Perbedaan Jarak Tanam dan Dosis pupuk Kandang Terhadap Sifat Kimia Tanah dan Hasil Padi Sawah

Abdul Azis, Muyassir Muyassir, Bakhtiar Bakhtiar

Abstract


Plant Spacing Differences and  Dose of Manure on Soil Chemical Properties and Yield of  Lowland Paddies

Abstract: Objectives of the study were to determine the best plant spacing differences, the dose of manure on soil chemical properties and yield of lowland paddies. Experimental design used was a factorial randomized block design with three replications. The treatments consisted of plant spacing (30 x 15, 30 x 30 and 30 cm x 45 cm) and manure doses (0, 10 and 20 tons manure ha-1). The results showed that a mixture of manure and urea significantly affect the C-organic, N-total and P-available in the soil. The average increase in soil organic C classified as low categories, medium N-total and low P-available. There was significant interaction effect between plant spacing and mixture of manure and urea on Cation Exchange Capacity (CEC) in the soil, so it rises to very high category. Mixture of manure and urea significantly affect grain yield. The average grain yield 6.26 tonnes ha-1 which gained in doses of 10 tons ha-1 manure and urea mixture.

Abstrak: Tujuan penelitian untuk mengetahui perbedaan jarak tanam yang terbaik, dosis pupuk kandang terhadap sifat kimia tanah dan hasil padi sawah. Rancangan percobaan yang digunakan adalah rancangan acak kelompok faktorial dengan tiga ulangan. Perlakuan terdiri atas jarak tanam (30 x 15, 30 x 30 dan 30 cm x 45 cm) dan dosis pupuk kandang (0, 10 dan 20  ton  pupuk kandang ha-1). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa campuran pupuk kandang dan urea berpengaruh nyata terhadap C-organik, N-total dan P-tersedia tanah. Rata-rata peningkatan C-organik tanah tergolong kategori rendah, N-total sedang, dan P-tersedia tanah rendah. Terjadi pengaruh interaksi yang nyata antara jarak tanam dan campuran pupuk kandang dan urea terhadap Kapasitas Tukar Kation (KTK) tanah, sehingga meningkat sampai kategori sangat tinggi. Campuran pupuk kandang dan urea nyata mempengaruhi hasil gabah. Rata-rata hasil gabah 6,26 ton ha-1 yang terjadi pada takaran 10 ton ha-1 pupuk kandang dan campuran urea.


Keywords


Jarak tanam; pupuk; kimia tanah; padi

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ISSN
: 2301-6981
Copyright © 2015 Jurnal Manajemen Sumberdaya Lahan
Program Studi Magister Konservasi Sumberdaya Lahan (KSDL)
Pasca Sarjana Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Syiah Kuala
dan Himpunan llmu Tanah Indonesia (HITI) Komda Aceh
 
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