Street Vendors Resiliencies: The Role of Social Capital and Community Governance

Andy Arya Maulana Wijaya, Lia Hanifa, Hastuti Hastuti, Lilis Maryasih

Abstract


This study aims to assess the social capital capabilities of the Street Vendors in several places in  Baubau, as a means to understand and input policies for structuring and empowering that is oriented to the capacity of the community. The general view of this group is still oriented about quantity and how to contribute to retribution, but the capacity of the street vendor community can become a form of community contribution in improving regional competitiveness. The results of the analysis suggest that the social capital capabilities of street vendors can be observed in their interactions in groups. Some elements that describe social capital such as trust, collective rules, and networking with the other groups. However, this study is aware of weaknesses in leadership that have not been able to become an effective group liaison with local governments.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Adi, Isbandi Rukminto. 2008., Intervensi Komunitas Pengembangan Masyarakat sebagai Upaya Pemberdayaan Masyarakat, Jakarta: Rajawali Press.

Ancok, D. 1997. Revitalisasi Sumber Daya Manusia Dalam Era Perubahan, Yogyakarta: Gadjah Mada University Business Review, No.8, 104-117

Ahkam, H. 2015. Program Penataan Pedagang Kaki Lima (PKL) di Wilayah Perkotaan (Studi Pada Pemerintah Daerah Kabupaten Bondowoso). Jurnal Administrasi Publik, 3(9), 1548-1552.

Bourdiau, P. And Wacquant, L. 1992. An Invitation to Reflexive sociology. Chicago. University of Chicago Press.

Bungin, M. Burhan, 2007, Penelitian Kualitatif : Komunikasi, Ekonomi, Kebijakan Publik dan Ilmu Sosial Lainnya, Jakarta : Kencana.

Bowles, Samuel and Herbert Gintis, Social Capital and Community Governance. 2002. TheEconomic Journal 112 (November), F419-F436. Royal Economic Society. Diakses melalui http://tuvalu.santafe.edu/~bowles/SocialCapital.pdf. (10/10/2013. pukul 22.00 wib)

Cresswell, John. W, 2010, Research Design : Pendekatan Kualitatif, Kuantitatif dan Mixed, Yogyakarta : Pustaka Pelajar.

Eversole, Robyn. 2011., Community Agency and Community Engagement: Re-theorising Participation in Governance, Journal of Public Policy / Volume 31 pp 51-71, http://journals.cambridge.org/abstract_S0143814X10000206 (10/10/2013. pukul 22.00 wib)

Field, John. 2010., Modal Sosial, Bandung: Kreasi Wacana.

Fukuyama, Francis.,2010. Trust: Kebijakan Sosial dan Penciptaan Kemakmuran, Yogyakarta: Penerbit Qalam.

Handoyo, E. 2013. Kontribusi Modal Sosial dalam Meningkatkan Kesejahteraan Pedagang Kaki Lima Pascarelokasi. Komunitas: International Journal of Indonesian Society and Culture, 5(2).

Hasbullah, Jousairi. 2006. Social capital: menuju keunggulan budaya manusia Indonesia. MR.United Press, Jakarta.

Ife, J., & Tesoriero, F. 2008. Community development: Alternatif pengembangan masyarakat di era globalisasi. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Ghony, M.D, dan Almanshur, F, 2012, Metodologi Penelitian Kualitatif, Yogyakarta :Ar-Ruzz Media.

Liu, J., Qu, H., Huang, D., Chen, G., Yue, X.,Zhao, X., Liang, Z. 2014. The Role of Sosial Capital in encouraging Residents‘ pro-environmental Behaviours in Community Based Ecotourism. Tourism Management 41, 190-201

Le, S. Jin, dan Yoo, D. Sang, 2012, The Adoption of Collaborative Governance Institutions : The EPA-States Performance Partnership Agreements (PPAS), International Review of Public Administration, Vol. 17 (2), hal. 143-61.

Maulana, A. A. 2017. Perspektif Modal Sosial Untuk Kebijakan Pemberdayaan Usaha Kecil Dan Menengah (Umkm) Daerah (Studi Pada Pedagang Di Kawasan Pantai Kamali Kota Baubau-Sulawesi Tenggara). The Indonesian Journal of Public Administration (IJPA), 3(1), 60-69.

Nugroho, Riant. 2014., Kebijakan Publik di Negara-Negara Berkembang, Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Nugroho, Riant. 2014., Metode Penelitian Kebijakan, Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Portes, Alejandro. 1998. Social Capital: Its Origins and Application in Modern Sociology. Annual Review Sociology, vol. 24: 1-24

Putnam, Robert D. 1993. The Prosperous Community: Social Capital and Public Life. The American Prospect No. 13 Spring.

Raharja, S. U. J. 2009. Kolaborasi Sebagai Strategi Bisnis Masa Depan. Jurnal Administrasi Bisnis Unpar, 5(1).

Siregar, P. R., & Effendi, T. N. 2010. Modal sosial para pedagang kakilima etnis Jawa studi di Daerah Nagoya Kota Batam (Doctoral dissertation, Universitas Gadjah Mada).

Suharto, Edi, 2011., Kebijakan Sosial Sebagai Kebijakan Publik, Bandung: Alfabeta.

Sudarmo, 2011. Isu-Isu Administrasi Publik dalam Perspektif Governance, Surakarta: Smart Media.

Sudarmo. 2008. Social Capital untuk Community Governance, Jurnal Spirit Publik, Volume 4, Nomor 2 Halaman 101-112.

Sugiyono, 2009, Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif dan R & D, Bandung : Penerbit Alfabeta.

Sutrisno, B., & Suwandi, J. 2007. Pola Penataan Pedagang Kaki Lima (PKL) di Kota Surakarta Berdasar Paduan Kepentingan PKL, Warga Masyarakat, dan Pemerintah Kota.

Thobias, E. 2013. Pengaruh modal sosial terhadap perilaku kewirausahaan (suatu studi pada pelaku usaha mikro kecil menengah di Kecamatan Kabaruan Kabupaten Kepulauan Talaud). Jurnal Acta Diurna, 2(2).

Totikidis, V., Armstrong, A., & Francis, R. 2005. The concept of community governance: a preliminary review.

Utami, Trisni., 2010. Pemberdayaan Komunitas Sektor Informal Pedagang Kaki Lima (Pkl), Suatu Alternatif Penanggulangan Kemiskinan. Jurnal Sosiologi, 25 (2). pp. 114-123. ISSN 0215 – 9635

van Oorschot, Wim and Ellen Finsveen. 2010. Does the welfare state reduce inequalities in people’s social capital?, dalam International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy, Vol. 30 Nos. 3/4, pp. 182-193. Diakses melalui : www.emeraldinsight.com/0144-333X.htm. (diakses, 14/10/2013. 14.00 wib)


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.