Rancang Bangun Multi Sensor Pengukur Tinggi Muka Air Untuk Lahan Sawah

Rahmat Hanif Anasiru, Arief Wicaksono, Andy Saryoko, Adi Prayoga


Abstrak. Penghematan air untuk irigasi permukaan adalah salah satu cara mengurangi efek lingkungan dari budidaya tanaman padi. Dalam sistem AWD(Alternate Wetting Drying) lahan sawah digenangi secara berselang, ketinggian air dari permukaan tanah dimonitor sesuai dengan rekomendasi AWD. Metode ini terbukti dapat mengurangi penggunaan air tanpa mengurangi hasil panen. Perkembangan saat ini pada platform cloud IOT sensor-sensor dapat berhubungan langsung dengan sistem yang menyimpan data dalam kapasitas yang besar, data ini selanjutnya dapat didownload dan diproses. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendesain sistem multi sensor alat pengukur ketinggian permukaan air  yang memiliki catu daya yang bersumber pada energi matahari dan dilegkapi dengan baterai Li-Ion dan berbentuk ringkas. Komunikasi dari masing masing sensor ke rangkaian master dilakukan melalui komunikasi radio. Mode hemat daya yang menonaktifkan sensor dan modul radio pada kondisi stanby dapat menghemat pemakaian baterai, tanpa penyinaran matahari baterai dapat bertahan 11,6 hari dibadingkan dengan 3,2 hari pada mode non hemat daya.Tegangan baterai dan pembacaan ketinggian permukaan air diupload ke ThinkSpeak IoT cloud oleh rangkaian master, untuk dianalisa lebih lanjut.


Design of Paddy Field Water Level Multi Censor

Abstract. Water conservation for field irrigation is an important key to reducing environmental effects from paddy cultivation. In the AWD (Alternate Wet Drying) method, the rice field is alternately flooded and non-flooded, water height is always measured to adjust with AWD recommendation. This method proved for reducing water usage without decreasing yield. With recent development from IoT Cloud platform, sensors can interface directly to cloud systems and store much data so it can be downloaded and processed later. In this study, electronic water height multiple sensors based on infrared technology is equipped with solar panel and Li-Ion battery storage designed with a compact form. Communication from sensors to master done by radio wave. Power saving method which turnoff sensors and radio power in the standby condition can conserve battery to stand the power without sunlight 11.6 days compared to 3.2 days in non-power-saving design. Battery voltage and water level reading from each sensor is uploaded to Think Speaks cloud IoT dashboard, this data can be analyzed later for other purposes.


AWD; IOT; Hemat daya; Sensor ketinggian air; Sawah

Full Text:



Bhatt, R., Kaur, R., Ghosh, A., 2019. Strategies to practice climate-smart agriculture to improve the livelihoods under the rice-wheat cropping system in south asia. Sustainable Management Of Soil And Environment. Springer, Singapore, pp. 29–71.

Carrijo, D.R., Lundy, M.E., Linquist, B.A., 2017. Rice yields and water use under alternate wetting and drying irrigation: a meta-analysis. Field Crops Res. 203, 173–180.https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2016.12.002

FAO Rice Market Monitor Volume XXI issue No 1 Apr 2018, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Foughalia, K., Karim Fathallahb, Ali Frihidab, 2018. Using Cloud IOT for disease prevention in precision agriculture,The 9th International Conference on Ambient Systems, Networks and Technologies Publication (ANT 2018).

Godfray, H.C.J., Garnett, T., 2014. Food security and sustainable intensification. Philos.Trans. R. Soc. B. Biol. Sci. 369, 20120273. https://doi.org /10.1098/rstb.2012.0273.

Hossain, M., Roy, D., Paul, P., & Islam, M., 2016. Water Productivity Improvement Using Water Saving Technologies in Boro Rice Cultivation. Bangladesh Rice Journal, 20(1), 17–22. https://doi.org/10.3329/brj.v20i1.30625.

Liang, X.Q., Chen, Y.X., Nie, Z.Y., Ye, Y.S., Liu, J., Tian, G.M., Wang’, G.H., Tuong, T.P., 2013. Mitigation of nutrient losses via surface runoff from rice cropping systems with alternate wetting and drying irrigation and site-specific nutrient management practices. Environ. Sci. Pollut. Res. 20, 6980–6991.

Linquist, B.A., Adviento-Borbe, M.A., Pittelkow, C.M., van Kessel, C., van Groeningen, K.J., 2012. Fertilizer management practices and greenhouse gas emissions from rice systems: a quantitative review and analysis. Field Crops Res. 135, 10–21. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2012.06.007

Liu, L.-W., Ismail, M. H., Wang, Y.-M., & Lin, W.S., 2021). Internet of things based smart irrigation control system for paddy field. AGRIVITA Journal of Agricultural Science, 43(2), 378-389.

Madhusoodhanan, C.G., Sreeja, K.G., Eldho, T.I., 2016. Climate change impact assessments on the water resources of India under extensive human interventions. Ambio. 45, 725–741. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13280-016-0784-7.

Mao, Z., 2001. Water efficient irrigation and environmentally sustainable irrigated rice production in China. International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage. . http:// www.icid.org/watmao.pdf.

Masseroni, D., Jasim Uddin, Reece Tyrell, Iven Mareels, Claudio Gandolfi, Ariana Facchi, (2017), Towards a smart automated surface irrigation management in rice-growing areas in Italy, Journal of Agricultural Engineering No 48.

Mirzaei, M., MZ Mohiabad. 2017. A comparative analysis of long-term field test of monocrystalline and polycrystalline PV power generation in semi-arid climate conditions, Energy for Sustainable Development Volume 38.

Nawaz, A., Farooq, M., Nadeem, F., Siddique, K.H.M., Lal, R., 2019. Rice–wheat cropping systems in South Asia: issues, options, and opportunities. Crop Past. Sci. 70, 395–427.https://doi.org/10.1071/CP18383

Setyanto, P., Ali Pramono, Terry Ayu Adriany, Helena Lina Susilawati, Takeshi Tokida, Agnes T. Padre & Kazunori Minamikawa. 2018. Alternate wetting and drying reduces methane emission from a rice paddy in Central Java, Indonesia without yield loss, Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 64:1, 23-30.

Shufian, A., Md. Rifad haider, Md. Hasibuzzaman, 2021. Results of a simulation to propose an automated irrigation & monitoring system in crop production using fast charging & solar charge controller, Journal of Cleaner Engineering and Technology No 4.

Suryavanshi, P., Singh, Y.V., Prasanna, R., Bhatia, A., Shivey, Y.S., 2013. Pattern of methane emission and water productivity under different methods of rice crop establishment. Paddy Water Environ. 11, 321–329. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10333-012-0323-5.

Tapakire, Bhagyashree A.. and Manasi M. Patil, 2019, "IoTbased Smart Agriculture using Thingspeak", International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology (IJERT), vol. 8, no. 12.

Tolentino, Lean Karlo S., Patrick Carlos Bacaltos, Rica Mikaela V. Cruz, Neal Jhon S. Dela Cruz, Leah Ruth S. Medina, John Vincent Panergalin, Maria Victoria C. Padilla, Jessica S. Velasco, 2021. Autogation: An Alternate Wetting and Drying-Based Automatic Irrigation and Paddy Water Level Control System through Internet of Things, AGRIVITA Journal of Agricultural Science,43(3).

Wassmann, R., Nelson, G.C., Peng, S.B., Sumfleth, K., Jagadish, S.V.K., Hosen, Y.,Rosegrant, M.W., 2010. Rice and global climate change. Rice in the Global Economy: Strategic Research and Policy Issues for Food Security. International Rice Research Institute, Los Ba˜nos Philippines, pp. 411–432.

Weerakoon, W.M.W., Mutunayake, M.M.P., Bandara, C., Rao, A.N., Bhandari, D.C.,Ladha, J.K., 2011. Direct-seeded rice culture in Sri Lanka: lessons from farmers. Field Crops Res. 121, 53–63. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2010.11.009.

Yang, J., Zhou, Q., Zhang, J., 2017. Moderate wetting and drying increases rice yield and reduces water use, grain arsenic level, and methane emission. Crop J. 5, 151–158. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cj.2016.06.002.

Zhao, L.M., Wu, L.H., Li, Y.S., Lu, X.H., Zhu, D.F., Uphoff, N., 2009. Influence of the system of rice intensification on rice yield and nitrogen and water use efficiency with different N application rates. Exp. Agric. 45, 275–286. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0014479709007583

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17969/rtp.v14i2.22836


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons LicenseISSN: 2085-2614E-ISSN: 2528-2652
Copyright© 2009-2021 | ISSN: 2085-2614 | EISSN: 2528-2654
Rona Teknik Pertanian is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.


Published by: 
Program Studi Teknik PertanianFakultas Pertanian, Universitas Syiah Kuala 
associated with Indonesia Society of Agricultural Engineering (ISAE) Aceh.
Jl. Tgk. Hasan Krueng Kalee No. 3, Kopelma Darussalam,
Banda Aceh, 23111, Indonesia.
Email: jronatp@unsyiah.ac.id

Online Submissions & Guidelines Editorial Policies | Contact Statistics Indexing | Citations