Guide For Authors

Language and Format Structure of the Manuscript References Tables and Figures


A. Language and Format

All manuscript should be written in good American English. If recommend by Editor or those who feel their English language manuscript may require editing to eliminate possible grammatical or spelling errors and to conform to correct scientific English should use provisional English Language Editing service. Author should ensure the contents are written free from bias, stereotypes, slang, reference to dominant culture and/or cultural assumptions. All manuscript submitted to TIGH should be written in gender neutrality and avoid using “we conducted a study” instead “a study was conducted”.

TIGH accepts free format submission. During initial submission, TIGH does not have strict formatting requirements, but all manuscripts must contain the required sections: Author Information, Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Methods, Results, Conclusions, Declarations, Tables and Figures with captions (if any). Please follow the requirements based on the types of the submission (Original article or Review). When your manuscript reaches the revision stage, you will be requested to format the manuscript according to the journal guidelines.

B. Structure of the Manuscript

Original Article

Original article on all aspects of infection, public health, global health, tropical disease, one health, and diseases in tropics are welcome. The format for Original Article as follow:

Title page

Tittle page should contain:

Title: Should be concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.
Author names and affiliations: Please clearly indicate the given name(s) and family name(s) of each author and check that all names are accurately spelled. Present the authors' affiliation addresses below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter immediately after the author's name and in front of the appropriate addr
Corresponding author(s): Clearly indicate who will handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication and post-publicat
Present address: If an author has moved since the work described in the article was done, or was visiting at the time, a 'Present address' may be indicated as a footnote to that author's name. The address at which the author actually did the work must be retained as the main, affiliation address. Superscript Arabic numerals are used for such footnotes.

Abstract

A concise non-structured abstract is required. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. Abstract must be able to stand alone. References should be avoided. Non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself.

Key Words

Five key words should be listed after the abstract. Key words should be self-sufficient to allow the classification of the paper by subject area and to function as heads in a volume’s index of keywords. Choose them according to Index Medicus, do not merely duplicate words from the title.

Introduction

State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.

Methods

Please provide sufficient detail to allow the work to be reproduced. If the study using a reagent, details of supplier should be provided when appropriate. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference and only relevant modifications should be described. For epidemiology, details of setting, time and place should be provided.

Results

Results should be clear and concise. Tables and figures are preferred.

Discussion

This section discuss the significance of the results of the study. Please avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature, rather explain discussion of the explanation of the results.

Conclusions

The main conclusions of the study should be stated briefly based on the results of the study. Please avoid to cite the previous study.

Declarations

This section should include as follow:

Competing interests: A competing interests statement should be provided, even if the authors have no competing interests to declare. If no conflict exists, authors should state: “The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest”.

Acknowledgements: Acknowledgements should be placed at the end of the article before the references. List here those individuals who provided help during the research such as providing language help, writing assistance or proof reading the article and others.

Funding: List funding sources in this standard way to facilitate compliance to funder's requirements. It is not necessary to include detailed descriptions on the program or type of grants and awards. When funding is from a block grant or other resources available to a university, college, or other research institution, submit the name of the institute or organization that provided the funding. If no funding has been provided for the research, please include the following sentence: “This study did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.”

References

Reference citations are not permitted in the abstract of a paper. Author are responsible for the accuracy of all literature citations. Please see details of Reference section how to cite and prepare to reference list. Authors also recommended to see the published article as example.

Table

Tables should be submitted as editable text and not as images and should be placed on separate page(s) at the end. Please refer Table and Figures Section for detailed information.

Figure

All figures should use Arial font and all figures should be created in high quality. Please refer Table and Figures Section for detailed information.

Review Article

Review article on interesting topics to provide new insight and new prospective in several aspects of infection, public health, global health, tropical disease, one health, and diseases in tropics are welcome. The format for Review articles as follow:

Abstract

A concise non-structured abstract is required. The abstract should state briefly the background and aim of the review. References should be avoided. Non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their first mention in the abstract itself.

Key Words

Five key words should be listed after the abstract. Key words should be self-sufficient to allow the classification of the paper by subject area and to function as heads in a volume’s index of keywords. Choose them according to Index Medicus, do not merely duplicate words from the title.

Introduction

State the adequate background and give the aim of the review as well as structure of review.

Main body

This section contains the review of the topic discussion of

Conclusions

The main conclusions of the study should be stated briefly based on the results of the study. Please avoid to cite the previous study.

Declarations

Competing interests: A competing interests statement should be provided, even if the authors have no competing interests to declare. If no conflict exists, authors should state: “The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest”.

Acknowledgements: Acknowledgements should be placed at the end of the article before the references. List here those individuals who provided help during the research such as providing language help, writing assistance or proof reading the article and others.

Funding: List funding sources in this standard way to facilitate compliance to funder's requirements. It is not necessary to include detailed descriptions on the program or type of grants and awards. When funding is from a block grant or other resources available to a university, college, or other research institution, submit the name of the institute or organization that provided the funding. If no funding has been provided for the research, please include the following sentence: “This study did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.”

References

Reference citations are not permitted in the abstract of a paper. Author are responsible for the accuracy of all literature citations. Please see details of Reference section how to cite and prepare to reference list. Authors also recommended to see the published article as example.

Table

Tables should be submitted as editable text and not as images and should be placed on separate page(s) at the end. Please refer Table and Figures Section for detailed information.

Figure

All figures should use Arial font and all figures should be created in high quality. Please refer Table and Figures Section for detailed information.

C. References

References should be listed numerically in the text in the order of appearance as parenthesized consecutive numbers, e.g., [1, 2]. Where there are more than two references, the citation should appear as hyphenated numbers, e.g., [1–3]. References should be typed in numerical order of citation. Abbreviations of journals should conform to those used in Medline. The following formats must be used:

  1. Article within a journal (with 6 authors or more than 6 authors)
    1. Restrepo MI, Reyes LF, Anzueto A. Complication of community-acquired pneumonia (including cardiac complications). Semin Respir Crit Care Med. 2016;37:897–904.
    2. van der Hooft CS, Heeringa J, van Herpen G, Kors JA, Kingma JH, Stricker BH. Drug-induced atrial fibrillation. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2004;44:2117–24.
    3. Violi F, Carnevale R, Calvieri C, et al. Nox2 up-regulation is associated with an enhanced risk of atrial fibrillation in patients with pneumonia. Thorax. 2015;70:961–6.
  2. Article within a journal with no page numbers
    Rohrmann S, Overvad K, Bueno-de-Mesquita HB, Jakobsen MU, Egeberg R, Tjønneland A, et al. Meat consumption and mortality - results from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition. BMC Medicine. 2013;11:63.
  3. Article within a journal by DOI
    Slifka MK, Whitton JL. Clinical implications of dysregulated cytokine production. Dig J Mol Med. 2000; doi:10.1007/s801090000086.
  4. Article within a journal supplement
    Frumin AM, Nussbaum J, Esposito M. Functional asplenia: demonstration of splenic activity by bone marrow scan. Blood 1979;59 Suppl 1:26-32.
  5. Book chapter, or an article within a book
    Wyllie AH, Kerr JFR, Currie AR. Cell death: the significance of apoptosis. In: Bourne GH, Danielli JF, Jeon KW, editors. International review of cytology. London: Academic; 1980. p. 251-306.
  6. Complete book, authored
    Blenkinsopp A, Paxton P. Symptoms in the pharmacy: a guide to the management of common illness. 3rd ed. Oxford: Blackwell Science; 1998.
  7. University site
    Doe, J. Title of preprint. http://www.uni-heidelberg.de/mydata.html (1999). Accessed 25 Dec 1999.
  8. Organization site
    ISSN International Centre. The ISSN register. http://www.issn.org (2006). Accessed 20 Feb 2007.

D. Tables and Figures

Tables should be submitted as editable text and not as images and should be placed on separate page(s) at the end. Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text and place any table notes below the table body. Please ensure that the data presented tables do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article. Please avoid using vertical rules and shading in table cells.

All figures should use Arial font and all figures should be created in high quality. If the figures are created in Microsoft Office application (Word, PowerPoint, Excel) then please supply 'as is' in the native document format and placed in the end of the manuscript after tables. If the figures are created using a non-Microsoft Office program, the figure should be converted as images in TIFF or JPEG at a minimum of 300 dpi. TIGH Editor has right to request authors to revise the figures if required.