Relationship between Science Literacy and Disaster Preparedness: The Possible Role of Curriculum in Behavior Theories

Michael Cahapay, Rachel Patricia Ramirez

Abstract


While classical behavior theories assume that knowledge is linked to change in human behavior, there is a growing trend reporting the dissociation between these two constructs. This study aimed to determine the relationship between knowledge as measured by science literacy and behavior as represented by the disaster preparedness of the students.  It mainly employed a correlation research design involving 280 Grade VIII students in a public high school in the Philippines during the school year 2018-2019. The psychometric properties of the instruments used were established. The descriptive and inferential statistics provided the mean, percentage, standard deviation, and correlation coefficient for the variables under this research. Results showed that the students have a moderate level of science literacy and a low level of disaster preparedness. The results further revealed that there is a negative and weak relationship between the science literacy and disaster preparedness of the students. A broader explanatory context of this result is further discussed with the possible role of the curriculum. The conclusions and recommendations are offered in the paper.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ajzen, I., Joyce, N., Sheikh, S., & Cote, N.G. (2011). Knowledge and the prediction of behavior: The role of information accuracy in the theory of planned behavior. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 33(2), 101-117. doi:10.1080/01973533.2011.568834

Ananth, P., & Koopman, C. (2003). HIV-AIDS knowledge, beliefs, and behavior among women of childbearing age in India. AIDS Education and Prevention, 15(6), 529–546. https://doi.org/10.1521/aeap.15.7.529.24049

Armas I. & Avram E. (2008). Patterns and trends in the perception of seismic risk. Case study: Bucharest Municipality/Romania. Natural Hazards, 44(1), 147-61. doi:10.1007/s11069-007-9147- 9.

Bloom, B.S. (1956). Taxonomy of educational objectives: Handbook. David McKay, New York.

Bandura A. (2004). Health promotion by social cognitive means. Health Education Behavior, 31(2):143–164. https://doi.org/10.1177/1090198104263660

Creswell, J. (2012). Educational research: Planning, conducting, and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research. New Jersey: Pearson Education, Inc.

DiClemente, R. J. (1989). Prevention of human immunodeficiency virus infection among adolescents: The interplay of health education and public policy in the development and implementation of school-based AIDS education programs. AIDS Education and Prevention, 1(1), 70–78. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2641220

Feeley, T. H., & Servoss, T. J. (2005). Examining college students’ intentions to become organ donors. Journal of Health Communication, 10(3), 237–249. https://doi.org/10.1080/10810730590934262

Fisher, J. D., & Fisher, W. A. (1992). Changing AIDS-risk behavior. Psychological Bulletin, 111(3), 455–474. doi:10.1037/0033-2909.111.3.455

Guerra, C. E., Dominguez, F., & Shea, J. A. (2005). Literacy and knowledge, attitudes, and behavior about colorectal cancer screening. Journal of Health Communication, 10(7), 651–663. https://doi.org/10.1080/ 10810730500267720

Pineda, L.T. (2016, January). Disaster preparedness is part of K-12 program. Reliefweb. Retrieved from https://reliefweb.int/report/philippines/disaster-preparedness-part-k-12-program

Lindell M.K., & Prater C.S. (2000). Household adoption of seismic hazard adjustments: A comparison of residents in two states. International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters,18(2), 317-38.

Mamon, M.A.C., Suba, R.A.V., & Son. I.L. (2018). Disaster risk reduction knowledge of Grade 11 students: Impact of senior high school disaster education in the Philippines. International Journal of Health System Disaster Management, 5(3), 69-74. doi:10.4103/ijhsdm.ijhsdm_16_17

McClure, J,. Allen M.W., & Walkey, F. (2001). Countering fatalism: Causal information in news reports affects judgments about earthquake damage. Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 23(2), 109-21. https://doi.org/10.1207/S15324834BASP2302_3

McIvor, D. & Paton, D. (2007) Preparing for natural hazards: normative and attitudinal influences. Disaster Prevention and Management, 16(1), 79-88. https://doi.org/10.1108/ 09653560710729839

Najafi, M., Ardalan, A., Akbarisari, A., Noorbala ,A.A., & Elmi, H. (2017). The theory of planned behavior and disaster preparedness. PLOS Currents Disasters, 1. doi: 10.1371/currents.dis.4da18e0f1479bf6c0a94b29e0dbf4a72.

Paton, D., Millar, M., & Johnston, D. (2001). Community resilience to volcanic hazard consequences. Natural Hazards, 24(2), 157-69. doi: 10.1023/A:1011882106373

Ronan, K.R., Crellin, K., Johnston, D.M., Finnis, K., Paton, D., & Becker, J. (2008). Promoting child and family resilience to disasters: Effects, interventions, and prevention effectiveness. Children Youth and Environments, 18(1), 332-53.

Schlueter, L. A. (1982). Knowledge and beliefs about breast cancer and breast self-examination among athletic and nonathletic women. Nursing Research, 31(6), 348–353. https://doi.org/10.1097/00006199-198211000-00007

Sheeran, P., & Taylor, S. (1999). Predicting intentions to use condoms: A meta-analysis and comparison of the theories of reasoned action and planned behavior. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 29(8), 1624–1675. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1559-1816.1999.tb02045.x

Silver Wallace, L. (2002). Osteoporosis prevention in college women: Application of the expanded health belief model. American Journal of Health Behavior, 26(3), 163–172. https://doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.26.3.1

Spirito, A., Ruggiero, L., Duckworth, M., & Low, K. G. (1993). The relationship of diabetes knowledge to regimen compliance and metabolic control during pregnancy. Psychology & Health, 8(5), 345–353. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/ 08870449308401927

Teimourtash, M. & YazdaniMoghaddam, M. (2017). On the plausibility of Bloom’s higher order thinking strategies on learner autonomy: The paradigm shift. Asian-Pacific Journal of Second and Foreign Language Education, 1-29. doi:10.1186/s40862-017-0037-8




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24815/ajse.v2i2.16803

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Asian Journal of Science Education



Asian Journal of Science Education

ISSN  2715-5641 (online)
Organized by Jurusan Pendidikan Fisika FKIP Universitas Syiah Kuala
Published by Syiah Kuala University
Website : http://jurnal.unsyiah.ac.id/ajse
Email     : ajse@unsyiah.ac.id


Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License