Kepedulian Pekerja Penanganan Bahan di Supermarket X pada Ergonomi

guntarti tatik mulyati, Makhmudun Ainuri

Abstract


Manual material handling activities are still widely practiced in various industries, including supermarkets. Various products in supermarkets are moved with hand truck aids. This tool is used to ease of workers to avoid the risk of MSDs (musculoskeletal disorders) and LBP (low back pain). Workers' who concerns about work ergonomics, materials handling tools and their working environments can reduce the risk of MSDs and LBPs. In this paper we will examine how much the workers care about themselves, their tools, environment and their relation to work physiology of workers.

Workers' concerns were identified using a Likert scale questionnaire with 5 scale of interest. Self-awareness is linked to an understanding of ergonomics, to hand tools used everyday and to the work environment. Occupational physiology is reflected in the pain experienced by workers as job impacts identified using Nordic Body Map (NBM), and work posture using OWAS (Ovako Working Posture Analysis System).

The material handling worker assigned to move the product from supplier vehicle to warehouse or to showroom by hand truck. The survey results that the worker's concerned not so high on his ergonomics. The body map shows that before working the worker felt pain all over his body and got more pain after work. Worker's work posture varies substantially in category 1-2 which means that in this musculoskeletal system the work attitude results in significant tension influences requiring future improvement.

Keywords


hand truck; supermarket; ergonomics; MSDs (musculoskeletal disorders); LBP (low back pain)

Full Text:

PDF

References


Berndsen, M. B. 1990. Appliances for Paviours: An Evaluation of Purchase and Use. Ergonomics ISSN: 0014-0139, 33(January 2015), 361–366.

Dachlan LM., 2009, Pengaruh Back Exercise pada Nyeri Punggung Bawah. Tesis. Universitas Sebelas Maret, Surakarta.

Garg, A., T. Waters, J. Kapellusch, & W. Karwowski. (2014). Psychophysical basis for maximum pushing and pulling forces: A review and recommendations. International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics, 44(2), 281–291.

Luttman, A., M. Jagger, B. Griefahn, G Caffier, F. Liebers, U. Steinberg, 2003, Preventing Musculoskeletal Disorder in the Workplace, World Health Organization.

Mack, K., Haslegrave, C.M., Gray, M.I., 1995. Usability of manual handling aids for transporting materials. Dalam jurnal AppliedErgonomics 26, Hal: 353–364.

Muslimah, E., Sugiharto dan Wijaya, A,R., 2008, Analisis Terhadap Beban Angkat Pekerja Berdasarkan Gaya Tekan di Tulang Belakang, National Conference On Applied Ergonomics 2008, Yogyakarta

Mustafa, S.A., S Kamaruddin, Z Othman and M Mokhtar, 2009, Ergonomics Awareness and Identifying Frequently Used Ergonomics Programs in Mnufacturing Industries Using Quality Function Deployment, American Journal of Scientific Research (3), pp 51-66.

Raihanah, R. Setyaningrum dan R Fakhriadi, 2012, Hubungan Teknik Mengangkat Beban Terhadap Keluhan Low Back Pain Pada Buruh Pasar Harum Manis Ii Banjarmasin, Seminar Nasional Ergonomi 2012, Bandung

Setyawan, A.D., Guntarti TM, dan Suharno, 2017, Analisis Produktivitas Aktivitas Penanganan Bahan Di Supermarket X, Kota Yogyakarta, Skripsi Departemen Teknologi Industri Pertanian, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, UGM Yogyakarta

Shidqie. Fs., Guntarti TM, M. Affan FF., 2017, Analisis Performansi Hand truck Pada Penanganan Bahan Di Supermarket X Yogyakarta, Skripsi Departemen Teknologi Industri Pertanian, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian, UGM Yogyakarta

Sule, D.R. 2008. Manufacturing Facilities: Location, Planning, and Design. Edisi ketiga. CRC Press. New York.

Sutjana, D.P. dan I.D.A.I.D. Primayanti, 2012, Respon Masyarakat Industri Terhadap Penerapan Ergonomi, Seminar Nasional Ergonomi 2012, Bandung




DOI: https://doi.org/10.17969/jtipi.v9i2.9000

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons LicenseISSN: 1411-4623E-ISSN: 2460-4534
Copyright© 2009-2018 | ISSN: 2085-4927 | EISSN: 2442-7020 
JTIPI is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

 

Published by: 
Agricultural Product TechnologyThe Faculty of Agriculture, Syiah Kuala University 
Address: 
Jl. Tgk. Hasan Krueng Kalee No. 3, Kopelma Darussalam,
Banda Aceh, 23111, Indonesia.
Email: JTIPI@unsyiah.ac.id


Online Submissions & Guidelines Editorial Policies | Contact Statistics Indexing | Citations