3. The Effect of Audio Recording for Playback Experiment to the Alteration of Orangutan’s Territorial Behavior

Rahmat Nazif, Gholib Gholib, Erdiansyah Rahmi, Arman Sayuti, Triva Murtina Lubis, Ummu Balqis

Abstract


The aim of this study was to find an alternative method to prevent the conflict between the orangutan and human with the utilization of audio recording as biofence. The location of this study was in Leuser National Park on Bukit Lawang, Langkat, North Sumatra using 16 orangutans as the subject of this study. The method used in this study was a simulation and playback experiment which were using long call, spontaneous call, predator voice, and siren sound in the audio recording of non-alpha orangutans. The respond was observed using binocular and recorded using camera recorder. The data obtained were analyzed using Krustal Wallist test. The result showed that 87% of orangutan showed an interest in the attractor, on the other hand, 13% showed disinterest to the attractor. The facial expression shown by orangutan was fear, submission, aggression, and worry. The statistical analyzing result showed that long call and the spontaneous call was very significant (P<0.01), while the predator and siren voice were insignificant (P>0.05). The result can be concluded that long call and spontaneous calls showing the effective result to the alteration of territorial behavior on orangutan and have a potential as a biofence that is used as an alternative method to prevent the conflict between orangutan and human.


Keywords


playback experiment; orangutan; territorial; biofence

Full Text:

PDF

References


Auliya, M., B. Shwedick, R. Sommerlad, S. Brend and Samedi. 2006. A Short Term Assessment of the Conservation Status of Tomistoma schlegelii

(Crocodylia : Crocodulidae) in Tanjung Putting National Park (Central Kalimantan, Indonesia). Orangutan Foundation dan Tomistoma Task Force. IUCN. UK.

Ausband, D.E., M.S. Mitchell, S.B. Bassing, and C. White. 2013. No trespassing : using a biofence to manipulate wolf movements. Wildlife Research. 40:207–216.Davila, M. 2004. The Long Calls of Wild Male Orangutans : A Phylogenetic Approach. Thesis. Faculty of Zoology, University of Hannover. Germany.

Davis, T.J., K. Mengersen, N.K. Abram, M. Ancrenaz, J.A. Wells, and E. Meijaard. 2013. It’s not just conflict that motivates killing of orangutans. PLoS ONE. 8(10):1-11

Delgado, R.A. and C.P. Vanschaik, 2000. The behavioral ecology and conservation of the orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus): A tale of two islands. Evolutionary Anthropology. 9:201–218

Delgado, R. A. 2003. The function of adult male long calls in wild orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus). Thesis. Department of Biological Anthropology and Anatomy. Duke University.

Goossens, B., L. Chikhi, M. Ancrenaz, and I. Lackman-Ancrenaz, P. Andau, and

M.W. Bruford. 2006. Genetic signature of anthropogenic population collapse in orang-utans. PloSBiology. 4(2):285-291

Hardus, M.E. 2012. Orangutan Diet : Lessons From and For The Wild. Thesis. Faculty of Science, University of Amsterdam, Belanda.

IUCN. 2015. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. http://www.iucnredlist.org. 3 February 2016.

Lameira, A.R. and S.A. Wich. 2008. Orangutan long call degradation and individuality over distance: a playback approach. Int J Primatol. 29:615–625.

Liebal, K., B.M. Waller, A.M. Burrows, and K.E. Scolombe. 2014. Primate Communication : A Multimodal Approach. TJ International Ltd. Padstow Cornwall. Cambridge University Press. New York

Marchal, V. and C.M. Hill, 2009. Primate crop-raiding: a study of local perceptions in four villages in north Sumatra, Indonesia. Primate Conservation. 24:107-116

Miller, C.T., K. Beck, and B. Meade. 2009. Antiphonal call timing in marmosets is behaviorally significant: interactive playback experiments. J.Comp. Physiol.A. 195:783–789

Mitani, J.C. 1985. Sexual selection and adult male orangutan long calls. Animal Behaviour 33: 272-283.

Muruthi, P. 2005. Human Wildlife Conflict: Lessons Learned From AWF's African Heartlands. http://www.awf.org/. 1 Maret 2016.

Nellemann, C., L. Miles, B.P. Kaltenborn, M. Virtue, and H. Ahlenius. 2007. The Last Stand of the Orangutan, State of Emergency: Illegal logging, Fire and Palm Oil in Indonesia’s National Parks. United Nations Environment Programme. GRID-Arendal, Norway.

Seyfarth, R.M., D.L. Cheney, and T.J. Bergman. 2005. Primate social cognition and the origins of language. Trends in Cognitive Sciences. 9(6):264–266.

Singleton, I., S.A. Wich, M.G. Nowak, and G. Usher. 2014. Sumatran Orangutan, Primates in Peril: The World’s 25 Most Endangered Primates 2014–2017. Conservation International, Arlington.

Spillmann, B., L.P. Dunkel, M.A. Vannoordwijk, R.N.A. Amda, A.R. Lameira, S.A. Wich, and C.P. vanSchaik. 2010. Acoustic Properties of Long Calls Given by Flanged MaleOrang-Utans (Pongo pygmaeus wurmbii) Reflect Both Individual Identity and Context. Ethology 116:385–395.

Sumargo, W., S.G. Naggara, F.A. Nainggolan, and I. Apriani. 2011. Potret Keadaan Hutan Indonesia Periode Tahun 2000-2009. Forrest Watch Indonesia, Indonesia.

Wich, S.A., H. deVries, M. Ancrenaz, L. Perkins, R.W. Shumaker, A. Suzuki and C. P. vanSchaik. 2009. Orangutan Life History Variation. Orangutans Geographic Variation in Behavioural Ecology and Conservation 1:65-75.

Wich, S.A., J. Riswan, J. Jenson, C. Refisch, and C. Nellemann. 2011. Orangutans and the Economics of Sustainable Forest Management in Sumatra. UNEP, Birkeland Trykkeri, Norway.

Yuwono, E.H., P. Susanto, C. Saleh, N. Andayani, D. Prasetyo, and S.S.U. Atmoko. 2007. Petunjuk Teknis Penanganan Konflik Manusia-Orangutan di Dalam dan Sekitar Perkebunan Kelapa Sawit. WWF Indonesia, Jakarta.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21157/j.med.vet..v12i1.4253

DOI (PDF): https://doi.org/10.21157/j.med.vet..v12i1.4253.g7997

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 by author and J. Med. Vet.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Creative Commons License
J. Med. Vet. is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.