Adjective clauses in the -er suffix of occupation definitions in online dictionaries

Erina Andriani, Barli Bram

Abstract


Learners’ dictionaries are often intended to assist students with distinct proficiency levels. However, few studies have shown how dictionaries with different intended users were compared. This paper aimed to compare and contrast adjective clauses in -er suffix occupation definitions in two online dictionaries. Data, consisting of 33 occupation words with the suffix -er, such as ‘barber’ and ‘waiter’, were collected from the online Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English (LDOCE) and the online Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary (OALD) using purposive sampling. The data were analysed using syntactic analysis, focusing on the components of adjective clauses. The results showed the head noun of the adjective clauses differed; LDOCE used pronouns most frequently (80.6%), while OALD used noun phrases only (100%). The relative pronoun ‘who’ was used more frequently in LDOCE (48.4%) and ‘whose’ in OALD (62.5%). Transitive verbs were used the most in LDOCE (48.4%), but in OALD, it was linking verbs (57.9%). The additional information that affected the length of the adjective clauses was longer in OALD compared to LDOCE. The study results provide pedagogical implications for English learning-teaching by utilizing online dictionaries. English teachers and learners are encouraged to integrate dictionaries into the learning-teaching activities.

Keywords


adjective clause; -er suffix; Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English; Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abalkheel, A. M. (2020). What to choose amongst dictionaries for the linguistics student: A review of the American Heritage College Dictionary and the Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary. Arab World English Journal, 11(3), 537-548. https://doi.org/10.24093/awej/vol11no3.35

Alahmadi, A., & Foltz, A. (2020). Exploring the effect of lexical inferencing and dictionary consultation on undergraduate EFL students’ vocabulary acquisition. PLoS ONE, 15(7), e0236798. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0236798

Ary, D., Jacobs, L. C., Sorensen, C., & Razavieh, A. (2010). Introduction to research in education (8th ed.). Wadsworth.

Azar, B. (1999). Understanding and using English grammar. Pearson Education.

Biber, D. (2004). Compressed noun-phrase structures in newspaper discourse: The competing demands of popularization vs. economy. In J. Aitchison & D. Lewis (Eds.), New media language (pp. 169-181). Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203696965

Burton-Roberts, N. (2016). Analyzing sentence: An introduction to English syntax (4th ed.). Routledge.

Chan, A. Y. W. (2017). The effectiveness of using a bilingualized dictionary for determining noun countability and article selection. Lexikos, 27, 183-213. https://doi.org/10.5788/27-1-1399

Conti, G. (2011). Defining a rule for the use of infinitive and gerund complements. English Language Teaching, 4(3), 3-13. https://doi.org/10.5539/elt.v4n3p3

Crystal, D. (1987). A dictionary of linguistics and phonetics. Basil Blackwell.

Dziemianko, A. (2015). Colours in online dictionaries: A case of functional labels. International Journal of Lexicography, 28(1), 27-61. https://doi.org/10.1093/ijl/ecu028

Frank, M. (1972). Modern English. Prentice Hall, Inc.

Hamsa, A. & Weda, S. (2019). Comparative study in Indonesian and English: Identifying linguistic units of comparison. The Asian EFL Journal, 25(5.2), 96-110.

Haryanti, S., & Setyandari, A, (2018). Students’ difficulties in mastering clauses. International Journal of Active Learning, 3(1), 39-49.

Hill, F., Korhonen, A., Cho, K., & Bengio, Y. (2016). Learning to understand phrases by embedding the dictionary. Transactions of the Association for Computational Linguistics, 4, 17-30. https://doi.org/10.48550/arXiv.1504.00548

Hoey, M. (1995). A clause-relational analysis of selected dictionary entries: Contrast and compatibility in the definitions of ‘man’ and ‘woman’. In C. R. Caldas-Coulthard & M. Coulthard (Eds.), Texts and practices: Readings in Critical Discourse Analysis (pp. 150-165). Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203431382

Jin, L., & Deifell, E. (2013). Foreign language learners’ use and perception of online dictionaries: A survey study. MERLOT: Journal of Online Learning and Teaching, 9(4), 515-533.

Kawaletz, L. & Plag, I. (2015). Predicting the semantics of English nominalizations: A frame-based analysis of -ment suffixation. In L. Bauer, P. Štekauer & L. Körtvélyessy (Eds.), Semantics of complex words (pp. 289-319). Springer.

Kizi, B. S. U. (2020). 8 best online dictionaries for learning English. European Journal of Research and Reflection in Educational Sciences, 8(2), 45-49.

Lambert, M. (2012). A beginner′ s guide to doing your education research project. Sage.

Lew, R. (2012). How can we make electronic dictionaries more effective? In S. Granger & M. Paquot (Eds.), Electronic Lexicography (pp. 343-361). Oxford University Press.

Li, L., & Xu, H. (2015). Using an online dictionary for identifying the meanings of verb phrases by Chinese EFL learners. Lexikos, 25, 191-209. https://doi.org/10.5788/25-1-1295

Ljubičić, G. M. (2018). Derivation in English: Names of professions and their translation into Serbian. Journal of Аrticles of the Faculty of Education in Užice, 21(20), 191-198.

Martini, I. D. A. K. (2016). Derivational of bound morpheme. International Research Journal of Management, IT & Social Sciences, 3(1), 15-22.

Nguyen, D., McGillivray, B., & Yasseri, T. (2018). Emo, love and god: Making sense of Urban Dictionary, a crowd-sourced online dictionary. Royal Society Open Science, 5(5), 172320. https://doi.org/10.1098/rsos.172320

O’Grady, W. (2010). An emergentist approach to syntax. In H. Narrog & B. Heine (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of linguistic analysis (pp. 257-283). Oxford University Press.

Osselton, N. E. (2007). Innovation and continuity in English learners’ dictionaries: The single-clause when-definition. International Journal of Lexicography, 20(4), 393-399. https://doi.org/10.1093/ijl/ecm034

Pakdel, F., & Khansir, A. A. (2017). Study of English clauses errors in syntactic structures of Iranian students. Language in India, 17(4), 103-117.

Ptasznik, B. (2020). Single-clause when-defining models in English monolingual pedagogical dictionaries. International Journal of Lexicography, 34(1), 112-134. https://doi.org/10.1093/ijl/ecaa021

Radford, A. (1997). Syntax: A minimalist introduction. Cambridge University Press.

Rice, D. R., & Zorn, C. (2018). Corpus-based dictionaries for sentiment analysis of specialized vocabularies. Political Science Research and Methods, 9(1), 20-35. https://doi.org/10.1017/psrm.2019.10

Rohmatillah. (2016). Dictionary usage in English language learning. English Education: Jurnal Tadris Bahasa Inggris, 9(1), 186-197.

Santoso, I., & Andriyadi. (2019). The use of My Dictionary application to improve students’ vocabulary mastery. ELTIN Journal, 7(1), 35-42. https://doi.org/10.22460/eltin.v7i1.p35-42

Satake, Y. (2018). The effects of dictionary use on L2 error correction. In H. Xu & S. Yamada (Eds.), The 12th International Conference of the Asian Association for Lexicography “Lexicography in the Digital World” (pp. 255-262). King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology Ladkrabang.

Subekti, A. S. (2017). A study of the mastery of complex sentences of pre-service English teachers. Ahmad Dahlan Journal of English Studies, 4(2), 21-26. https://doi.org/10.26555/adjes.v4i2.6399

Tulgar, A. T. (2017). Dictionary use of undergraduate students in foreign language departments in Turkey at present. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 5, 51-57. https://doi.org/10.13189/ujer.2017.051406

Utakrit, N., & Fama, P. (2020). Online dictionaries’ applications and associated linguistic topology categorized to support users: Systematic review. Information Technology Journal, 16(2), 38-50.

Wilson, S. R., Magdy, W., McGillivray. B., & Tyson, G. (2020). Embedding structured dictionary entries. In A. Rogers, J. Sedoc, & A. Rumshisky (Eds.), Proceedings of the First Workshop on Insights from Negative Results in NLP (pp. 117-125). Association of Computational Linguistics. https://doi.org/10.18653/v1/2020.insights-1.18




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24815/siele.v9i2.23032

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Print ISSN: 2355-2794, Online ISSN: 2461-0275

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.