Critical discourse analysis on women’s position in prohaba daily news texts

Eva Evianda, Ramli Ramli, Mohd Harun

Abstract


This research aimed to describe womens position in Prohaba Daily News texts based on Sara Mills and Theo van Leeuwen perspective of critical discourse analysis, especially the analysis of actor position, exclusion and inclusion. This is a descriptive qualitative research in which data were collected by documentation technique. The data were Prohaba Daily News texts during 2018. The data were analyzed using Sara Mills actor position analysis model and Theo van Leeuwens exclusion and inclusion analysis. Actor position analysis included subject position and object position. Exclusion analysis included the passivation, nominalization, and substitution of clauses. While the inclusion analysis included differentiation-indifferentiation, objectivity-abstraction, nomination-identification, nomination-categorization, determination-indetermination, assimilation-individualization, and association-disassociation. The results showed that Prohaba Daily News texts positioned female actors in subject and object position in their news texts. Women as non-marginalized subject found in three news texts. Women as non-marginalized objects found in two news texts. Women in the marginalized object position found in eight news texts. Marginalization was conducted by using exclusion and inclusion strategies. The exclusion strategy used includes the nomination and substitution of clauses. Inclusion strategies used were differentiation-indifferentiation, objectivity-abstraction, nomination-identification, nomination-categorization, and association-disassociation. In addition, the use of certain vocabularies can marginalize the position of women in the daily news text Prohaba.


Keywords


critical discourse analysis; women position; exclusion; inclusion; news text

Full Text:

PDF

References


Althusser, L. (1970). Ideology and ideological state apparatuses (Notes towards an Investigation). London: Verso.

Badara, A. (2012). Analisis wacana: Teori, metode, dan penerapannya pada wacana media [Discourse analysis: Theory, method, and application at media discourse]. Jakarta: Kencana.

Darma, Y. A. (2009). Analisis wacana kritis [Critical discourse analysis]. Bandung: Yrama Widya.

Darwin, M. M. (2005). Negara dan perempuan [State and women]. Yogyakarta: Media Wacana.

DeFleur, M. L., & Ball-Rokeach, S. J. (1989). Theories of mass communication (5th ed.): Longman.

Desiana, N. (2012). Analisis wacana kritis pemberitaan kasus hukum dalam majalah Tempo edisi Juli 2012 [Analysis of the critical discussion of law cases in Tempo magazine July edition 2012]. (Master), Universitas Bengkulu, Bengkulu.

Effendy, O. U. (2004). Ilmu komunikasi teori dan praktek [Communication theory and practice]. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya.

Eriyanto. (2002). Analisis framing: Konstruksi, ideologi, dan politik media [Framing analysis: Construction, ideology, and media politics]. Yogyakarta: LKiS.

Eriyanto. (2003). Analisis wacana: Pengantar analisis teks media [Discourse analysis Introduction to media text analysis]. Yogyakarta: LKiS.

Fairclough, N., & Wodak, R. (1997). Critical discourse analysis. In T. A. v. Dijk (Ed.), Discourse studies a multidisciplinary introduction (2nd ed., Vol. 2, pp. 258-284). London: Sage.

Fowler, R., Hodge, B., Kress, G. R., & Trew, T. (1979). Language and control. London: Routledge.

Hermes, J. (2011). On stereotypes, media and redressing gendered social inequality. Bucharest: Editura Fundaţiei România de Mâine.

Lacan, J. (1977). Écrits: A selection. London: Tavistock Publications.

Mills, S. (1992). Knowing your place: A Marxist feminist stylistic analysis. In M. Toolan (Ed.), Language, text, and context: Essays in stylistics (pp. 182–207). London and New York: Routledge.

Murniati, N. P. (2004). Gentar gender [Gender trill]. Magelang: Indonesia Terra.

Rahayu, M. (2015). Representasi Muslim Arab dalam film-film Hollywood: Analisis wacana kritis Muslim Other dalam sinema Hollywood [Representation of Arab Muslims in Hollywood films: Critical discourse analysis of Other Muslim in the Hollywood cinema]. (Doctoral), Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta.

Risdaneva. (2018). A critical discourse analysis of women’s portrayal in news reporting of sexual violence. Studies in English Language and Education, 5(1), 126-136.

Sanderson, S. (1995). Sosilogi makro: Sebuah pendekatan terhadap realitas sosial [Macro sociology: An approach to social reality]. Jakarta: Raja Grafindo Persada.

Sari, F. M. (2015). Perempuan Aceh dalam media massa (Analisis wacana kritis Norman Fairclough pada berita kekerasan di situs merdeka.com) [Acehnese women in the mass media [Norman Fairclough’s critical discourse analysis on violence news on merdeka.com)]. (Master), Universitas Diponegoro, Semarang.

Sobur, A. (2002). Analisis teks media: Suatu pengantar untuk analisis wacana, analisis semiotik, dan analisis framing [Media text analysis: An introduction to discourse analysis, semiotic analysis, and framing analysis]. Bandung: PT Remaja Rosdakarya.

van Dijk, T. A. (Ed.) (1997). Discourse as social interaction: Discourse studies a multidisciplinary introduction. London: Sage Publication.

van Leeuwen, T. A. (1986). The representation of social actors. In C. R. C.-C. M. Coulthard (Ed.), Text and practices: Readings in critical discourse analysis (pp. 32-70). London: Routledge.

van Leeuwen, T. A. (1987). Generic strategies in press journalism. Australian Review of Applied Linguistics, 10(2), 199-220.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24815/siele.v6i2.14783

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Print ISSN: 2355-2794, Online ISSN: 2461-0275

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.