STRATEGI PENERAPAN EKO-DRAINASE DI KAWASAN GAMPOENG KEURAMAT BANDA ACEH

Munzirwan Habibi, Eldina Fatimah, Azmeri Azmeri

Abstract


Abstract: Generally in Gampong Keuramat region still uses the conventional drainage concept. Along with the rapid development that occurred in Banda Aceh, especially at Gampong Keuramat  after the Tsunami in 2004, resulting in the decrease of vacant land that could be used to absorb water into the soil. This matter causes the water system distruption and take affect toward urban flood control. Concerns with these problems it is required to control the peak flows through the structural efforts and to apply environment drainage (eco-drainage). The purpose of this study is to analyze flow rates (Qpasca) drainage system by using the concept of system eco-drainage and formulate strategies to implement the concept of system eco-drainase by using SWOT analysis. The method of data collection is by using secondary data and primary data. The data were processed statistically descriptive and SWOT analysis. From the observations, the existing condition and the road condition and channels in Gampoeng Kueramat need to be maintained and improved. The calculations show that, th service zone I until V occurred the reduction of average  discharge 48.948%, 58.412%, 43.468%, 72.034% and 72.919%. The result from SWOT analysis is obtained some strategies: (1) use the support of society in an effort to overcome the problems of drainage as a puddle with drainage planning sustainable or eco-drainage, (2) to convince the provincial government to support programs / activities of eco-drainage with the allocation of appropriate funds targeted to address the flooding problems, to maintain the continuity of the water and drainage system in Gampoeng Keuramat, (3) use the support of society in land use to make infiltration wells and expand land infiltration in the society environment, and (4) to disseminate to the public for a change paradigm in dealing with the flood of effort to keep the water from settlements with trying to keep the water as long as possible and utilize as much water as possible is called the concept of "eco-drainage".

 

Abstrak: Secara umum di kawasan Gampong Keuramat masih menggunakan konsep drainase konvensional. Seiring dengan pesatnya pembangunan yang terjadi di Kota Banda Aceh khususnya kawasan Gampong Keuramat pasca Tsunami 2004, mengakibatkan semakin berkurangnya lahan kosong  yang bisa digunakan untuk meresapkan air ke dalam tanah. Hal ini menyebabkan terganggunya sistem tata air dan berpengaruh terhadap pengendalian banjir perkotaan. Menyangkut dengan permasalahan tersebut diperlukan pengendalian debit puncak melalui upaya-upaya struktural dan penerapan drainase berwawasan lingkungan (eko-drainase). Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah melakukan analisis debit aliran (Qpasca) sistem drainase dengan menggunakan konsep sistem eko-drainase dan merumuskan strategi untuk menerapkan konsep sistem eko-drainase dengan menggunakan analisis SWOT. Metode pengumpulan data yaitu menggunakan data sekunder dan data primer. Data diolah secara statistik diskriptif dan analisis SWOT. Dari hasil observasi, kondisi eksisting kondisi jalan dan saluran di Gampoeng Kueramat perlu dipelihara dan ditingkatkan. Hasil analisis SWOT diperoleh strategi-strategi yaitu (1) memanfaatkan dukungan masyarakat dalam upaya mengatasi permasalahan drainase seperti genangan dengan perencanaan drainase berkelanjutan atau eko-drainase, (2) meyakinkan Pemerintah Daerah agar dapat mendukung program/kegiatan eko-drainase dengan pengalokasian dana yang sesuai tepat sasaran untuk mengatasi permasalahan-permasalahan banjir, menjaga kelangsungan air dan saluran drainase di Gampoeng Keuramat, (3) memanfaatkan dukungan masyarakat dalam pemanfaatan lahan untuk membuat sumur resapan dan memperbanyak lahan resapan di lingkungan penduduk, dan (4) melakukan sosialisasi kepada masyarakat untuk merubah paradigma dalam mengatasi banjir dari usaha menjauhkan air dari pemukiman dengan berusaha menyimpan air selama mungkin dan memanfaatkan air sebanyak mungkin yang disebut dengan konsep “eko-drainase”.


Keywords


eco-drainase; Gampong Keuramat;

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