High frequency words in English textbooks for Indonesian senior high schools

Rizki Meliani Rustan, Erna Andriyanti

Abstract


This content analysis study focused on three main purposes, including to analyse the High Frequency Words (HFWs) of Dolch’s list in reading texts from three English textbooks of Indonesian senior high schools, to analyse the language features of HFWs in reading texts of the English textbooks, and to propose strategies that can be used in teaching HFWs. The reading texts were grouped into three types including recount text, narrative text, and descriptive text. The reading texts were further analysed using an online word-counter to find out the HFWs of Dolch’s list in the texts. The findings show that there were 124 words found as the HFWs. The HFWs found were mostly articles, prepositions, pronouns, nouns, verbs, adverbs, adjectives, and conjunctions. Those were the most frequent words that should be known by students. Moreover, the language features of HFWs in each text were varied according to its context and the types of the texts. Hence, some strategies could be applied to facilitate English teachers in teaching HFWs, such as the word card strategy and direct teaching strategy, so that their students master the HFWs. The implication of this study also suggested textbook writers to provide additional content in textbooks such as the word list of HFWs.


Keywords


high frequency words; English textbook; Indonesian senior high schools

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ali, I. R. (2010). The correlation between students’ vocabulary mastery and reading comprehension [Unpublished bachelor’s thesis]. Universitas Islam Negeri Syarif Hidayatullah.

Alizadeh, I. (2016). Vocabulary teaching techniques: A review of common practices. International Journal of Research in English Education, 1(1), 23-30.

Ayuningtyas, D. (2011). Improving students’ vocabulary mastery through extensive reading activities at grade XI IPA 2 of SMA N 1 Pleret Bantul in the academic year of 2011/2012 [Unpublished bachelor’s thesis]. Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta.

Bentz, C., Alikaniotis, D., Samardziq, T., Buttery, P. (2017). Variation in word frequency distributions: Definitions, measures and implications for a corpus-based language typology. Journal of Quantitative Linguistics, 24(3), 128-162.

Betri, R. (2018). Content analysis of English textbook entitled Talk Active used by the senior high school (student’s book) [Unpublished bachelor’s thesis] Universitas Islam Negeri Sultan Thaha Saifuddin.

Brown, H. D. (2003). Language assessment: Principles and classroom practices. Longman.

Brown, T., & Bown, J. (2014). Teaching advanced language skills through global debate. Georgetown University Press.

Desiana, K., & Mahripah, S. (2018). Improving the reading comprehension ability through the use of Herringbone technique of XI grade students of SMA Negeri 11 Yogyakarta. English Language Teaching Journal, 7(6), 398-402.

Dilla, R. G. S., Damayanti, I., & Hati, G. M. (2017). The content analysis of Bahasa Inggris textbook for senior high school grade X published by Kemendikbud 2014. Journal of English Education and Teaching, 1(1), 1-8.

Faliyanti, E. (2015). The correlation between students’ vocabulary mastery and their interest in English toward reading comprehension in descriptive text. Premise Journal of English Education, 4(2), 68-76.

Gerot, L., & Wignell, P. (1994). Making sense of functional grammar. Gerd Stabler.

Grabe, W. (2014). Key issues in L2 reading development. In X. Deng & R. Seow (Eds.), Alternative pedagogies in the English language and communication classroom: Selected papers from The 4th Centre for English Language Communication (CELC) Symposium Proceedings (pp. 8-18). National University of Singapore.

Haspelmath, M. (2001). Word classes and part of speech. In N. J. Smelser & P. B. Baltes (Eds.). International encyclopaedia of the social and behavioural sciences (2nd eds.) (pp. 16538-16545). Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/B0-08-043076-7/02959-4

Hayes, C. (2016). The effects of sight word instruction on students’ reading abilities [Unpublished master’s thesis]. St. John Fisher College.

Hinzman, M., & Reed, D. K. (2018). Teaching sight words as a part of comprehensive reading instruction. IOWA Reading Research Center.

Johns, J. L. (1976). Updating the Dolch basic sight vocabulary. Reading Horizons, 16(2), 105-111.

Johns, J. L., & Wilke, K. H. (2018). High-frequency words: Some ways to teach and help students practice and learn them. Texas Journal of Literacy Education, 6(1), 3-13.

Katamba, F. (2005). English words. Taylor & Francis e-Library.

Kinasih, A. K. (2014). A content analysis on English textbooks for the tenth graders: Look Ahead an English course for senior high school students year X and Pathway to English for senior high school student grade X [Unpublished bachelor’s thesis]. Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta.

Marks, C. B., Doctorow, M. J., & Wittrock, M. C. (1974). Word frequency and reading comprehension. The Journal of Education Research, 67(6), 259-262.

Marzouk, N. (2008). Building fluency of sight words [Unpublished master’s thesis]. State University of New York.

Masrai, A. (2019). Vocabulary and reading comprehension revisited: Evidence for high-, mid-, and low-frequency vocabulary knowledge. SAGE Open, 9(2), 1-13.

Mayring, P. (2019). Qualitative content analysis: Demarcation, varieties, developments. Forum: Qualitative Social Research, 20(3), 1-26.

Moghadam, S. H., Zainal, Z., & Ghaderpour, M. (2012). A review on the important role of vocabulary knowledge in reading comprehension performance. Procedia: Social and Behavioural Sciences, 66, 555-563.

Mokhtar, A. A., Rawian, R. M., Yahaya, M. F., Abdullah, A., Mansor, M., Osman, M. I., Zakaria, Z. A., Murat, A., Nayan, S., & Mohamed, A. R. (2010). Vocabulary knowledge of adult ESL students. English Language Teaching, 3(1), 71-80.

Moohebat, M., Raj, R. G., Thorleuchter, D., & Kareem, S. B. A. (2017). Linguistic feature classifying and tracing. Malaysian Journal of Computer Science, 30(2), 77-90.

Murray, C. M., & Kelly, M. P. (2018, March 11-12). The first 100 high-frequency words list: Building fluency in delayed readers [Conference abstract]. ECAE’s 3rd International Conference on Educational Neuroscience. Abu Dhabi, Uni Emirate Arab.

Mustafa, F. (2019). English vocabulary size of Indonesian high school graduates: Curriculum expectation and reality. Indonesian Journal of English Language Teaching and Applied Linguistics, 3(2), 357-371.

Nation, P. (1990). Teaching and learning vocabulary. Newbury House.

Nation, P. (2000). Learning vocabulary in another language. Cambridge University Press.

Pajo, M. N. (2017). Using games to improve vocabulary knowledge of the eleventh grade students of senior high school [Unpublished bachelor’s thesis]. Universitas Sanata Dharma Yogyakarta.

Schleppegrell, M. J. (2001). Linguistic features of the language of schooling. Linguistics and Education, 12(4), 431-459.

Schmitt, N. (2000). Vocabulary in language teaching. Cambridge University Press.

Thomas, L. (1993). Beginning syntax. Blackwell.

Trisnasih, A. S. (2017). Improving reading comprehension ability of XI grade students of SMA Negeri 1 Tawangsari through the implementation of Collaborative Strategic Reading in the Academic Year of 2015/2016. English Language Teaching Journal, 6(1), 13-16.

Wardani & Myla, N. (2015). Teaching vocabulary to young students using flashcard AT BA Aisyiyah Kadilangu in 2014/2015 academic year [Unpublished bachelor’s thesis]. Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24815/siele.v8i1.18141

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Print ISSN: 2355-2794, Online ISSN: 2461-0275

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.