Enhancing grammar competence of vocational school students through the Omygram learning chart

Ruhiana Idayu Abd Hamid, Tee Tze Kiong, Lutfiah Natrah Abbas, Noor Syuhaili Mohd. Rusly, Farah Najwa Ahmad Puad

Abstract


Various methods and approaches have been used to support English learning. However, there is still a lack of information on how the grammar competence of vocational students can be improved in the Malaysian context. This study aims to build the Omygram learning chart and identify its effects on the achievement level of the students in Program Vokasional Menengah Atas (PVMA), or the upper-secondary vocational programme, on their English grammar competence. The study involved two secondary schools in Johor, Malaysia, employing a quasi-experimental design. A descriptive analysis from SPSS showed the increment in the mean score for the post-test of the treatment group of 5.58, higher than the control group (0.33) after the intervention was applied. The results of t-test showed no significant difference in achievement between pre-test and post-test for the control group [p = 0.504, (p> 0.05)]. On the other hand, the result of the t-test for the treatment group showed a significant difference in achievement between the pre-test and post-test [p = 0.000, (p<0.05)]. Students’ motivation after using the Omygram learning chart was also high. In conclusion, the development of the Omygram learning chart is proven to effectively increase students’ achievement in English. This confirms that developing learning aids improves students’ grammar competence and motivates them to learn the language better.  As a result, the goal of producing a skilled workforce in TVET (Technical Education and Vocational Training) and possessing soft skills will be more achievable.


Keywords


achievement; grammar competence; Omygram learning chart, motivation; Program Vokasional Menengah Atas (PVMA)

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aarts, B., Clayton, D., & Wallis, S. (2012). Bridging the grammar gap: teaching English grammar to the iPhone generation. English Today, 28(1), 3-8. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0266078411000599

Abu Bakar, N. I., Noordin, N., & Razali, A. B. (2019). Improving oral communicative competence in English using Project-Based Learning activities. English Language Teaching, 12(4), 73-84. https://doi.org/10.5539/elt.v12n4p73

Al-Harbi, S. S., & Alshumaimeri, Y. A. (2016). The flipped classroom impact in grammar class on EFL Saudi secondary school students’ performances and attitudes. English Language Teaching, 9(10), 60-80. https://doi.org/10.5539/elt.v9n10p60

AlAli, A. B., Griffin, M. F., Calonge, W. M., & Butler, P. E. (2018). Evaluating the use of cleft lip and palate 3D-printed models as a teaching aid. Journal of Surgical Education, 75(1), 200-208. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsurg.2017.07.023

Albalawi, F. S. (2016). Investigating the effect of grammatical differences between English (L2) and Arabic (L1) on Saudi female students’ writing of English. ESJ: European Scientific Journal, 12(14), 185-197. https://doi.org/10.19044/esj.2016.v12n14p185

Aminova, N. (2016). Teaching English grammar through interactive methods. Bulletin of Science and Practice, 466, 437-439. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.55950

Arora, B., & Kumar, N. S. (2019). Automatic keyword extraction and crossword generation tool for Indian languages: SEEKH. In M. Chang, R. Rajendran, Kinshuk, S. Murthy, & V. Kamat (Eds.), Proceedings of IEEE 10th International Conference on Technology for Education (T4E 2019) (pp. 272-273). https://doi.org/10.1109/T4E.2019.00070

Baharudin, N. A. A., & Md. Yunus, M. (2018). GRAMMODO: A platform in learning grammar among ESL learners in Malaysia. Innovation for Sustainable Growth, Series 1, 106-108.

Basca, V. N. (2020, November 7). The integration of ICT in the teaching and learning process for the L2 learners [Online paper presentation]. 10th MELTA International Conference in English Language Education.

Beaudoin, M. (2004). A principle-based approach to teaching grammar on the web. ReCALL, 16(2), 462-474. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0958344004001429

Buch, R., Säfvenbom, R., & Boe, O. (2015). The relationships between academic self-efficacy, intrinsic motivation, and perceived competence. Journal of Military Studies, 6(1), 19-35. https://doi.org/10.1515/jms-2016-0195

Campos, C. L. (2020). Get into the game: Experiences of students on using online games in vocabulary learning [Online paper presentation]. 10th MELTA International Conference in English Language Education.

Chang, S.-C. (2011). A contrastive study of grammar translation method and communicative approach in teaching English grammar. English Language Teaching, 4(2), 13-24. https://doi.org/10.5539/elt.v4n2p13

Che Musa, N., Koo, Y. L., & Azman, H. (2012). Exploring English language learning and teaching in Malaysia. GEMA: Online Journal of Language Studies, 12(1), 35-51.

Chen, C. H., & Law, V. (2016). Scaffolding individual and collaborative game-based learning in learning performance and intrinsic motivation. Computers in Human Behavior, 55, 1201-1212. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2015.03.010

Chiou, B. (2019). The application of problem-based learning approach in English grammar instruction: A pilot study. Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 10(3), 446-453. https://doi.org/10.17507/jltr.1003.06

Chung, S. F. (2006). A communicative approach to teaching grammar: Theory and practice. The English Teacher, XXXIV, 33-50.

Cohen, L., Manion, L., & Morrison, K. (2000). Research methods in education. Routledge Falmer.

Creswell, J. W., & Creswell, J. D. (2018). Research design (5th ed.). Sage.

Dağtan, E., & Cabaroğlu, N. (2021). Status of English speaking skills in Turkish ELT departments: A nationwide survey. Eurasian Journal of Applied Linguistics, 7(1), 359-382. https://doi.org/10.32601/ejal.911454

Dandu, G., Charyulu, G. M., Rao, V. C. S., Hussain, S. S., & Latha, M. (2020). Enhancing English speaking skills among MBA rural area students for better employability during the course. Journal of Critical Reviews, 7(5), 485-490.

Darus, S., & Subramaniam, K. (2009). Error analysis of the written English essays of secondary school students in Malaysia: A case study. European Journal of Social Sciences, 8(3), 483-495.

De Andrade, D., & Fachada, N. (2021, June 26- July 1). PyXYZ: An educational 3D wireframe engine in Python. ITiCSE ‘21: Proceedings of the 26th ACM Conference on Innovation and Technology in Computer Science Education (pp. 519-525). https://doi.org/10.1145/3430665.3456345

Ekaningsih, N. (2017). Enhancing students’ English grammar ability with online website link. Journal of English Education, Literature, and Culture, 2(2), 431-444. http://dx.doi.org/10.30659/e.2.2.431-444

Fanani, A., & Fathoni, M. (2021). Error analysis on the students’ construction of English irregular plural nouns. New Language Dimensions, 2(2), 78-87. https://doi.org/10.26740/nld.v2n2.p79-87

Fishbein, M., & Ajzen, I. (1975). Belief, attitudes, intention, and behavior: An introduction to theory and research. Addison-Wesley.

Harun, H., & Abdullah, M. K. K. (2020). Errors in writing made by Malaysian rural primary school pupils. Studies in English Language and Education, 7(2), 438-456. https://doi.org/10.24815/siele.v7i2.17009

Hughes, J. (2016). Robotic rescue simulation for computing teaching in the UK: A case study. In Proceedings of 2016 IEEE Global Engineering Education Conference (EDUCON) (pp. 1051-1055). https://doi.org/10.1109/EDUCON.2016.7474683

Ismail, M. E., Sa’Adan, N., Samsudin, M. A., Hamzah, N., Razali, N., & Mahazir, I. I. (2018). Implementation of the gamification concept using KAHOOT! among TVET students: An observation. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 1140, 012013. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/1140/1/012013

Jamil, A. (2002). Pemupukan budaya penyelidikan di kalangan guru sekolah: Satu penilaian [Fostering a culture of inquiry among school teachers: An assessment]. Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia.

Jong, B., & Tan, K. H. (2021). Using Padlet as a technological tool for assessment of students writing skills in online classroom settings. International Journal of Education and Practice, 9(2), 411-423. https://doi.org/10.18488/journal.61.2021.92.411.423

Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia. (2013). Pelan pembangunan pendidikan Malaysia 2013-2025 [Malaysian education blueprint 2013-2025]. https://www.moe.gov.my/muat-turun/penerbitan-dan-jurnal/1818-pelan-pembangunan-pendidikan-2013-2025

Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia. (2020). Laporan analisis keputusan peperiksaan SPM tahun 2020 [Malaysian certificate of education examination results analysis report year 2020]. https://www.moe.gov.my/pemberitahuan/pengumuman/laporan-analisis-keputusan-peperiksaan-sijil-pelajaran-malaysia-2020

Lazim, S. E. (2020). Enhancing knowledge retention through reflective journal: Kolb’s experiential learning cycle in a kampung primary school [Online paper presentation]. 10th MELTA International Conference in English Language Education.

Lu, H. K., Lin, P. C., & Chen, A. N. (2017). An empirical study of behavioral intention model: Using learning and teaching styles as individual differences. Journal of Discrete Mathematical Sciences and Cryptography, 20(1), 19-41. https://doi.org/10.1080/09720529.2016.1177968

Mahbub, M. A. (2018). English teaching in vocational high school: A need analysis. Journal of English Education and Linguistics Studies, 5(2), 229-258.

Mortazavi, M. A., & Barjesteh, H. (2016). Exploring EFL learners’ preferences, perceived needs, and perceptions about language learning strategies. Journal of Language Teaching and Research, 7(6), 1128-1135. https://doi.org/10.17507/jltr.0706.10

Moses, R. N., & Mohamad, M. (2019). Challenges faced by students and teachers on writing skills in ESL contexts: A literature review. Creative Education, 10(13), 3385-3391. https://doi.org/10.4236/ce.2019.1013260

Nathan, S., & Renganathan, S. (2020). Teaching English in rural schools: Preparations, expectations, and challenges [Online paper presentation]. 10th MELTA International Conference in English Language Education.

Pratiwi, K. D. (2015). Students ‘ difficulties in writing English : A study at the third semester students of English education program at University of Bengkulu. E-Journal Universitas Bengkulu, 1(2), 1-13.

Reeve, J., Nix, G., & Hamm, D. (2003). Testing models of the experience of self-determination in intrinsic motivation and the conundrum of choice. Journal of Education Psychology, 95(2), 375-392. https://doi.org/10.1037/0022-0663.95.2.375

Rosli, N. N., Bahari, F. A., Azman, M. N. A., Kiong, T. T., & Jumintono, J. (2018). Keberkesanan ABM pasang bongkar rak alat tulis dalam merangsang psikomotor murid bermasalah pembelajaran tahap 3 dan 4 [The effectiveness of ABM install and disassemble stationery racks in stimulating the psychomotor skills of students with learning difficulties level 3 and 4]. Sains Humanika, 10(3-3). https://doi.org/10.11113/sh.v10n3-3.1521

Selvan, Y. M., & Renganathan, S. (2020). Teacher-trainees’ experiences and challenges in using language games to teach English [Online paper presentation]. 10th MELTA International Conference in English Language Education.

Shroff, R. H., & Keyes, C. J. (2017). A proposed framework to understand the intrinsic motivation factors on university students’ behavioral intention to use a mobile application for learning. Journal of Information Technology Education, 16, 143-168. https://doi.org/10.28945/3694

Sorohiti, M., & Aini, E. N. (2021). Grammar teaching materials: What makes them interesting? In Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Sustainable Innovation 2020-Social, Humanity, and Education (ICoSIHESS 2020), (pp. 270-277. Atlantis Press. https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.210120.135

Sudirman, A., Gemilang, A. V., & Kristanto, T. M. A. (2021). The power of reflective journal writing for university students from the EFL perspective. Studies in English Language and Education, 8(3), 1061-1079. https://doi.org/10.24815/siele.v8i3.19105

Ta, G. C., Amir Sultan, M. M., Lee, K. E., Mokhtar, M., Tan, L. L., Omar, A. S., Omar, M. N., & Sulkafle, N. H. (2020). A proposed integrated framework for chemical safety and chemical security. Journal of Chemical Education, 97(7), 1769-1774. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jchemed.9b00999

Ting, S. H., Marzuki, E., Chuah, K. M., Misieng, J., & Jerome, C. (2017). Employers’ views on the importance of English proficiency and communication skill for employability in Malaysia. Indonesian Journal of Applied Linguistics, 7(2), 315-327. https://doi.org/10.17509/ijal.v7i2.8132

Yew, L. K. (2008). Language, culture and literacy: Meaning-making in global contexts. Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Fakulti Sains Sosial dan Kemanusiaan.

Yusob, K. F. (2018). Challenges of teaching grammar at tertiary level: Learning from English lecturers’ insights. e-Academia Journal, 7(1), 149-158.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24815/siele.v9i2.23328

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Print ISSN: 2355-2794, Online ISSN: 2461-0275

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.