Utilization of Siwalan (Borassus flabellifer L.) Plantation Waste for Kraft Paper Production

Azmi Alvian Gabriel, Yunita Siti Mardhiyyah


Borassus flabellifer L., one of the palm-based commodities in Indonesia which is grows in dry areas especially around the north coast of Java Island. An abundant waste of this plant is a leaf midrib and fruit fiber have an opportunity as a source of lignocellulose for the paper industry. In this study, Kraft paper production was conducted to know the influence of the proportion of Borassus flabellifer L. leaf midrib pulp and fruit fiber pulp, and the concentration of Polyvinyl Acetate (PVAc) adhesives on the sensory and physical quality of kraft paper. The research method used was Randomized Block Design (RBD) with two factors. The Friedman test was used to determine the sensory quality of kraft paper. The physical quality of kraft paper was used ANOVA analysis. The results showed that the treatment of raw material proportion and PVAc adhesive concentration had significant effect on color, surface texture, yield, and tensile resistance, but not significantly different between treatment of gramature and tear resistance. The best treatment of sensory tests was kraft paper with proportion of leaf midrib pulp 50% and fruit fiber pulp 50% and a 7.5% PVAc adhesive concentration. It has a yield value of 72.11%, gramature of 162.80 g/m2, tensile strength of 1.70 %, and tear resistance of 197.6 gf.


Agriculture waste, Borassus flabellifer L., Kraft paper, Polyvinyl Acetate, Product design

Full Text:



[CSA dan RDPA]. Central Statistical Agencies (CSA) and Regional Development Planning Agency (RDPA) of Tuban Regency, 2007.

Akgul A, Kırcı H. 2002. Production of dissolving grade pulp from poplar wood by ethanol-water process. Turk. J. Agric. For. 26: 239-245.

Fajriani, E. 2010. Application of Adhesives in The Making of Laminate Wood. Final Practicum Report. Department of Forest Products Faculty of Forestry. IPB. Bogor.

Hidayati, S., Zulferiyenni, Otik N. 2011. Bleaching Pulp Process Based on Sugar Cane: Bamboo Using Peracetic Acid. Proceedings: National Seminar on Science & Technology - IV, Marcopolo Hotel, Bandar Lampung, pp. 727-739

Johansson A, Altonen O, Ylinen P (1987). Organasolv Pulping Methods and Pulping Properties. Biomass, 13(15): 45-52.

Hagiopol, C. and Johnston J. W. 2012. Modern Papermaking. Georgoa-Pacific Chemical LLC. Boca Raton.

Lopez F, Ariza J, Perez I, Jimenez L (2000). Comparative study of paper sheets from olive tree wood pulp obtained by soda, sulphide or kraft pulping. Bioresour. Technol. 71: 83 86.

Mulyana H, Agus B, Sutedja W, and Andoyo S. 2007. Efficiency of Pulp Kraft RDH (Rapid Displacement Heating) Bleaching Process Using ECF ECF (Elementally Chlorine Free) Method. Proceedings of the National Seminar on Postharvest Innovative Technology for the Development of Agricultural-Based Industries. Center for Research and Development Post Harvest Agriculture IPB. Bogor. pp. 772-784

Palupi, N. S. 1995. Effect of Coating Process and Wood Fiber Composition on Quality of Glassine Paper. Faculty of Agricultural Technology. IPB. Bogor.

Sjostrom, E., and Alen, R. 1999. Analytical Methods in Wood Chemistry, Pulping, and Papermaking. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. New York.

Sidebang, E. 2008. Preparation and Characterization of Paper Made from Used Cemented Pockets with Oil Palm Pulp. Thesis. Graduate School. University of Northern Sumatra. Medan.

Smook GA. 2000. Handbook for Pulp and Paper Technologists. Angulus Wilde Publications, Vancouver, Bellingham.

Sutiya, B., Wiwin T. I., dan Adi R. 2012. Chemical Content and Fiber Property of Imperata (Imperata Cylindrica) As An Illustration Of Pulp And Paper Raw Materials. Bioscientiae 9(1): 8-19.

Vengaiah P.C., Murthy G.N., Sattiraju M., and Maheswarappa H.P. 2017. Value Added Food Products from Palmyra Palm (Borassus flabellifer L.). Journal of Nutrition and Health Science. Volume 4 | Issue 1.

Vinodhini, S. and Malathy, N. S. 2009. Bioprospecting of Plants Fibre of Coimbatore District of Tamil Nadu. International Journal of Plant Sciences Vol 4 Issue 2: 444-445.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17969/jtipi.v11i1.12111


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons LicenseISSN: 1411-4623E-ISSN: 2460-4534
Copyright© 2009-2018 | ISSN: 2085-4927 | EISSN: 2442-7020 
JTIPI is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Published by: 
Agricultural Product TechnologyThe Faculty of Agriculture, Syiah Kuala University 
Jl. Tgk. Hasan Krueng Kalee No. 3, Kopelma Darussalam,
Banda Aceh, 23111, Indonesia.
Email: JTIPI@unsyiah.ac.id

Online Submissions & Guidelines Editorial Policies | Contact Statistics Indexing | Citations