Investigating elementary school pupils’ proficiency in mastering English vocabulary

Diana Achmad

Abstract


English has been taught at elementary schools as one of the local content subjects. It is necessary to study English from an early age in order to achieve good mastery in it. To master English means to master the four skills in it and also the language aspects, including vocabulary. As one of the language aspects, vocabulary plays an important role in language learning. This study reports on pupils’ proficiency in mastering English vocabulary after three years of studying in elementary school. The writer chose 55 grade-four pupils of SD Methodist Banda Aceh as a sample for this study. They were given a vocabulary test related to reading and writing skills consisting of 26 items. The test was to be done in 20 minutes. After calculating the data, it was found that the mean score (x) of the pupils was 69.5, with the highest score at 92.3 and the lowest score at 26.9. More than 50% of the pupils could answer the questions correctly in less than 20 minutes. Only 4 out of the 55 pupils answered the questions less than 50% correctly and no one answered 100% correct. According to these results, this study showed that the pupils achieved good proficiency in vocabulary.


Keywords


Teaching English to Young Learners; Vocabulary; Reading; Writing

Full Text:

PDF

References


Arikunto, S. (1987). Dasar-dasar evaluasi pendidikan. Jakarta: PT Bina Aksara. Brumfit, C. (1991). Teaching English to children: From practice to principle. London: Harpercollins Publishers.

Capon, A. J. (1988). Elementary statistics: for science. New York: Woodsworth, Inc. Fisher, C. J., & Terry, A.C. (1977). Children’s language and the language arts. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company.

Gleason, H. A. (1961). An introduction to descriptive linguistics. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston.

Gronlund, N. E. (2001). How to make achievement tests and assessments, 5th ed. Massachusetts: A Division of Simon and Schuster, Inc.

Fitriana, N. (2012). The influence of pictures in learning English vocabulary to the fourth grade students of SD Negeri 1 Langsa. Unpublished thesis. Samudra University, Langsa.

Halliwel, S. (1992). Teaching English in the primary classroom. London: Longman Publishing.

Holden, S. (1980). Teaching children. London: Modern English Publications.

Kral, T. (1994). Teacher development making the right moves. Selected articles from The English Teaching Forum. Washington D.C: United States Information Agency.

Lightbown, P. M., & Spada, N. (2006). How languages are learned, 3rded. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary of Current English. (2000). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Pahuja, N. P. (1994). Improve your vocabulary. New Delhi: Anmol Publications Pvt. Ltd.

Petty, W. J., et al. (1968). The state of knowledge about the teaching of vocabulary. Champaign: National Council of Teachers of English.

Quandt, I. J., (1977). Teaching reading: A human process. Chicago: Rand McNally College.

Rafiqa, C. (2002). The influence of learning English at elementary school towards vocabulary development: A case study of the second year students at SLTP Negeri 1 Banda Aceh. Unpublished thesis. Syiah Kuala University, Banda Aceh.

Rahmani, B. (2002). The use of picture in evaluating the ability of young learner’s vocabulary (a case study at John English Course). Unpublished thesis. Syiah Kuala University, Banda Aceh.

Sawardi, et al. (1981). Penguasaan kosakata bahasa Indonesia murid kelas VI SD di Jawa Tengah & Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta. Jakarta: Pusat Pembinaan & Pengembangan Bahasa Departemen P&K.

Scott, W. A., & Ytrebeg, L. H. (1990). Teaching English to children. New York: Longman.

Setiono. (1999). English learning should start from young age. Retrieved January 13, 2003 from http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/1999/09/13/English-learning-should-start-from-young-age.html

Suleiman, A. H. (2002). Media audio visual untuk pengajaran, penerangan dan penyuluhan. Jakarta: Gramedia.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24815/siele.v1i1.1116

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Print ISSN: 2355-2794, Online ISSN: 2461-0275

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.