HUBUNGAN PEMBERIAN SUSU SAPI DENGAN KEJADIAN MENGI PADA ANAK DI PENDIDIKAN ANAK USIA DINI (PAUD) ISLAM TERPADU AL-AZHAR

Mulya Safri, Kulsum Kulsum, Sulaiman Yusuf, Novita Andayani, Jufitriany Ismy, Mala Hayati

Abstract


Abstrak: Mengi adalah gejala asma yang paling umum pada anak.Salah satu faktor yang mempengaruhi terjadinya mengi adalah pemberian susu sapi pada anak.Studi ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan pemberian susu sapi dengan kejadian mengi pada anak di PAUD Islam Terpadu AL-AZHAR. Jenis studi ini adalah analitik observasional dengan desain cross-sectional. Responden studi ini adalah 60 orang tua dari anak dengan rentang usia 6 bulan – 5 tahun. Hasil studi didapatkan dengan menggunakan kuisioner yang telah valid dan reliabel yaitu kuisioner ISAAC dan kuisioner pemberian susu sapi. Hasil analisis data dengan menggunakan uji Chi Square didapatkan p value 0,045 (α<0,05) sehingga terdapat adanya hubungan pemberian susu sapi dengan kejadian mengi pada anak. Kesimpulan dari studi ini adalah anak yang diberi susu sapi dapat meningkatkan risiko mengi dibandingkan anak yang tidak diberi susu sapi.

Kata kunci: susu sapi, mengi, anak 6 bulan-5 tahun.

Abstract:Wheezingis the main symptom of asthma in children. One of the factors predisposing this symptom is cow's milk consumption.The objective of this study is to identify the association between cow's milk consumption and wheezing incidence in children at PAUD Islam Terpadu AL-AZHAR.This is an analytic observational study with cross-sectional design. The sample of this study include 60 parents of children aged from 6 months to 5 years old. The result is obtained using valid and reliable questionnaires, ISAAC and cow's milk consumption questionnaire. Analyzed using Chi Square test, the result revealed p value of 0.045 (α<0,05), indicating an association between cow's milk consumption and wheezing incidence in children. The conclusion of this study is that children consuming cow's milk have higher risk for experiencing wheezing.

Keywords: cow's milk, wheezing, 6-month to 5-year-old children


Keywords


susu sapi, mengi, anak 6 bulan-5 tahun; cow's milk, wheezing, 6-month to 5-year-old children

References


DAFTAR PUSTAKA

Stelmaszczyk-emmel A. Regulatory T cells in children with allergy and asthma: It is time to act. Respir Physiol Neurobiol. 2014

Byrne PMO. Asthma. 2nd ed. Vol. 1, International Encyclopedia of Public Health. Canada: Elsevier Inc.; 2017.

Kliegman, Robert M, Bonita F. Stanton. Joseph W., Nina F. Schor REB. Childhood Asthma. In: Gatsch M, editor. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. 20th ed. Philadephia: Elsevier Inc.; 2015. p. 1095–115.

Killeen K. Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, and Clinical Assesment od Asthma in Adult. 2013;48:11–23.

WHO. What is asthma?. WHO; 2017. Available from: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs307/en/

Kementrian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia. Riset Kesehatan Dasar. Jakarta; 2013. p. 86–7.

Espa S, Martorell-aragonés A, Echeverría-zudaire L, Alonso-lebrero E. Allergologia et Position document : IgE-mediated cow ’ s milk allergy. 2015;1–20.

Judarwanto W. Enterobacter sakazakii, Bakteri Pencemar Susu. RS Bunda Jakarta & Picky Eaters Clinic. 2008;

P Ellwood, MI Asher, R Beasley, TO Clayton AS. Phase Three Manual. New Zealand; 2000.

Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Aceh. Profil Kesehatan Provinsi Aceh 2015 [Internet]. Banda Aceh; 2016. p. 56. Available from: www.dinkes.acehprov.go.id

Wang W, Wu H, Liu J. Cow milk induced allergies (CMA) and asthma in new born. 2016;1008–14.

Amu F.A. Asma Pramenstruasi. Vol. 26, Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia. Universitas Indonesia; 2006.

Mandhane PJ, Greene JM, Cowan JO, Taylor DR, Sears MR. Sex differences in factors associated with childhood- and adolescent-onset wheeze. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2005;172(1):45–54.

Wegienka G, Havstad S, Zoratti EM, Ownby DR, Johnson CC. Association of early life wheeze and lung function. Ann Allergy, Asthma Immuno. 2009;102(1):29–34.

Guilbert TW, Mauger DT, Lemanske RF. Childhood Asthma-Predictive Phenotype. J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract. 2014;2(6):664–70.

Granell R, Henderson AJ, Evans DM, Smith GD, Ness AR, Lewis S, et al. Effects of BMI, Fat Mass, and Lean Mass on Asthma in Childhood: A Mendelian Randomization Study. PLoS Med. 2014;11(7):1–14.

Asma O, Amanda G, Amanda G. Obesitas dan Asma. 2016;

Murray MG, Kanuga J, Yee E, Bahna SL. Milk-induced wheezing in children with asthma. Allergol Immunopathol (Madr). 2013;41(5):310–4.

Caffarelli C, Garrubba M, Greco C, Mastrorilli C, Povesi Dascola C. Asthma and Food Allergy in Children: Is There a Connection or Interaction? Front Pediatr 2016;4(April):34.

Siregar SP. Alergi Makanan pada Bayi dan Anak. Sari Pediatr. 2001;3:168–74.

Verduci E, Banderali G, Peroni D, Lassandro C, Radaelli G. Duration of exclusive breastfeeding and wheezing in the first year of life: A longitudinal study. Allergol Immunopathol (Madr). 2017;45(4):316–24.

Ram FSF, Ducharme FM, Scarlett J. WITHDRAWN: Cow’s milk protein avoidance and development of childhood wheeze in children with a family history of atopy. Cochrane database Syst Rev.2007;(2):CD003795.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24815/jks.v18i1.11211

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.



Creative Commons LicenseISSN: 1411-3848E-ISSN: 2579-6372
Copyright© 1987-2017 | ISSN: 1412-1026 | EISSN: 2550-0112 
Jurnal Kedokteran Syiah Kuala is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

 

Published by:
Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Syiah Kuala
 
Jl. Tgk. Tanoh Abee, Kopelma Darussalam,
Banda Aceh, 23111, Indonesia.
Phone: +626517551843 
Email: jks@unsyiah.ac.id


Online Submissions & Guidelines | Editorial Policies | Contact | Statistics | Indexing | Citations