Check list of the marine commercial and reef fishes of Belitung Timur, Bangka Belitung Islands, Indonesia

Helmy Akbar, Jailani Jailani, Iwan Suyatna, Destilawaty Destilawaty, Singgih Afifa Putra, Indra Ambalika


Marine fish community is very sensitive to environmental changes. So the number of species, abundance, and biodiversity index can be used as a reference to assess the quality of the aquatic environment. The aim of this study was to describe fish biodiversity in Belitung Timur, Bangka Belitung Islands, Indonesia. Three islands were visited i.e. Pekandis Island, and Keran Island, Gosong Semut (Gosong refers to sandbar) for reef fish survey and for the economical fish study we also visited fisheries landing sites (i.e. Teluk Pering, Tanjung Batu Pulas, and Pantai Burung Mandi). The underwater visual census was used for in situ surveys of reef fish, and the fish species landed in fisheries landing site also been checked. Forty-two families of economical fish that had been landed by local fishermen were identified, and ten families of reef fish were found in reef systems of research location. A total of 10 families were recorded from three islands in Belitung Timur Regency. In addition, 42 families of commercial fish were also observed in fish landing sites from the coastline of Belitung Timur Regency, Bangka Belitung Islands.

Full Text:



Allen, G. 1999. Marine fishes of South-East Asia: A Field Guide for

Anglers and Divers. Periplus edition, Singapore.

Allen, G.R. 2008. Conservation hotspots of biodiversity and endemism for Indo-Pacific coral reef fishes. Marine and Freshwwater Ecosystem, 18(5): 541–556.

Allen, G.R, T.B. Werner. 2002. Coral reef fish assessment in the ‘coral triangle’ of Southeastern Asia. Environmental Biology of Fishes, 65(2): 209–214.

Allen, G.R., M. Adrim. 2003. Coral reef fishes of Indonesia. Zoological Studies, 42(1): 1-72.

Apriza, S., W. Adi, E. Utami. 2016. Keanekaragaman ikan karang di Perairan Rebo Sungailiat, Bangka. Akuatik - Jurnal Sumberdaya Perairan, 10(1): 36-41.

Barber, P.H., D.R. Bellwood. 2005. Biodiversity hotspots: evolutionary origins of biodiversity in wrasses (Halichoeres:

Labridae) in the Indo-Pacific and new world tropics. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 35(1): 235-253.

Barbier, E.B., S.D. Hacker, C. Kennedy, E.W. Koch, A.C. Stier, B.R. Silliman. 2011. The value of estuarine and coastal ecosystem services. Ecological Monograph 81(2): 169–193.

Batubara, A.S., Z.A. Muchlisin, M.Y. Thamren, U. Usnardi, N. Fadli. 2017. Check list of marine fishes from Simeulue Island waters, Aceh Province, Indonesia. Aceh Journal of Animal Science, 2(2): 77-84.

Bellwood, D.R., J.H. Choat. 1990. A functional analysis of grazing in parrotfishes (family Scaridae): the ecological implications. In: Bruton M.N. (eds) Alternative life-history styles of fishes. Developments in environmental biology of fishes, vol 10. Springer, Dordrecht.

Chan, T.T., Y. Sadovy. 2000. Profile of the marine aquarium fish trade in Hong Kong. Aquarium Sciences and Conservation, 2(4):197-213.

Cure, K. 2016. Biogeography and ecology of baldchin groper Choerodon ruberscen in a changing climate. The University of Western Australia, Perth.

Glynn, P.W. 2004. High Complexity Food Webs in Low-diversity Eastern Pacific Reef-Coral Communities. Ecosystems, 7(4): 358-367.

Hill, J., C. Wilkinson. 2004. Methods for ecological monitoring of coral reefs. Australian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville.

Hukom, F.D. 2010. Keanekaragaman dan kelimpahan sumberdaya ikan di Teluk Klabat, Perairan Bangka Belitung. Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia, 10(1): 11-23.

Iwatsuki, Y., M.I. Djawad, A.I. Burhanuddin, H. Motomura, K. Hidaka. 2000. A preliminary list of the epipelagic and inshore fishes of Makassar (=Ujung Pandang), South Sulawesi, Indonesia, collected mainly from fish markets between 23-27 January 2000, with notes on fishery catch characteristics. Bulletin of the Faculty of Agriculture, Miyaxaki University, 41(1-2): 95-114.

Jailani. 2013. Sebaran komunitas ikan padang lamun (seagrass beds) pada musim barat di Perairan Pesisir Kota Bontang, Kalimantan Timur. Jurnal Ilmu Perikanan Tropis, 19(1): 75-81.

Jones, G.P., M.J. Milicich, M.J. Emslie, C. Lunow. 1999. Self-recruitment in a coral reef fish population. Nature, 402: 802–804.

Juliani, I. Suyatna. 2014. The stock potency of demersal fish resource at the coastal zone, East Kutai District in East Kalimantan. International Journal of Science and Engineering, 6(2): 135-143.

Kaunda-Arara, B., G.A. Rose, M.S. Muchiri, R. Kaka. 2003. Long-term trends in coral reef fish yields and exploitation rates of commercial species from Coastal Kenya. Western Indian Ocean Journal of Marine Science, 2(2): 105–116.

Kuiter, R.H., T. Tonozuka. 2001. Pictorial guide to Indonesia Reef Fishes. Vol. 1-3. Zoonetics. Seaford Vic 3198, Australia.

Letourneur, Y., M. Kulbicki, P. Labrosse. 1998. Spatial structure of commercial reef fish communities along a terrestrial runoff gradient in the northern lagoon of New Caledonia. Environmental Biology of Fishes, 51(2): 141–159.

McAllister, D., A. Ansula. 2005. Selamatkan terumbu karang Indonesia: Buku panduan pelestarian terumbu karang. Terj. Dari Save our coral reefs: A coral reef care manual. Oleh: Razak, T.B. dan K.L.M.A. Simatupang. Yayasan TERANGI, Jakarta

Moberg, F., C. Folke. 1999. Ecological goods and services of coral reef ecosystems. Ecological Economics, 29(2): 215–233.

Mumby, P.J., A.J. Edwards, J.E. Arias-Gonzalez, K.C. Lindeman, P.G. Blackwell, A. Gall, M.I. Gorczynska, A.R. Harborne, C.L. Pescod, H. Renken, C.C.C. Wabnitz, G. Llewellyn. 2004. Mangroves enhance the biomass of coral reef fish communities in the Caribbean. Nature, 427(6974): 533-536.

Read, C.I., D.R. Bellwood, L. Van-Herwerden. 2006. Ancient origins of Indo-Pacific coral reef fish biodiversity: A case study of the leopard wrasses (Labridae: Macropharyngodon). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 38(3): 808-819.

Robertson, D.R., 1982. Fish feces as fish food on a Pacific coral reef. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 7(3): 253-265.

Sale, P.F. 1977. Maintenance of high diversity in coral reef fish communities. The American Naturalist, 111(978): 337-359.

Sumadhiharga, O.K., A. Djamali, M. Badrudin. 2006. Keanekaragaman jenis ikan karang di perairan Belitung Barat, Kepulauan Bangka Belitung. Indonesian Journal of Marine Science, 11(4): 201 – 209.

Watson, M., D. Righton, T. Austin, R. Ormond. 1996. The Effects of fishing on coral reef fish abundance and diversity. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 76(01): 229-233.



  • There are currently no refbacks.


This work  is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial 4.0 International License (CC - BY - NC 4.0).