Periodik Paralisis Hipokalemia pada Anak Usia 15

Jufitriani Ismy

Abstract


Abstrak. Periodik paralisis hipokalemia menyebabkan kelemahan otot yang progresif terutama pada kelompok otot proksimal tungkai bawah, serangan akut dapat terjadi secara berulang. Serangan pertama biasanya terjadi antara usia 5 tahun dan 35 tahun, tetapi frekuensi serangan paling tinggi antara usia 15 dan 35 tahun.  Ditemukan kasus Periodik paralisis hipokalemia yang berulang pada anak laki laki usia 15 tahun. Semua hasil analisis gejala klinis dan pemeriksaan penunjang sangat mendukung untuk diagnosis periodik paralisis hipokalemia.

Kata kunci: periodik paralisis hipokalemia, kelemahan otot, usia 15 tahun

Abstract. Periodic paralysis of hypokalemia causes progressive muscle weakness especially in the proximal lower leg muscle groups, acute attacks may occur repeatedly. The first attacks usually occur between the ages of 5 and 35, but the frequency of attacks is highest between the ages of 15 and 35. A case of recurrent hypokalemia periodic paralysis was found in a boy aged 15 years. All the results of clinical symptom analysis and investigations are very supportive for the diagnosis of periodic hypokalemia paralysis.

 

Key words: periodic hypokalemia paralysis, muscle weakness, age 15 years


Keywords


Kata kunci: periodik paralisis hipokalemia, kelemahan otot, usia 15 tahun; periodic hypokalemia paralysis, muscle weakness, age 15 years

Full Text:

PDF

References


Daftar pustaka

Sarnat HB. Metabolic Myopathies. Dalam: Kliegman, Stanton, Geme S, Schor, penyunting. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. Edisi ke-20. Philadelphia: Elsevier; 2016. h. 2987–8.

Souvriyanti E, Pardede SO. Paralisis Periodik Hipokalemik pada Anak dengan Asidosis Tubulus Renalis Distal. Sari Pediatr. 2008;10:53–9.

Statland JM, Fontaine B, Hanna MG, Johnson NE, Kissel JT, Sansone VA, dkk. Review of the Diagnosis and Treatment of Periodic Paralysis. Muscle and Nerve. 2018;57:522–30.

Pardede SO, Fahriani R. Paralisis Periodik Hipokalemik Familial. Cermin Dunia Kedokteran. 2012;39:727–30.

Sung CC, Cheng CJ, Chiang WF, Chau T, Hsu YJ, Yang S Sen, dkk. Etiologic and therapeutic analysis in patients with hypokalemic nonperiodic paralysis. Am J Med. 2015;128:289–96.

Lin SH, Chiu JS, Hsu CW, Chau T. A Simple and Rapid Approach to Hypokalemic Paralysis. Am J Emerg Med. 2003;21:487–91.

Aehlert B. Bradycardias. Dalam: Aehlert B, penyunting. PALS Pediatric Advanced Life Support study guide. Edisi ke-4. Burlington: Jones & Bartlett Learning; 2018. h. 121–5.

Chameides L, Samson RA, M S, Hazinski MF. Recognition and Management of Bradycardia. Dalam: Chameides L, Samson RA, M S, Hazinski MF, penyunting. PALS Pediatric Advanced Life Support. USA: American Heart Association; 2011. h. 113–20.

Pardede SO. Nefropati Diabetik pada Anak. Sari Pediatr. 2008;10:8–17.

Svoren BM, Jospe N. Diabetes Mellitus in Children. Dalam: Kliegman, Stanton, Geme S, Schor, penyunting. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. Edisi ke-20. Philadelphia: Elsevier; 2016. h. 2782.

Pardede SO, Chunnaedy S. Penyakit Ginjal Kronik pada Anak. Sari Pediatr. 2009;11:199–206.

Sharma M, Sharma R, McCarthy ET, Savin VJ, Srivastava T. Hyperfiltration-Associated Biomechanical Forces in Glomerular Injury and Response: Potential Role for Eicosanoids. Prostaglandins Other Lipid Mediat. 2017;132:59–68.

Lebensburger JD. Hyperfiltration during early childhood precedes albuminuria in pediatric sickle cell nephropathy. Am J Hematol. 2018;94:1–11.

Fathallah-Shaykh S. Pediatric Nephritis. emedicine. 2018

Nicholson R, Hewitt I, Kam A. Ureteric sludge syndrome. Arch Dis Child. 1991;66:344–6.

Cheng SN, Phelps A. Correlating the sonographic finding of echogenic debris in the bladder lumen with urinalysis. J Ultrasound Med. 2016;35:1533–40.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24815/jks.v20i2.18506

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



Creative Commons LicenseISSN: 1411-3848E-ISSN: 2579-6372
Copyright© 1987-2017 | ISSN: 1412-1026 | EISSN: 2550-0112 
Jurnal Kedokteran Syiah Kuala is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

 

Published by:
Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Syiah Kuala
 
Jl. Tgk. Tanoh Abee, Kopelma Darussalam,
Banda Aceh, 23111, Indonesia.
Phone: +626517551843 
Email: jks@unsyiah.ac.id


Online Submissions & Guidelines | Editorial Policies | Contact | Statistics | Indexing | Citations