LANGUAGE PREFERENCES WITHIN ACEHNESE DOMESTIC EXTENTS

Maryanti Maryanti, Kismullah Kismullah, Meta Keumala, Nurul Habsah, Malahayati Malahayati

Abstract


Language use may reveal how one chooses a language or a language variety for communication purpose and show his/her communicative competence as well as communicative performance. According Ervin-Tripp (1964), verbal behavior, and thus the choice of language of a person, can be associated with a number of factors which include (1) setting (time and place) and situation; (2) participants in the interaction; (3) the topic of the conversation, and; (4) interaction functions. This research studied 10 families in Banda Aceh to understand the contexts of their language choice and preferences. The authors purposively chose mothers as the interviewees because they are considered as the main role model of their children especially in acquiring their first language (mother tongue). This is a qualitative descriptive study using structured interviews as the method for data collection. The interview guide contained a set of standard, predetermined, and sequenced questions to inquire about the participants contexts of language use and preferences. The results show that most of the interviewees choose to use Indonesian or Acehnese language based on the situation and the participants with whom they interact.  The findings also reveal common code-mixing practices among the participants back and forth the two languages.


Keywords


Language choice; code mixing; vernacular language; Acehnese; Indonesian; domestic extents

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References


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