MORPHOLOGY AND MORPHOMETRY OF Haemonchus contortus IN GOATS IN YOGYAKARTA, INDONESIA

Priyo Sambodo, Joko Prastowo, Sudarmanto Indarjulianto, Kurniasih Kurniasih

Abstract


This research was carried out to determine the morphology and morphometry of Haemonchus contortus in goats. Adult female parasites were collected from abomasum of naturally infected goats and stored in lactophenol. Images of the parasite were acquired using lucida camera and measurement was performed using Axiovision LE software. Basic characters of the morphology and morphometry of Haemonchus spp. were identified by determining the value of the discriminant function of three parameters on spicule. Vulvar morphology was identified by vulvar flap shape. Data were presented in terms of mean, standard deviation, and percentage. A hundred percent of the parasites were H. contortus with discriminant function value < 0.63. The size of female parasites was longer and wider (25.5-32.6 mm; 0.38-0.63 mm) than that of male ones (17.3-20.0 mm; 0.24-0.33 mm). There were only 2 varieties of vulvar flap, linguiform (81%), and knobbed (19%). There were 5 subclasses identified in the linguiform type, including linguiform A (39%), linguiform B (22%), linguiform C (17%), linguiform I (1%), and a new subclass of linguiform D (2%). Based on the the type of vulvar flap, H. contortus found in goats in Yogyakarta were different to those found in previous researches. The findings could be used in identifying the parasite species in small ruminants.


Keywords


Haemonchus contortus; linguiform D; morfologi; morfometri; vulvar flap

Full Text:

PDF

References


Achi, Y.L., J. Zinsstag, K. Yao, N. Yeo, P. Dorchies, P. Jacquiet. 2003. Host specificity of Haemonchus spp for domestic ruminants in the savanna in northern Ivory Coast. Vet Parasitol 116:151-158.

Akkari, H., M. Gharbi, S. Awadi, D.A. Mohamed, B. Kumsa. 2013. New sublinguiform vulvar flap of Haemonchus species in naturally infected domestic ruminants in Beja Abattoir, North Tunisia. Vet Arhiv 83(3): 281-291.

Amarante, A.F.T. 2011. Why is it important to correctly identify Haemonchus species?. Rev Bras Parasitol Vet 20(4): 263-268.

Babar, M.E., T. Hussain, M.S. Ahmad, A. Ali, K. Abbas, M.M. Ali. 2015. Evaluation of Pakistani goat breeds for genetic resistance to Haemonchus contortus. Acta Vet Brno 84: 231-235.

FAO. 1991. Food Losses Due to Non-Infectious and Production Diseases in Developing Countries, Uniteds Nation, 223 p.

Gahramah, A.A., W.A. Rahman, S.A.M. Nor. 2012. Phenotypic differences of Haemonchus contortus from sheep and goats in the State of Perak and Kelantan, Peninsular Malaysia. Acta Parasitol 56: 412-417.

Haryuningtyas, D., Beriajaya, G.D. Gray. 2001. Antelmintihic resistance against benzimidazole group on sheep and goats. National seminar of animal science technology and veterinary 2001.

Haryuningtyas, D., W.T. Artama. 2008. Sequence analysis of β-tubulin isotype 1 gene from benzimidazole resistant strains of Haemonchus contortus, a parasitic nematode of sheep in Indonesia. J AgroBiogen 4(2): 45-50.

Jacquiet, P., J.F. Humbert, A.M. Comes, J. Cabaret, A. Thiam, D. Cheikh. 1995. Ecological, morphological and genetic characterization of sympatric Haemonchus spp parasites of domestic ruminants in Mauritania. Parasitology 110: 483-492.

Kaplan, R.M. 2004. Drug resistance in nematodes of veterinary importance. a status report. Trends Parasitol 20: 477-481.

Kuchai, J.A., F. Ahmad, M.Z. Chishti, H. Tak, J. Ahmad, S. Ahmad, M. Rasool. 2012. A study on morphology and morphometry of Haemonchus contortus. Pakistan J Zool 44(6): 1737-1741.

Kumsa, B., A. Tolera, R. Abebe. 2008. Vulvar morphology and sympatry of Haemonchus species in naturally infected sheep and goats of Ogaden region, eastern Ethiopia. Vet Arhiv 78(4): 331-342.

Le Jambre, L.F., J.H. Whitlock. 1968. Seasonal flunctuation in linguiform morphs of Haemonchus contortus cayugensis. J Parasitol 54: 827-830.

Max, R.A., J.M. Dawson, D. Wakelin, P.J. Buttery, A.E. Kimambo, A.A. Kassuku, L.A. Mtenga. 2002. Effect of condensed tanin extracts on gastrointestinal nematodes of small ruminants. In: Proceedings of the Second DFID Livestock Production Programme Link Project (R7798) Workshop for Smallstock Holders. Sokoine University of Agriculture, Morogoro, Tanzania. 43-46 pp.

Mir, R.M., M.Z. Chisti, M. Rashid, S.A. Dar, R. Katoch, S. Rasool, R. Rasool. 2013. First report on morphology and morphometry of Haemonchus contortus in sheep of Jammu (J&K)-India. Trends Parasitol Res 2(2): 1-4.

Rahman, W.A., S.A. Hamid. 2007. Morphological characterization of Haemonchus contortus in goats (Capra hircus) and sheep (Ovis aries) in Penang, Malaysia. Trop Biomed 24(1): 23-27.

Rose, J.H. 1966. The vulvar flap formula of Haemonchus contortus from sheep in South east England. Res Vet Sci 7: 480-483.

Sahai, B.N., P.G. Deo. 1964. Studies on the Haemonchus contortus (Rudolphi, 1802) Cobb 1898 and Haemonchus (Molin, 1860) Railliet and Henry (1909) with a note on the synonym of Haemonchus placei (Place, 1893) with Haemonchus bispinosus. Ind J Helminthol 16: 5-11.

Soulsby, E.J.L. 1982. Helminths, Arthropords and protozoa of Domesticated animals, 7th Ed. The English Book Society and Bailliere Tindall, London.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.21157/j.ked.hewan.v12i3.11026

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2019 by author and J. Ked. Hewan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Editorial Office

Jurnal Kedokteran Hewan (Indonesian Journal of Veterinary Sciences)

Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Syiah Kuala University
Jl. Tgk. Hasan Krueng Kalee No. 4, Kampus FKH Unsyiah Darussalam
Banda Aceh 23111, Indonesia
Phone/Fax. +62-651-7551536, CP: +6285260153935; +6281362693330
e-mail: jkh@unsyiah.ac.id; jurnal_khusk@yahoo.com

  

p-ISSN: 1978-225X e-ISSN: 2502-5600


Creative Commons License
J Ked Hewan
is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.