Analisis Kesalahan Siswa dalam Menilai Kebenaran Suatu Pernyataan

Yayan Eryk Setiawan

Abstract


The reasonings students provided in assessing the truth of a statement still show many mistakes. Therefore, this present research aimed to find the students’ errors in judging the truth of a statement. The present research employed a qualitative approach, and the participants were 10th-grade senior high school students in one of Lumajang district. This research instrument consisted of three questions demanding evaluative abilities.  The findings showed that the students made three kinds of errors reasoning in judging the truth of the statements, which are conceptual errors, principle errors, and factual errors. This study is implied to the Mathematics teachers to provide students opportunities to construct definitions, distinguish the differences among the characteristics of two and three-dimensional figures, and to explain the meaning of mathematical symbols in various contexts to avoid conceptual errors, principle errors, and factual errors.

Keywords


critical thinking skills, judging the truth of statements, conceptual errors, principle errors, factual errors.

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24815/jdm.v7i1.14495

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Jurnal Didaktik Matematika

ISSN 2355 – 4185 (print) | 2548 – 8546 (online)

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Master Program of Mathematics Education incorporated with Himpunan Matematika Indonesia (Indonesian Mathematical Society/IndoMs)

Faculty of Teacher Training and Education

Universitas Syiah Kuala

Darussalam, Banda Aceh, Indonesia - 23111

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Jurnal Didaktik Matematika by Program Studi Magister Pendidikan Matematika FKIP Universitas Syiah Kuala is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at http://jurnal.unsyiah.ac.id/DM