HUBUNGAN PEMANFAATAN POSYANDU DENGAN STATUS GIZI BALITA DI KECAMATAN KOTA JANTHO

Fithria, Fithria, Nurul Azmi

Abstract


ABSTRAK

Masalah gizi masih banyak dialami oleh balita saat ini dan salah satu cara meminimalkannya adalah dengan memanfaatkan posyandu. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui hubungan pemanfaatan posyandu dengan status gizi balita di Kecamatan Kota Jantho tahun 2014. Desain adalah descriptive corelative dengan pendekatan cross sectional study. Populasi seluruh keluarga yang memanfaatkan posyandu yang ada di Kecamatan Kota Jantho yang berjumlah 304 keluarga yang tersebar dalam lima desa di wilayah kecamatan Kota Jantho. Pengumpulan data di posyandu tanggal 8- 24 Mei 2014. Teknik pengambilan sampel adalah probability sampling dengan pendekatan accidental sampling. Data dikumpulkan dengan wawancara terpimpin sesuai kuesioner dan pengukuran berat badan dan tinggi badan. Metode analisis data dengan menggunkan uji chi-square pada tingkat kemaknaan (α) = 5%.. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan ada hubungan pemanfaatan posyandu dengan status gizi balita (p- value 0,000). Pemanfaatan posyandu sangat penting untuk memantau perkembangan dan kondisi kesehatan balita. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian diharapkan petugas puskesmas dapat memotivasi ibu-ibu untuk membawa balita ke posyandu secara teratur.

Kata kunci: Pemanfaatan, posyandu, status gizi balita


ABSTRACT

Most of chlidren have problem with nutrition and it can be minimized by integrates service centre (Posyandu) utization. The purpose of study was to identify correlation between integrated service centre (posyandu) utilization by family and nutrition status of children in Jantho 2014. The research design was correlative descriptive with cross sectional study approach. Population was the whole families who utilizing integrates service centre (Posyandu) in subdustricts of Jantho composed 304 families among five villages in Jantho. Data was collected in integrated service centre (Posyandu) on May, 8-24 2014. Sampling method used probability sampling with accidental sampling approach. Data was collected by guided interview according to questionnaire and weight and height measurement. Data was analized by using chi square test with level of significance (α = 5%). The result of the research showed that there was correlation between integrated service centre (Posyandu) utilization by family and children nutrition status (p-value : 0,000). Posyandu utilization is important for optimalization nutrition status and children health. Based on the result, it is recommended for health care workers of public health centre to provide health education for mothers with children about the importance of visiting integrated service centre (Posyandu) for maintaining nutrition status.

Keyword: utilization, integrated service centre, nutrition status, children


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INJ

IDEA NURSING JURNAL

ISSN (Print) : 2087-2879

ISSN (Online) : 2580-2445

Fakultas Keperawatan, Universitas Syiah Kuala

Jl. Tgk. Tanoh Abee, Darussalam, Banda Aceh 23111,

Phone/Fax. Telp: +62651 7555249.

e-mail:idea.nursingjournal@gmail.com

  
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