Metaphorical Thinking of Students in Solving Algebraic Problems based on Their Cognitive Styles

Muthmainnah Muthmainnah, Marwan Ramli, M Ikhsan


One of thinking concepts which connects real life to mathematics is called metaphorical thinking. Metaphor and modelling are two closely related concepts. Besides, each individual performs different cognitive styles, such as field independent (FI) and field dependent (FD) cognitive styles. This factor possibly leads to different metaphorical thinking in solving algebraic problems. The participants of this qualitative research consist of two students at grade 7 of one of junior high school in Banda Aceh, Indonesia, with FI and FD as their cognitive styles. Based on the findings, it is found that: 1) Metaphorical thinking of the student with FI cognitive style in solving the algebraic problem in the stage of understanding the problem, devising a plan, carrying out the plan, and looking back is considered to achieve the target for each criteria of CREATE; 2) Metaphorical thinking of the student with FD cognitive style in solving the problem in the all four stages but could not reveal all criteria mentioned in CREATE. This happens as the student is unable to find the appropriate metaphor to the algebraic problem. Therefore, the student does not need to explain the suitability of the metaphor to the algebraic problem.


metaphorical thinking, problem solving, field independent, field dependent

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Jurnal Didaktik Matematika

ISSN 2355 – 4185 (print) | 2548 – 8546 (online)

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Master Program of Mathematics Education incorporated with Himpunan Matematika Indonesia (Indonesian Mathematical Society/IndoMs)

Faculty of Teacher Training and Education

Universitas Syiah Kuala

Darussalam, Banda Aceh, Indonesia - 23111

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Jurnal Didaktik Matematika by Program Studi Magister Pendidikan Matematika FKIP Universitas Syiah Kuala is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
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