2. DETEKSI LEUKOSIT URINE ORANGUTAN SUMATERA (Pongo abelii) MENGGUNAKAN STRIP TEST SEMIKUANTITATIF DI PUSAT REINTRODUKSI JANTHO (Detection of Leucocyte on Sumatran Orangutan (Pongo abelii) Urine Using Semiquantitative Strip Test in Jantho’s Reintroduction Center)

Meuthya Sr, Rusli Rusli, Erdiansyah Rahmi

Abstract


The aim of this study was to find out the information about sumatran orangutan urine leucocyte as a medical record of them at Cagar Alam Pinus Jantho Reintroduction Center, Aceh Besar. Urine samples were collected from ten sumatran orangutans which come from forest, around cages, and in the cage. The urine was collected in the morning when orangutan woke up and left the nest or before first feeding for orangutans which were in the cages. The replication test was done six times within one month. Urine examination was carried out directly after urine collection by soaking the strip test in 5 ml urine for 120 second. The data was analyzed by qualitative descriptive method and the result was semiquantitative based on the discoloration scale: negative, trace (±15 leucocyte/μL), +1 (70 leucocyte/μL), +2 (125 leucocyte/μL), and +3 (500 leucocyte/μL). The result showed that the average of leucocyte from 4 orangutans which were in the cages (Ego, Wenda, Miky, and Ontong) was ±15 leucocyte/μL, while Ayu Ting Ting for the first test had the highest level of leucocyte (500 leucocyte/μL) then decreased on the next test. Coty, Ruben, Yusniar (arround the cages) had variative leucocyte values every week. Two orangutans in the forest (Kamelia and Brokoli) had negative value for urine leucoyte.

Key words: leucocyte, sumatran orangutan, strip test, urine


Full Text:

PDF

References


Alamendah. 2011. Orangutan sumatera (Pongo abelii). http:// alamendah.wordpress.com/211/02/17/orangutansumatera-pongo abelii/.

Anonimus. 2012. IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources). Red List of Threatened Species Version 2012. 12. http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/39780/0. Beaman, G, 2009. All the World’s Animals. Primates. Tostar Book Inc. London. Beck, B., K. Walkup, M. Rodrigues, S. Unwin, D. Travis dan T. Stoinski. 2009. Panduan Reintroduksi Kera Besar. (Diterjemahkan Kuncoro, P). Edisi ke-1. The World Conservation Union (IUCN), Switzerland. Freddie, C. 2009. Teman Hutan. (Diterjemahkan Sari, W. dan P. Hadasiswoyo). Karen Grup, Sumatera Utara. Ginting, Y. 2006. Studi Reintroduksi Orangutan Sumatera (Pongo pygmaeus Abelii Lesson, 1827) yang Dikembangkan di Stasiun Karantina Medan dan di Stasiun Reintroduksi Jambi. Skripsi. Departemen Konservasi Sumber Daya Hutan dan Ekowisata Fakultas Kehutanan Institut Pertanian Bogor. Bogor. Harjono, I.U., M.H. Evi, I.W.I. Laxmi, E.I.G. Krisna, S.K. Widyastuti, L.E. Setiasih, dan K. Berata. 2011. Urinalisis Menggunakan Dua jenis Dipstick (Batang Celup) pada Sapi Bali. J. Vet. 12(1):107-112. Jain, N.C. 1993. Essentials of Veterinary Hematology. Lea & Febiger, Philadelphia. Leendertz, S.I.V., A.J.S. Metzger, T. Descherner, C. Boesch, J. Riedel and F.H. Leendertz. 2010. A longitudinal study of urinary Dipstick parameters in wild chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes verus) in Cote d’Ivoire. American Journal of Primatology. 71:1-10. Meijaard, E., H.D. Rijksen, dan S.N. Kartikasari. 2001. Di Ambang Kepunahan!, Kondisi Orangutan Liar di Awal Abad ke-21. The Gibbon Foundation Indonesia, Jakarta.

Schaible, U dan S. Kaufmann. 2007. Malnutrition and Infection: Complex Mechanisms and Global Impacts. PLoS Med. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1858706/2014. Singleton, I. 2010. Program Konservasi Orangutan Sumatera. Yayasan Ekosistem Lestari, Medan. Strasinger, S.K. dan M.S. Di Lorenzo. 2001. Urinalysis and Body Fluids. 4th ed. F.A. Davis Co., Philadelphia. YEL. 2011. Laporan Tahunan 2011 YEL (Yayasan Ekosistem Lestari). Medan.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21157/j.med.vet..v10i2.4384

DOI (PDF): https://doi.org/10.21157/j.med.vet..v10i2.4384.g3769

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2016 by author and J. Med. Vet.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
J. Med. Vet. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.