NARRATIVE STRUCTURE AND ECOLOGICAL WISDOM OF MAK UNGKAI MALAY STORY IN RIAU ISLANDS

Tomi Arianto, Dairi Saptarindu Simanjuntak

Abstract


The spirit of Mak Ungkai is begun to be forgotten and not widely known by the Malay people. The forbidden Malay traditions of the folklore are begun to fade. The society awareness and habits can be formed by inspiring and upholding of folklore as a local wisdom. Greimas Structuralism (Culler. 2004) and Garrards Ecocritics (2004) are two important theories dealing to this study. The study of narrative structure was used to dissect the spirit of the sea story. Eco-criticism was used to observe the interconnection between Malay folklore and the ecological wisdom. The coastal locals of Tanjung Kertang, Sebulang, Batam, Riau Islands were the informants. The results showed that the spirit of the sea Mak Ungkai story was inseparable from the local wisdom. The sea, as the central life of nature, was inseparable from human. The spirits of Mak Ungkai, Datuk Jerampang, and Awang Jangkung were not only as the antagonists but also as a part of nature. This story does not only present a frightening myth but it also shows how to maintain the balance of nature.


Keywords


Nature; ecological wisdom; Malay folklore; spirit of the sea

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References


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