Teaching reading comprehension by using short stories

Hasbaini Hasbaini, Abdul Manan


This research was intended to figure out the effectiveness of the use of short stories in teaching reading comprehension to enhance the quality of students’ reading to the first semester students of Tarbiyah of Muhammadiyah University of Aceh. The mayor principle of conducting this research was to investigate whether or not the students in the experimental group taught by using short stories would produce a higher achievement than those of the control group taught by using conventional study. To find out the effectiveness of the use of short stories, the pre-test and the post-test were given for those groups. The result of data analysis demonstrated that there was a significant difference on students’ achievement from both groups proved by the average of the post-test’s score. As a result, the score of the post-test of the experimental group is higher than that of the control group (80:65) by which the gained score for t-test was 8 while the value for t-table was 1,684 at the level of significance 0,05. It means that t-score was higher than t-table (8 > 1,684). It can be concluded that the students who were taught by using short stories had a better achievement in reading comprehension than those who taught by using conventional study.


Short Story; Reading Comprehension; Conventional Style

Full Text:



Arikunto, S. (2006). Prosedur Penelitian Suatu Pendekatan Praktek. Jakarta: PT Rineka Cipta.

Arikunto, S. (1997). Metode Penelitian. Jakarta: Gramedia Group.

Alice, O. (1986). Teaching Language in Context: Proficiency Oriented Instruction. Boston: Heinle Publisher.

Armstrong, S. (2012). Natural Learning in Higher Education. London: Cambridge University Press.

Adam, J., Carlson, H., & Hamm, A. (1990). Teaching Reading by Using Cooperative Learning. New Jersey: Harper Collins College Publisher.

Beatrice, S., & Linda, J. (1996). More Reading Power. New York: Addison Wesley Publishing Company.

Brown, H. (2001). Teaching by Prinsiple an Interactive Approach to Language Pedagogy. New York: Pearson Education.

Brown, H. (2010). Understanding Research in Second Language Learning: A Teacher Guide to Statistics and Research. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Croft, K. (1992). Reading on English as a Second Language. Massachusetts: Cambridge University Press.

Carrol, J., & Jeanne, S (1975). Toward Literature Society. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company.

Doff, A. (1994). Teaching English: A Teaching Course for Teachers. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Donna, E. (1974). The Effective Teaching of Linguage Arts. Columbus: Merrill Publising Campany.

Davis, F. (1993). Tools for Teaching. California: Jossey-Bass Publisher.

Djasi, M. (2001). Introduction to Literature. Banda Aceh: Nuraini Enterprise.

Evelin, F. (2003). A Practical Guide to Reading Comprehension Exercise. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Edwen, J. (1990). Improving Reading Skill by Using Narative Text. (Unpublised Thesis). Palembang, Universitas Sriwijaya.

Ellis, R., & Hedge. (1993). Second Language Acquisition Research: How Does It Help Lecturers, 1(47).102-109. Retrieved from http://www.Academic journals.Org/ERR.

Emerald, D. (1973). Reading Improvement in the Secondary School. New Jersey: Prentice- Hall Press.

Fitriani, (2005). An Analysis Difficult Level and English Test Item A Study at MA Al-Huda. (Unpublised Thesis). Malang, Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang.

Fraenkel, J., & Wallen, N. (2007). How to Desain and Evaluate Research in Education with Power Web. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Francine, A. (2009). How to Make Small-Group Learning Work. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall Press.

Forgan, H., & Charles, M. (1981). Teaching Content Area Reading Skills. Texas: Merrill Publising Campany.

Frima, H. (1996). A Course in Language Teaching: Practice and Theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Gloria, S. (1988). Developing Reading Skill for EFL Students. Jakarta: Departement Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan P2LPTK.

Gillet, J., & Temple, C. (1994). Understanding Reading Problems. New York: Harper Collins College Publisher.

Grellet, P. (1988). Developing Reading Skill: A Practical Guide to Reading Comprehension Exercise. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Grellet, F. (1988). Developing Reading Skills: A Pratical Guide to Reading Comprehension Exercises. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Grabe, W. (2008). Reading in a Second Language Reading from Theory to Practice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Harris, H., & Sherblom, F. (2008). A Practical Guide to Cooperative Learning. Massachussetss: Allyn and Bacon Publisher.

Hancock, O. (1987). Reading Skills for College Students. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall Press.

Harmer, J. (1985). The Practice of English Language Tehnique. New York: Longman.

Husaini, U., & Purnama, S. (2011). Pengantar Statiska. Jakarta: PT. Bumi Aksara.

Johnson, D., Johnson, R., & Smith, K. (1991). Cooperative Learning. Increasing College Faculty Instructional Productivity. Washington, D.C: George Washington University.

Jean, G., & Charles, T. (1974). Understanding Reading Problem. New York: Harper College Publiser.

Kahayanto, E. (2005). A Comperative Study on Students’ Achievement in Reading. (Unpublised Thesis). Palangka Raya, Universitas Palangka Raya.

Kridalaksana. (1984). Kamus Linguistik. Jakarta: Gramedia.

Karlin, R. (1984). Teaching Reading in Senior High School. New York: Harper and Row Publisher.

Kagan, L. (2005). Cooperative Learning. New York: Prentice-Hall Press.

Kubiszyn, J., & Boriszyn, A. (2001). Research Methodology. New York: Practice-Hall Press.

Lie, A. (2002). Cooperative Learning: Memperaktekkan Cooperative Learning Di Ruang-Ruang Kelas. Jakarta: PT Gramedia Widya Sarana Indonesia.

Lyle, L. (1989). Devoloping Reading Efficiency. New York: Burgess Publishing Campany.

Louise, R. (1989). Literature as Exploration. New York: Noble Press.

Lou, E. (1989). Reading Strategies for Middle and Secondary School Teacher. Wesley: Wesley Publishing Campany.

Lindawati. (2011). Teaching Reading by using Short Stories. (Unpublised Thesis). Medan, Universitas Muhammadiyah.

Miller, W. (1971). Indentifing and Correcting Reading Difficulties in Children. Boston: The Center of Applied Research and Education, Inc.

Munarwati. (2012). A Study in English Short Passages. (Unpublised Thesis). Palembang, Universitas Sriwijaya.

Norton, D. (1985). The Effective Teaching of Language Arts. New York: Merrill Publishing Company.

Nuttal, C. (1982). Teaching Reading Skill in a Forein Language. London: The Chauser Press.

Patker, D. (1965). Short Story. Toronto: Charles Scribner’s Sons Press.

Percontra. (2009). Short Story Text. Retrieved on March 16th, 2016. From http://www.percontra.com/category.

Prasetyo, M., & Jannah, S. (2005). Metode Penelitian. Bandung: PT. Gramedia Pusaka Press.

River, W. (1996). The Reading Skill Teaching Foreign Language Skill. Chicago: Chicago University Press.

Sudjana. (2002). Pengantar Statistika. Bandung: Tarsito Press.

Simanjuntak, E. (1988). Developing Reading Skill For EFL Students. Jakarta: Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan P2LPTK.

Suasti, N. (2003). Teaching Reading by Using Group Strategy. (Unpublised Thesis). Medan, Universitas Medan.

Surachmad. (1990). Metode Penelitian. Jakarta: PT. Rineka Cipta.

Yuliana. (2013). Teaching Reading Narrative Text. (Unpublised Thesis). Medan, Universitas Medan.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

E-ISSN: 2085-3750 

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.