurniawan, W., Wahyono, T., Sandiah, N., Has, H., Nafiu, L.O., Napirah, A., 2019. Evaluasi kualitas dan karakteristik fermentasi silase kombinasi stay green sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench)- Indigofera zolingeriana dengan perberbedaan komposisi. Jurnal Ilmu dan Teknologi Peternakan Topis. 6(1): 62-69.

Koten, B.B., Wea, R., Soetrisno, R.D., Ngadiyono, N., Soewignyo, B., 2014. Konsumsi nutrien ternak kambing yang mendapatkan hijauan hasil tumpang sari arbila (Phaseoluslunatus) dengan sorghum sebagai tanaman sela pada jarak tanam arbila dan jumlah baris sorgum yang berbeda. Jurnal Ilmu Ternak. 1(8): 38-45.

Muck. R.E., 2011. The Art and Science of Making Silage. Proceedings Western Alfalfa and Forage Conference Las Vegas, 11-13 December 2011.

Ozturk, D., Kizilsimsek, M., Kamalak, A., Canbolat, O., Ozkan, C.O., 2006. Effects of ensiling alfalfa with whole-crop maize on the chemical composition and nutritive value of silage mixtures. Asian Australasian J. Anim. Sci. 19(4): 526-532.

Parakkasi, A. 1999. Ilmu Nutrisi dan Makanan Ternak Ruminan. UI Press. Jakarta

Piper, P.W., 2011. Resistance of Yeasts to Weak Organic Acid Food Preservatives. In: Laskin, A.I., Sariaslani, S., and Gadd, G.M. (eds.) Advances in Applied Microbiology. Vol 77. San Diego: Elsevier Academic Press Inc.

Santos, E.M., Zanine, A.M., Olivirea, J.S., 2006. Tropical grass silages. Revista Eletrónica de Veterinaria REDVET, v.VII (7): 1-16. DOI: 10.5747/ca.2006.v02.n1.a21

Shaver, R.D., 2003. Practical Application of New Forage Quality Tests. In: Proceedings of the 6th Western Dairy Management Conference, Reno, USA, 22-25.

Seglar, B., 2003. Fermentation analysis and silage quality testing. Proceedings of the Minnesota Dairy Health Conference, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Minnesota.

Subekti, E., 2009. Ketahanan Pakan Ternak Indonesia. Semarang. Mediagro. 5(2): 63-71.

Surono, Soejono, M., Budhi, S.P.S., 2003. Kecernaan bahan kering dan bahan organik in vitro silase rumput gajah pada umur potong dan level aditif yang berbeda. Indon.Trop.Anim.Agric. 28(4): 204-210.

Tilley, J.M.A., Terry, R.A., 1963. A two stage technique for the in vitro digestion of forage crops. J. British Grassland Soc. 18: 104-111

Wahyono, T., Hardani, S.N.W., Ansori, D., Handayani, T., Priyoatmojo, D., Sihono., Firsoni, Sasongko, W.T., Sugoro, I., 2018. Profil Kecernaan In Vitro Tanaman Sorgum Hasil Pemuliaan Dengan Mutasi Radiasi. Prosiding Seminar Nasional APISORA. 9-17.

Wayne, K.C., John, O.F., Keith, K.B., Charles, W.K., Robert, C.C., 1998. The effect of moisture concentration and types on quality characteristics of alfalfa hay baled under two density regimes in a model system. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 72: 53-69.

Yosef, E., Carmi, A., Nikbachat, M., Zenou, A., Umiel, N., Miron, J., 2009. Characteristics of tall versus short-type varieties of forage sorghum grown under two irrigation levels, for summer and subsequent fall harvests, and digestibility by sheep of their silages. Anim. Feed Sci. Technol. 152: 1-11.

Teke, B., Akdag, F., Ekiz, B., Ugurlu, M., 2014. Effects of different lairage times after long distance transportation on carcass and meat quality characteristics of Hungarian Simmental bulls. Meat Sci. 96:224-229.

Werner, M., Gallo, C., 2008. Effect of transport, lairage and stunning on the concentrations of some blood constitutions in horses destined for slaughter. J. Liv. Sci. 12:23-29.

Yousef, M.K., 1985. Stress Physiology in Livestock. Vol.1 Basic Principles. Florida (US): CRC Press Inc.

Zhong, R.Z., Liu, H.W., Zhou, D.W., Sun, H.X., Zhao, C.S., 2011. The effects of road transportation on physiological responses and meat quality in sheep differing in age. J Anim. Sci. 89:3742-3751.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.17969/agripet.v19i2.14857

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 Jurnal Agripet

License URL: http://www.jurnal.unsyiah.ac.id/agripet/about/submissions#copyrightNotice


Creative Commons LicenseISSN: 1411-4623E-ISSN: 2460-4534
Copyright© 2000-2020 | ISSN: 1411-4623 | EISSN: 2460-4534 
Jurnal Agripet is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

 

Published by: 
Animal Husbandry DepartmentThe Faculty of Agriculture, Syiah Kuala University 
associated with Animal Scientist's Society of Indonesia (HILPI)
Jl. Tgk. Hasan Krueng Kalee No. 3, Kopelma Darussalam,
Banda Aceh, 23111, Indonesia.
Phone: +62-81383736633
Email: samadi177@unsyiah.ac.id & info.agripet@gmail.com


Online Submissions & Guidelines Editorial Policies | Contact Statistics Indexing | Citations