Isolasi Dan Karakteristik Fungi Lignoselulolitik Dari Limbah Sawit Sebagai Agen Pendegradasi Pakan Berserat

Yunilas Yunilas, Lili Warly, Yetti Marlida, Irsan Ryanto

Abstract


Abstrak. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengisolasi dan mengkarakteristik fungi lignoselulolitik dari limbah sawit sebagai pendegradasi serat (senyawa polisakarida). Penelitian ini menggunakan metode eksplorasi melalui isolasi, karakteristik, uji degradasi lignoselulosa dan identifikasi. Isolasi menggunakan medium selektif yang dimodifikasi mengandung carboxy methyl cellulose (CMC), xylan, lignin dan manan. Dari hasil isolasi diperoleh 16 isolat fungi lignoselulolitik dan 4 diantaranya memiliki kemampuan tinggi dalam mendegradasi lignoselulosa yaitu isolate fungi YLF2, YLF3, YLF4 dan YLF8. Isolat fungi yang diperoleh memiliki karakteristik yang bervariasi meliputi bentuk, permukaan, tepi dan warna koloni. Hasil uji degradasi (hidrolitik) menunjukkan bahwa isolat fungi YLF8 menghasilkan indeks hidrolitik lebih tinggi dibanding fungi lainnya. Berdasarkan hasil dapat disimpulkan bahwa isolat fungi YLF8 termasuk pada strain Trichoderma sp berpotensi sebagai isolat pendegradasi serat dan dapat digunakan sebagai bioktivator dalam fermentasi pakan berserat.

Isolation And Characteristic Of Lignocellulolitic Fungi Of Palm Waste As a Fiber Feed Degrading Agent

Abstract. This study aims to isolate and characterize lignocellulolytic fungi from palm wastes as fiber degradation (polysaccharide compounds). This research uses exploration method through isolation, characteristic, lignocellulosic degradation test and identification. Isolation using modified selective medium contains carboxy methyl cellulose (CMC), xylan, lignin and manan. From isolation result obtained 16 isolates of lignocellulolytic fungi and 4 of them have high ability in degrading lignocellulose that is fungi YLF2, YLF3, YLF4 and YLF8. The obtained fungi isolates have varying characteristics including shape, surface, edges and colony color. The result of degradation test (hydrolytic) showed that YLF8 fungi isolates yielded higher hydrolytic index than other fungi. Based on the results it can be concluded that the isolates of YLF8 fungi belong to the Trichoderma sp strain potentially as fiber degrading isolates and can be used as bioctivators in fibrous fermentation feed.

 


Keywords


Isolation; characteristics; fungi; lignocellulolytic

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.17969/rtp.v12i2.10112

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